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基督城图书馆,屹立不倒的新地标第1张图片


基督城Tūranga中央图书馆
Tūranga Christchurch Central Library / SHL

由专筑网李韧,王雪纯编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:在设计初期,建筑师与Matapopore Charitable信托中心共同合作,该信托中心的目标是通过基督城的复兴而保留当地Ngāi Tūāhuriri人的价值观与信仰。这些内容对于建筑设计的影响很大,其中包括建筑材料、物理方向等方面,这些丰富的历史、传统的文化贯穿整个项目。

Text description provided by the architects. Early in the design process, the architects collaborated with Matapopore Charitable Trust, an organization whose objective is to ensure the values, aspirations and narratives of the local Ngāi Tūāhuriri people are realised throughout the recovery of Christchurch. Their influence on the design of the building is substantial—from building materials to physical orientation, there is a rich tapestry of ancestry, traditional knowledge, and culture woven throughout Tūranga.

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这种文化首先通过金色的外观得以展现,金色外壳将建筑隐藏在图像化的景象之中,整体视觉感受随着太阳角度而不断变化,尤其是在傍晚时分。外壳起伏的形式模仿于周围的山脉,人们在图书馆的上部楼层就能看到远方的山和当地的植物,这些都是传统文化的基石。

This cultural representation is first evident in the golden veil that cloaks the building in a striking, graphic façade. Its visual quality intensifies at sunset when the day’s last rays of light draw out a depth of sheen. The vacillating form of the veil is inspired by the surrounding rolling hills that can be seen from the upper floors of the library, and the long, thick blades of the local harakeke flax that is a fundamental natural resource for traditional cultural practices.

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当人们走近建筑时,会被这个温馨的休闲式入口所吸引,这个入口将图书馆与广场等周边建筑连接在一起。建筑的一层是广场公共功能的延续,这是基督城的主要城市空间,人们会在这里聚会、活动、举办市场、演出等等。因此开放的入口让人联想起当地的文化概念,同时也温馨地欢迎来访者。

As library-goers approach the building, they are drawn into the informal, welcoming entrance that connects the library with Cathedral Square and surrounding buildings. The ground floor is a continuation of the public realm of the square, which is one of Christchurch’s key urban spaces for public gatherings, events, markets and performances. The open, inviting entrance evokes the important cultural concept of whakamanuhiri, the warm and welcoming ‘bringing-in’ of arriving visitors.

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入口内并没有设置咖啡厅和创新技术区,这里有着7米长的现金触摸墙体。接待区的墙体上装饰有画作,作品的内容是当地的鸟儿的探索之旅。中央电梯是建筑的主要竖向交通枢纽,各个楼层都装饰着当地的植物色彩。

Inside the entrance is a café, as well as a technology and innovation zone that features a seven-metre, state-of-the-art touchscreen wall. The reception area wall is adorned with a striking graphic that depicts local birds on a journey of discovery, searching into the unknown. Across the space at the main lift core, this design extends vertically upwards through all floors with multi-coloured transitions of flora and fauna important to Ngāi Tahu, the local Māori tribe.

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为了增加市民的活动空间,建筑的二层设置有社区场所,主要是提供当地人们的讨论、辩论、分享、庆祝活动的场地。这个社区场所空间是一个独特的体量,能够最大程度在视觉上与广场相联系。图书馆的二层有着Ngā Purapura儿童活动区,名字则来源于Ngāi Tahu祖先传统,这里还包括有儿童阅读区和活动室。

In an effort to enhance the civic activities of Cathedral Square, the second level houses a Community Arena—a space for the people of Christchurch to discuss, debate, share, and celebrate. The Community Arena is expressed as a distinct volume within the form of the library, and is positioned to maximise its visual connection to the square. The second level of the library is also home to Ngā Purapura, a children’s area named for Ngāi Tahu ancestral traditions. Ngā Purapura includes a children’s reading cave and an activity room.

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图书馆的上部三个高层是各种各样的藏书库、员工办公室、会议室、学习室、工作室、计算机室、音乐工作室等等。建筑的5个楼层都通过巨大的错落中庭连接起来,其中设置有一座社交性楼梯,人们可以在此聚会、阅读、休息。

Ascending further into the library, the upper three floors house various book collections, staff offices, meeting and study rooms, a production studio, a computer lab, and a music studio among other functions. The building’s five levels are connected by a grand, staggered atrium featuring a social staircase for gathering, reading, and resting.

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Tūranga中央图书馆的施工严格地按照性能标准进行,哪怕发生地震,也不会对其结构整体造成太大的损坏,这是因为建筑有着集中式体系,这让建筑能够在一定幅度内摇摆,然后回归原始位置。

Tūranga was constructed to very stringent performance criteria, and is designed to sustain minimal structural damage during a large earthquake thanks to an integrated, self-centering mechanism that allows the building to sway and then return to its original position.

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这一部分的创新来源于一系列大规模混凝土墙体组成的抗震体系,在地震期间,这些混凝土墙体会一定幅度内摇晃,让建筑体量与地震的摇摆速度相互错开。每堵墙体都有着高强度预制钢筋,因此大约有1000吨的力量将墙体固定在大地上。这些钢筋能够让建筑在摇摆之后回归原位,这更加确定这座图书馆能够在未来成为这座城市的一大地标。

Part of the innovative set up is a seismic force-resisting system made up of a series of large-scale concrete walls that can rock and shift to isolate the building from peak earthquake accelerations during a significant seismic event. Each wall has high tensile, pre-tensioned steel cables that clamp the wall to the foundations with approximately 1,000 tonnes of force per wall. The stretch of these cables return the building to its original position after an earthquake, ensuring the library will stand as a unifying landmark in Christchurch for generations to come.

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建筑设计:Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects
地点:新西兰,基督城
类别:图书馆
面积:9500.0 m2
项目时间:2018年
摄影:Adam Mørk
客户:Christchurch City Council
主要合作建筑设计:Architectus
总承包商:Southbase Construction
结构工程:Lewis Bradford Consulting Engineers Ltd
文化顾问:Matapopore Charitable Trust

Architects: Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects
Location: Christchurch, New Zealand
Category: Library
Area: 9500.0 m2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Adam Mørk
Client: Christchurch City Council
Principal Collaborating Architect: Architectus
Main Contractor: Southbase Construction
Structural Engineer: Lewis Bradford Consulting Engineers Ltd
Cultural Consultants: Matapopore Charitable Trust

        
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