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让砖块秀出好身材丨Thayer砖石住宅第1张图片


Thayer Brick House is hidden behind a brick screen

由专筑网邵红佳,小R编译

美国Brooks+Scarpa事务所和Dwell工作室在芝加哥郊区设计建造了一座住宅,建筑有着内部庭院,其立面由扭转的砖块竖向排列而成,将建筑与道路分隔开。      

American firms Brooks + Scarpa and Studio Dwell have created a suburban Chicago home with an inner courtyard  screened from the road by "vertical twisting columns" of brick.

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Thayer砖屋坐落在芝加哥北部大学城埃文斯顿的一条绿树成荫的街道上。该住宅为一名投资银行家而设计,场地为细长的矩形,周围是传统住宅。

这个项目是由加利福尼亚州的Brooks + Scarpa事务所设计,而芝加哥Dwell工作室负责驻场事项。建筑平面为长方形,有一个面向街道的院子,周围围绕着一系列建筑体量。     

The Thayer Brick House sits on a leafy street in Evanston, a college town just north of Chicago. Designed for an investment banker, the dwelling occupies a slender, rectangular lot bordered by more traditional houses.
The project was designed by California-based Brooks + Scarpa, with Chicago firm Studio Dwell serving as architect of record. Rectangular in plan, the house consists of airy volumes organised around a gravel courtyard facing the street.
   
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项目的一大要素是砖,这种材料在美国中西部建筑中经常使用。

设计团队并没有选择典型的红砖,而是选择了芝加哥的普通砖,这种砖由当地的粘土制成,有各种各样的色调。

A key motive for the design team was to build with brick, a material often found in American Midwestern architecture.
Rather than typical red brick, however, the team opted for Chicago common brick, which is made of local clay and comes in various hues.

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由于普通砖质地粗犷、色泽不一,所以价格低廉,但品种丰富。这种平淡无奇的材料一般用于一些不太吸引目光的部位,例如侧墙、后墙、烟囱烟道,以及外墙后面的结构支撑。

“相反,Thayer住宅所使用的砖在建筑外型上看十分明显,是突出的设计元素。”该团队说。        

Due to its rugged texture and inconsistent colouring, common brick has generally been inexpensive and abundant. The prosaic material was historically "used in places generally obscured from the street, such as side and back walls, chimney flues, and structural support behind facades".
"Conversely, the brick at the Thayer House is highly visible and featured as a prominent design element," said the team.

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设计团队为面向街道的立面设计了独特的幕墙,由不同角度放置的砖组成。白天,自然光可以进入室内,在晚上,光透过墙,给建筑带来柔和、发光的质感。

建筑师说:“面向街道的立面就如同扭曲的垂直柱子,在光线穿过时,立面的形式不断变化。从行人的角度看,立面有着云纹状图案,似乎一直在流动。”   

For the street-facing facade, the team created a distinctive screen made of bricks placed at different angles. During the day, the brise-soleil allows natural light to filter into the house. At night, it reveals golden light from within, giving the house a soft, glowing quality.
"The street facade is organised in vertical twisting columns to create an ever-changing pattern of opening and closing as light moves across and through the facades," the team said. "As the viewer passes by the home, the facade creates a moire-like pattern that appears to be constantly in motion."

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这种普通砖也用于几个房间的侧墙。建筑的后部用水泥和石膏板包裹着,这些材料由回收的波特兰水泥制成。

建筑前面的院子是一片草地,一条斜路穿过院子,通向入口。使用者需要跨过门槛,穿过庭院,然后才能到达前门。

Brick was also used for sidewalls and was left visible within several interior rooms. The rear of the house is wrapped in cement-plaster panels made of recycled Portland cement.
The home is fronted by a small yard filled with tall prairie grass. A diagonal pathway cuts across the yard, leading to a recessed entrance. Visitors step through a threshold and then traverse the courtyard to reach the front door.
   
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住宅面积2800平方英尺(260平方米),分为公共区和私人区。地面层包括双层高度的公共区域,另外还有玻璃走廊和办公室。主卧和客房位于楼上。

在整座住宅中,玻璃墙将庭院的景观和光线引入室内。

Encompassing 2,800 square feet (260 square metres), the home is divided between public and private zones. The ground level contains a double-height public area, along with a glazed corridor and an office. A master suite and guest bedroom are located upstairs.
Throughout the dwelling, glazed walls provide views of the courtyard and usher in dappled light.

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建筑师说:“光线透过砖砌的幕墙,在房间的墙壁、地板、流通区和邻近的建筑上产生几何图形,这些图形会随着光线而变化。”        

设计师在室内设计上,出于可持续性的考虑,使用了特定的材料和颜色。

"Light seeping through the brickwork produces a shifting geometric pattern of light and shadow on the walls and floors of the rooms, circulation areas and neighbouring structures that alters throughout the day," the team said.
For the interior spaces, the architecture studios used a restrained palette of materials and colours, with an emphasis on sustainability.
        
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石膏板墙由回收材料制成,不含甲醛。木质地板由森林管理委员会认证的橡木制成,还使用了无毒涂料和“生态”瓷砖。

在整个项目中,材料的使用兼顾了性能和美学。

Gypsum-board walls are made of recycled content and are formaldehyde-free. Wooden flooring consists of oak certified by the Forest Stewardship Council. Non-toxic paint and "eco" tiles also were used in the home.     
Throughout the project, the team aimed to placed an emphasis on materials, both in terms of performance and aesthetics.

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该团队说:“设计检验了材料、形式和经验之间的张力。”

“特别有趣的是,这种想法超越了传统工艺,提升了普通材料的质感,而不是掩盖它们的本质。”   

"The design examines the tension between materials, form and experience," the team said.
"Of particular interest is the idea of transcending traditional craft and elevating humble materials without trying to make them into something other than what they really are."
   
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伊利诺伊州的其他住宅包括由HBRA建筑事务所设计的芝加哥联排别墅,其特点是由石头、砖和玻璃组合而成,以及由Dwell工作室设计的铝包层住宅,该住宅嵌入倾斜的河畔场地之中。

摄影:Marty Peters, Brooks + Scarpa

Other homes in Illinois include a Chicago townhouse by HBRA Architects that features a patchwork of stone, brick and glass, and an aluminium-clad dwelling by Studio Dwell that is embedded into a sloped, riverside property.
Photography is by Marty Peters and Brooks + Scarpa.

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项目信息:
建筑设计:Brooks + Scarpa
Brooks + Scarpa事务所团队:Lawrence Scarpa (主创建筑师), Angela Brooks, Jeff Huber, Arty Vartanyan, Chinh Nhan Nguyen, Cesar Delgado, Eleftheria Stavridi, Fui Srivikorn, Matt Barnett
驻场建筑设计:Studio Dwell
Dwell工作室团队:Mark Peters (主要负责人), Jonathan Heckert, (项目管理)
景观照明设计:Brooks + Scarpa
结构:Louis Shell Structures
土木、电气、照明:Studio Dwell
总承包商:Studio Dwell
客户:Robert Lipton

Project credits:
Design architect: Brooks + Scarpa
Brooks + Scarpa team: Lawrence Scarpa (lead designer/principal in charge), Angela Brooks, Jeff Huber, Arty Vartanyan, Chinh Nhan Nguyen, Cesar Delgado, Eleftheria Stavridi, Fui Srivikorn, Matt Barnett
Architect of record: Studio Dwell
Studio Dwell team: Mark Peters (principal in charge), Jonathan Heckert, (project manager)
Landscape and lighting design: Brooks + Scarpa
Structural engineering: Louis Shell Structures
Civil engineering, electrical, lighting: Studio Dwell
General contractor, specifications: Studio Dwell
Client/owner: Robert Lipton

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