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校园水景UNIBRA IBGM
UNIBRA IBGM / Hanazaki Paisagismo

由专筑网王雪纯,小R编译

来自建筑事务所的描述。这座花园位于巴西热门地区的大学中,面向此地的15000名学生开放。建筑师需要设计一个户外区域,对社区、学生和教师产生积极影响。该大学为低收入学生能负担的方式提供教育,并希望提供高审美质量的空间,并改善社区环境。

Text description provided by the architects. This garden welcomes 15,000 students in a university located and hot region of Brazil. The challenge was to create an outdoor area to have a positive influence on the community, students, and faculty. The university offers affordable education to low-income students and wanted to provide a space with high aesthetic quality and improve the neighborhood.

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累西腓是巴西东北部最大的城市,市区与水紧密相连。这不仅是因为累西腓位于巴西东北部温暖的热带海岸,而且还因为这里存在许多河流、岛屿,有着无数的桥梁,使得这座城市有着“巴西威尼斯”的绰号。这座城市是文化和教育中心,在这种背景下,该大学的创立目标是研究创新的教育方法,校方认为这样的理念也应该反映于物理空间上。而实现此目标的主要前提是创造互动的户外空间,并促进美学体验,让人们聚集在一起,建立知识和彼此的桥梁。

Recife, one of the largest metropolitan areas in Brazil, is deeply linked to water. Not only for being on the warm and tropical coast of Northeastern Brazil, but also for having many rivers, small islands, countless bridges which granted the city its nickname of “Brazilian Venice”. The city is a cultural and educational hub, and on this context, the university was founded aiming an innovative approach to education which should reflect on its physical space. The main premise was to create interactive outdoor spaces and to promote an aesthetical experience where people would come together and build bridges to knowledge and one another.

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校园位于一座历史悠久的建筑周围,而旧建筑以前是一座精神病院,成立于20世纪40年代。在21世纪初停用之后,这里的地形完全可以进行改造来容纳另一种建筑类型。这座历史悠久的建筑得以保留,适应新用途,并被有着大学设施和振兴环境的新建筑群所包围。

The campus is located around a historical building, a former psychiatric hospital which was founded in the 1940s. After its deactivation in the early 2000s, the terrain was available for another type of occupation. The historical building was preserved and adapted to its new uses and was embraced by a new building comprising the university facilities and revitalizing its surroundings.

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此室外空间的设计思路是呼应过去和当下,并展现出累西腓特殊地理位置的特点,因此水和道路在这个约4500平方米的空间中成为了重要角色。由于校园位于巴西的热门地区,水、凉棚、廊道有着基本的舒适性。项目通过战略性地布置反射池,连接了不同区域,并吸引人们发现探索其余空间。项目的水池看似有着无限的边缘,水微妙地流动,几个岛屿与树木围合出了惊人的效果。

The outdoor spaces were meant to be a juxtaposition of the contemporary and the historical and it was designed to echo Recife’s geography, thus the importance of the water and pathways on this space of approximately 4500m2. The water, along with a pergola and covered walkway, provides fundamental thermal comfort since the campus is located in one of the hottest regions of the country. The reflecting pool is strategically laid out through the project to link the different areas and to entice people to discover all its spaces. It has an infinity edge on which water delicately flows on and several islands with trees providing a surprising effect.

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广场位于水和走道之间,有着精心设计的几何形状,而舒适的公共设施也同样符合人体工程学,因此学生们可以在这里放松身心,与彼此共度时光,甚至可以在这里展开会议和学习。场地中有两个不同类型的水瀑布,其中一个位于两个休息室之间,声音比较大,因为其高度大约为2米,显示出力量和动态感。另一个水瀑布由一个覆盖着石头的斜倚墙组成,水缓缓流过,增添了轻松舒缓的声音。道路通向一个木制凉亭和栈道,是学校不同活动的多功能空间。

Through a precise and thought out geometry, the squares are positioned in between the water and walkways and the furniture is ergonomically and comfortably designed so students can unwind, spend time together, or even have meetings and study. There are two water cascades with different designs, one between two lounges with a stronger sound since it falls from a height of approximately 2m and is intended to show force and movement. The other water cascade consists of a reclined wall covered with stones on which water slowly runs off adding a relaxing and soothing sound. The pathway leads to a wooden pergola and the main deck, that serves as a multifunctional space to different activities in the university.

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广场的背景由不同高度的墙壁组成,为项目增加了雕塑比例和垂直度。这些墙壁要么用石头覆盖,要么用金属结构制成,有的还模仿土坯形态。这是一种广泛使用的局部技术。历史建筑和道路距离自然地形只有70厘米,因此新建筑和人行道也位于同一高度。

There are walls with different heights that set a background to the square and adds a sculptural scale and verticality to the project. They are either covered with stone, made of a metallic structure, or mimic adobe, a local technique widely used. The historical building and prior walkway are 70cm above the natural terrain, so the new building and walkways were also designed to be on the same level.

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花园大部分位于地面上,保护地形,这里还种植了原生植物来适应当地气候。现有的树木得到了保护,并在项目中得到了重视。灌溉用水主要来自回收再利用的雨水和建筑用水。走道上铺满了透水的材料,栈道使用通过认证的木板,其渗透性为自然土壤提供了水源。花园为学生和教师提高了生活品质,带来了自然感、社区感、归属感和自豪感,使学校有着受欢迎的户外空间。它为人与人之间的共存和联系提供了良好的场地。

The gardens are mostly on ground level to preserve the terrain and have native plants or adapted to the local climate. The existing trees were preserved and given its proper importance within the project. The water for irrigation comes mostly from rainwater and reused water from the building. The walkways are covered with permeable pavers and, with the certified wood deck, grants permeability to the natural soil The garden brought a quality of life, nature, a sense of community, belonging and pride to students and faculty, giving the university a plural and welcoming outdoor space. It creates an environment for coexistence and connection between people.

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建筑设计:Hanazaki Paisagismo
地点:巴西
类别:大学校园
首席建筑师:Alex Hanazaki
面积:4500.0 ㎡
项目年份:2017年
摄影:Yuri Seródio
项目团队:Hanazaki Paisagismo
客户:UNIBRA IBGM

Architects: Hanazaki Paisagismo
Location: R. Padre Inglês, 257 - Boa Vista, Recife - PE, 50050-230, Brazil
Category: Campus
Lead Architect: Alex Hanazaki
Area: 4500.0 ㎡
Project Year: 2017
Photographs: Yuri Seródio
Project Team: Hanazaki Paisagismo
Clients: UNIBRA IBGM

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