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“因地制宜”对于景观设计有多重要?第1张图片


格拉斯哥城市学院/RankinFraser景观设计事务所
City of Glasgow College by RankinFraser Landscape Architecture

由专筑网王帅,蒋晖编译

来自RankinFraser景观设计事务所的介绍:格拉斯哥城市学院的另一个校区(City of Glasgow College)的超级学院(Super College)正在领导着格拉斯哥市中心重大复兴工程,其城市校园位于曾经被称为 College Hill and Riverside的克莱德河(Clyde)的河畔。丘陵和河流是格拉斯哥的两个重要景观要素,其对景观设计有着直接的响应。该项目从一开始就不仅仅只是一座继续教育学院的景观设计,它是关于如何让这些公共投资为格拉斯哥的社会、都市、生态、以及大学生活带来贡献的问题。位于市中心校区和河滨校区的建筑有一些共同的特点,但又不是完全相同的,就像是兄弟而不是双胞胎。景观设计需要将其统一成一个校园,同时对这两个地点的地形、环境和建筑作出呼应。设计师通过利用相同的预制混凝土和景观花园等元素来表达这种统一性,同时也使用了特定地点的材料和植物来表达不同点。

rankinfraser landscape architecture: City of Glasgow College’s twin site Super College is leading a major regeneration of Glasgow’s city centre with its City campus located on what used to be known as College Hill and Riverside campus dominating the banks of the River Clyde. Hill and river are the two landscape elements that define Glasgow and the landscape design responds directly to these. From the outset this project was always about more than landscape design for a further education college. It was about how this public investment could contribute to Glasgow; socially, urbanistically, ecologically and bring college life to the city. The two buildings at City and Riverside share certain characteristics but are distinct; ‘siblings rather than twins’. The landscape design equally had to create a unifying campus coherence, whilst responding to the topography, context and architecture of the two locations. This unity is expressed through the repetition of elements such as precast concrete and woodland gardens, whilst also using site specific materials and plant species.

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市中心校区

市中心校区坐落在可以俯瞰整座城市的丘陵之上,校区的景观设计错落有致——包括公共公园、城市公共领域、街道景观、封闭的林地花园、“房屋后部”的空间设计和屋顶露台以及花园的设计。这些空间交织在一起,在连贯的整体设计中创造出具有自己特征的空间形式。建筑和景观通过“大楼梯”的形式来链接整个场地的11米的高差变化。这个台阶式的公共空间即可以引导人流进入学院,又可以一个阳光明媚的聚集空间,在这里可以俯瞰整个城市的景色。斜坡建在旧址的一所大楼上,其地基使用了拆迁时的材料。精心雕琢的公共公园进一步反应了它的地形。设计团队采用了“学习式景观”的概念。它是以多种方式进行组合,整个环境必须为正式和非正式的社交和学习创造多种机会。同时,将这一概念推广到室内与室外空间的联系上,并在室内与室外的环境中反映出阶梯式的外部景观。
   
CITY CAMPUS
City Campus is located on a glacial drumlin overlooking the city. The landscape design embraces a variety of landscape typologies including; a public park, urban public realm, street scape, enclosed woodland garden, ‘back of house’ spaces and intimate rooftop terraces and gardens. These spaces are woven together in a manner that creates spaces with their own character within a coherent overall design. The building and landscape negotiate an 11 m level change across the site that is celebrated by the creation of the ‘Grand Stair’, a stepped public space offering access to the college and a sunny gathering space with views out across the city. The sloping topography of the site is further elaborated through a carefully sculpted public park, constructed on the site of a former college building, using the demolition material to form the basic levels. The concept of ‘learning landscape’ was adopted across the design team. This recognises that learning now happens in multiple ways and the entire landscape had to create opportunities for formal and informal socialising and learning. The concept was extended to the physical relationship between indoor and outdoor space with the stepped exterior landscape echoed internally.

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河滨校园

河滨校园被认为是城市河畔复兴的典范,但这个城市却长期以来忽视了Clyde河的重要性。如果说城市景观设计是为了创造出更多的开放空间与景观环境,那么在河滨,景观设计是以一个封闭的“走廊”花园为中心。而这种形式的选择是设计师有意而为之的,主要是为了回应大学的设计风格,并给学院带来一种庄重的感觉,同时还能强调建筑物的必要性。为了避免河水的泛滥,我们在校园中心创造出一个下沉的空间。建筑的用砖也与邻近的铁路拱门保持一致,同时呼应了建筑的色调。而市中心校区内的白色的混凝土和景观也是如此。在场地的南面,树木沿着简单的直线排列,这一手法加强了城市的网格和框架空间,为未来的发展储蓄了潜力。
     
RIVERSIDE CAMPUS
Riverside Campus is considered to be an exemplar of riverside regeneration in a city that had long neglected its relationship with the Clyde. If at City the landscape design was partly about openness and views, at Riverside the landscape design is centred on an enclosed ‘cloister’ garden. This form was deliberately chosen to echo university style quads and bring a gravitas to the college. The need to elevate the buildings ffl. to avoid flooding allow us to create a sunken space at the heart of the campus. The use of brick deliberately relates to the adjacent railway arches and complements the colour of the buildings, whilst the white concrete and woodland planting speak to the same at City Campus. To the south of the site a simple rectilinear arrangement of trees, reinforces the city grid and frame space for potential future development.

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项目:格拉斯哥城市学院–城市和河滨校区
景观设计:rankinfraser景观设计事务所
建筑设计: Michael Laird事务所and Reiach and Hall事务所
项目位置:苏格兰,格拉斯哥
设计时间: 2012
建设时间:2014 – 2018
面积: 市中心校区:38,700 m2;河滨校区:21,600 m2

摄影:rankinfraser景观设计事务所
可视化图片:‘inside outside stairs’ – Reiach and Hall Architects
设计单位: ‘City Section’ – Michael Laird事务所and Reiach and Hall事务所

Project: City of Glasgow College – City and Riverside Campuses
Landscape Architects: rankinfraser landscape architecture
Architects: Michael Laird Architects and Reiach and Hall Architects
Location: Glasgow, Scotland
Design year: 2012
Year of construction: 2014 – 2018
Area: City Campus: 38,700 m2; Riverside Campus 21,600 m2

Image credits: rankinfraser landscape architecture
Visualisation: ‘inside outside stairs’ – Reiach and Hall Architects
Section: ‘City Section’ – Michael Laird Architects and Reiach and Hall Architects

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