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融入村庄的现代建筑 | 法国科西嘉岛公寓第1张图片


Cristinacce公寓/ Orma Architettura
Cristinacce Apartments / Orma Architettura

由专筑网邢子,小R编译

眼前的建筑是对科西嘉岛Cristinacce小村庄的一处废墟进行重建的项目,设计是三座市属公寓,遵循三条准则:

Text description provided by the architects. The project at hand is the rebuilding and reorganisation of a ruin in the small village of Cristinacce, Corsica, to create three city-owned apartments. The project follows three axes:

融入村庄的现代建筑 | 法国科西嘉岛公寓第2张图片


首先,在社会方面,这个项目不仅是公有的,同时风格也不同,呼应了科西嘉村庄的多样性。其次,从环境的角度来说,这是整个岛屿面临的紧迫问题,这座建筑承载着"低碳"的任务,也是科西嘉岛上的第一个此类建筑。最后,在建筑方面,公寓以现代建筑的形式出现,符合现代生活的需要,但古老的传统结构在这座小村庄里永远存在。

Firstly, there is a social aspect to it as not only it is city-owned, but the typologies are different to respond to the diversity of situations within Corsican villages.  Secondly, you find an environmental angle as it is a now pressing matter for the whole island. This building is dimmed “low-carbon”, which makes it the first of its kind in Corsica.  Finally, the architectural aspect of the project, of course, lies in the form of a contemporary construction that fits the needs of modern life but in the midst of old, traditional fabric, ever-present in our small villages. 

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在一个小村庄建造三座社会住宅的做法是一种对抗的行为,因为它的目的也是为了回应内陆的人口减少,为收入较低的人口提供高质量的住宅及生活。

There is an act of resistance to the approach of building three social dwellings in a small village as it aims also at fighting against the depopulation inland. Offering high-quality dwellings for lower a population with a lower income is even greater.

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融入村庄的现代建筑 | 法国科西嘉岛公寓第5张图片


这个项目的特点是结构和表皮主要是木制的,从而真正将建筑置于我们的时代。还有一个目的是进一步整合现代的体量和形状,并充分考虑材料的统一性和外立面的简洁性。此外,该建筑的结构使设计可以自由创造宽阔的开口,这对于满足环境标准以及框住远处的山景非常必要。

The project is characterised by a structure and a surface mainly wooden-made, thus really setting the building in our times. There was also the purpose of further integrating the modern volumes and shape, considering the material unity and sobriety of the façades. Furthermore, the architecture of the building allows us to create wide openings, necessary to meet the environmental standards as well as framing the views on the mountains afar. 

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在科西嘉岛宣传木材的优点已经没有必要,因为这种材料不仅在全岛范围内大量存在,而且是一种高质量的木材。然而,建筑师仍然想倡导当地的手工艺,并指出这样一个问题:尽管木材很多,但由于科西嘉岛缺乏干燥设备,使用这样一种简单的材料进行建造仍然会出现困难。事实上,所使用的大部分木材都必须在大陆或意大利进行干燥和加工处理。

Advocating the merits of a wood channel, industry, in Corsica could no longer be necessary as it is a material that you don’t only find in abundance across the island, but it also is a wood of the highest quality. Nevertheless, we still wanted to champion the local craftsmanship and point out the fact that despite wood being in plenty, difficulties in building with such a simple material can still arise because of the lack of drying units in Corsica. Indeed, the majority of the wood being used has to be dried and transformed, either on the mainland or in Italy. 

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该项目正在研究为眼前的问题提供直接的答案,为了做到这一点,建筑师们所研究的建筑方法必须是精确的,并且要结合事实,即使用的木材低于所要求的13%的湿度,这在所有传统的木制结构中很常见,这样可以避免远距离运输木材,同时降低了项目的碳排放。

The project is looking into providing immediate answers to the issues at hand. In order to do this, the building methods we have looked into had to be precise and to integrate the fact that the wood we would use would not reach the required 13% humidity rate, as is normally the case in all traditional wooden structures. Doing so, we avoided shipping the wood on the mainland, lowering the carbon footprint of the project at the same time. 

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融入村庄的现代建筑 | 法国科西嘉岛公寓第9张图片


因此,在对整个过程要求很高的情况下,建筑师希望确保该项目在各方面都能成为典范。这个项目在社会和环境方面都很好,促进了当地的资源的开发(Laricio松树木材),并参与了科西嘉岛内陆地区的居民重新安置问题。

Hence, in being very demanding with regard to the whole process, we wanted to ensure that the project would be exemplary in all aspects. This project is socially and environmentally sound, promoting endemic resources (the wood used in Laricio pine tree) and participate to repopulate the inland parts of Corsica. 

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建筑设计:Orma Architettura
类型:公寓
地点:法国
面积:280 m2
项目时间:2017年
摄影:Julien Kerdraon

APARTMENTS•CRISTINACCE, FRANCE
Architects: Orma Architettura
Area: 280 m2
Year: 2017
Photographs: Julien Kerdraon

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