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达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第1张图片


Dania Park

由专筑网罗晓茜,杨帆编译

来自事务所的描述: 达尼亚公园是一个海滨公园,位于瑞典和丹麦之间的Öresund海峡的边缘。该公园是马尔默前西部港口沿海工业区改造的一个主要工程。这是其中一个最雄心勃勃的城市改造,瑞典城区的棕色地带(指城中旧房被清除后可盖新房的区域)已经悄然开始发生变化。这个地块曾经是一个贫瘠的垃圾填埋场,一片不景气的土地,被污染的泥土填满了废弃的工业区。对于设计师而言,对现有地块的挖掘是一个很大的挑战,但也有一些突出的元素:光线、地平线、开阔的视野、天空、风和大海。这是一个有着各种气候和季节的地方。在这里可以体验到大浪和礁石,同时又可以享受到壮观的落日和慵懒的夏日时光。

From the architect. The Dania Park is a waterfront park, located along the edge of the Öresund strait which divides Sweden and Denmark. The park is one main feature of the transformation of the former Western Harbour, an industrial area along the coast in Malmö. This is one of the most ambitious city transformations of brownfield in urban areas that has taken place in Sweden.  The site used to be a barren landfill; all flat; an industrial desert of contaminated mud. Qualities from the existing site were initially hard to identify for the designers but eventually there stood out aspects of a more ephemeral kind: the light, the horizon, the long views, the sky, the wind, the sea. It is a place for climate and seasons. Rough waves and hard finds can be experienced here, as well as spectacular sunsets and lazy sunny summer′s days.

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第2张图片
Courtesy of Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersson

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第3张图片
Sketch/略图

在达尼亚公园设计过程中,充分利用这些特质在也显得至关重要。沿海景观的巨大规模也与公园相映成趣。不同条件和不同季节下参观公园可以带来各种各样不同的体验。

To take advantage of such qualities was crucial in the design process of the Dania Park. The immense scale of the coastal landscape reflects in the park, which has a large scale spaciously disposed. Visiting the park in different conditions and in various seasons brings out a wide variety of experiences.

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第4张图片
© Jens Lindell

公园的主要特点是设置了瞭望台:三个倾斜的混凝土平面穿过粗砾的海岸线,使得公园的游客可以临近大海。40米X40米的平台被称为堡垒,高于海平面 6米以上,大海使游客完全暴露在这里,无论是严酷的风或是美丽的黄昏。此外,三个木箱式的平台,可以俯瞰辽阔的,微微凹陷的草坪。这个活动场地有双排的花楸属树木和低灌木,可以阻挡部分海风。

The principal features of the park are the so-called Scouts: three tilted concrete planes that penetrate the rough boulder lining and permit park visitors to reach the sea. A 40 by 40 meter flat table termed the Bastion, elevated some 6 meters above the sea leaves the visitor totally exposed to the elements, whether to a harsh wind or a beautiful sunset. In addition, the Balconies -- three wooden boxes -- overlook the vast, slightly sunken grass meadow, called the Lawn. This activity field is protected from sea winds by a double row of Sorbus trees and lower, salt-resistant shrubs.

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第5张图片
© Jens Lindell

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第6张图片
Floor Plan/楼层平面图

公园所有的这些特点使得公园与大海紧密相连。在公园里的活动也面向海水。宏伟的、遥远的海岸景观也同样映射在公园里。设计使得公园充分利用了雄伟的景观,打造了一场大海的盛宴。

All features in the park turn themselves to the sea. Activities in the park are oriented towards the water. The majestic, distant coastal landscape reflects also in the park. In the design, the greater landscape has visually been borrowed into the park site, to form what could be named a celebration to the sea.

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第7张图片
Courtesy of Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersson

公园里展示了在水边的各种类型的社会活动。公园是由不同大小和性质的空间构成的,用于不同形式的公园生活。活动空间的大小范围从最小的突出海面的平台——可以容纳10 - 15人,到多用功能的草坪,它提供了数千人活动的空间。在这里还常常看到新人举行婚礼、孩子的洗礼或时尚摄影等活动。

The park displays different kinds of social activities at the water′s edge. The park is comprised of spaces of different sizes and qualities which address the various forms of park life. The spaces range from the smallest ones within the Scouts -- which hold perhaps 10—15 people -- to the multi-use lawn, which provides space for several thousand people. It is not rare to see weddings take place here, or the baptizing of a child, or fashion photography.

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第8张图片
© Jens Lindell

根据城市社会研究,城市空间通常需要10 - 15年才能被其公民所接受。而达尼亚公园只花了一年。马尔默是一个多元文化的城市,公园里阳光明媚的一天,会有成千上万年龄和种族背景都不同的游客相会于此。

According to urban social research, it normally takes 10--15 years for an urban space to be adopted by its citizens. In the case of the Dania Park, it took a single year. In the multi-cultural city of Malmö, the park on a sunny day is inhabited by thousands of users of all sorts; ages as well as ethnical backgrounds.

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第9张图片
© Eson Lindman

马尔默是瑞典第三大城市,位于国家的南部。这个公园是一个国际竞赛的成果。

Malmö is in size the 3rd city in Sweden, and situated in the very south of the country. The park is the result of an international competition.

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第10张图片
Sketch/略图

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第11张图片
Courtesy of Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersson

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第12张图片
© Eson Lindman

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第13张图片
© Jens Lindell

达尼亚公园/Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersso第14张图片
Courtesy of Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersson

建筑设计:Sweco Architects, Thorbjörn Andersson
地点:瑞典,马尔默
设计团队:PeGe Hillinge, Veronika Borg, Anders Lidström, Sven Hedlund, Peter Ekroth, Clotte Frank
面积:20000.0平方米
项目时间:2001年
照片:Jens Lindell, Eson Lindman, Courtesy of Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersson, Linnea Arab Svensson, Alfred Persson

Architects: Sweco Architects, Thorbjörn Andersson
Location: Malmö, Sweden
Design Team: PeGe Hillinge, Veronika Borg, Anders Lidström, Sven Hedlund, Peter Ekroth, Clotte Frank
Area: 20000.0 sqm
Project Year: 2001
Photographs: Jens Lindell, Eson Lindman, Courtesy of Sweco Architects + Thorbjörn Andersson, Linnea Arab Svensson, Alfred Persson
Landscape Architect: Thorbjörn Andersson, Sweco architect

出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。


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