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漫田画乡·画圣浜理想村项目位于河山镇东浜头村,核心区位于画圣桥、南圣浜两个自然组。河山政府引入乡伴文旅集团,依托丰子恺陵园、逃难码头等文化元素和画圣桥自然村落、退散进集后保留的工业厂房、农业产业基地等资源,规划建设一个集精品滨水民宿、艺术餐厅、画圣学院、乡村艺术馆、滨水茶吧等建筑群的理想村。融合周边水系、农田等自然环境要素,通过完善基础设施,提升沿线环境,打造具有示范性和影响力的美丽乡村田园综合体。河山镇以打造画圣浜理想村项目为契机,积极探索农业与旅游、农业与文化的融合发展,把美丽乡村转化成美丽产业、美丽经济、美丽生活,打造嘉兴市的乡村未来社区。本次原舍·河洲的建设作为第一批建设投入启动的项目先行。

Huashengbang Ideal Village is a rural revitalization project located in Dongbangtou Village, Heshan Town, with its core areas set in Huashengqiao Natural Village and Nanshengbang Natural Village. The Heshan Town government works with Xband Club to construct an ideal village that consists of waterfront B&B, artistic restaurant, Huasheng Academy, rural art gallery and waterfront tea bar, etc., by drawing on cultural elements such as Feng Zikai's cemetery and "escape wharf", and taking advantage of various resources, such as Huashengqiao Natural Village, retained industrial plants, and agricultural and industrial bases. Through integrating with surrounding water systems, farmlands and other natural elements and improving the infrastructure and surrounding environment, the goal is to create a demonstrative, influential and beautiful pastoral building complex. Taking the Huashengbang Ideal Village project as an opportunity, Heshan Town actively explores the combination of agriculture and tourism, agriculture and culture, works to upgrade villages in aspects of industry, economy and lifestyle, and aims to construct a future rural community that sets an example in Jiaxing City.
Yuanshe · Hezhou is a B&B, which is one of the first group of building complexes constructed within the Ideal Village.


项目区域位置

东浜头村位于桐乡市河山镇,毗邻上海、杭州、苏州、宁波等大城市,距离上海市约两小时车程,距离杭州市约四十分钟车程,区域交通十分便捷。

Location
Dongbangtou Village is situated in Heshan Town, Tongxiang City, adjacent to Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou and Ningbo. It enjoys convenient transportation, with about 2 hours' drive from Shanghai and around 40 minutes' drive from Hangzhou.

▼区域区位 Regional map © y.ad studio
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▼项目区域 Site location © y.ad studio

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从地域、文化元素开始

项目所在地离乌镇、南浔等江南水乡古镇均不远。

桐乡在我脑海中的印象总是关联着水乡古镇,也许是乌镇知名度太高的原因。提起桐乡就能想到古镇,埠头,小桥流水和狭小的街巷空间……但是除此之外木心和丰子恺漫画也是我可以立马想到的元素。

而本次项目所在地不仅在桐乡,而且东浜头村与丰子恺先生又有着千丝万缕的关系。这里作为丰子恺先生出生与晚年生活的地方,有画圣桥、有1934年抗日战争爆发后丰子恺先生乘船逃离故乡的逃难码头和丰子恺先生的陵墓。

Inspiration: regional and cultural elements
The project is not far from Wuzhen and Nanxun, two well-known historical water towns in Jiangnan Region.
"Tongxiang City in my mind is always relevant to historical water towns, as Wuzhen here is so famous," y.ad studio founder and chief architect Yan Yang explained, "When it comes to Tongxiang, ancient towns, piers, small bridges, flowing rivers and narrow streets and lanes pop into head. In addition, I also immediately think of Mu Xin, a renowned Chinese painter and writer, and the comics by Feng Zikai."
Dongbangtou Village, where the project sits, has a close connection with Feng Zikai, because he was born and lived here during his later years. Besides, there is a bond among Huashengqiao Natural Village, Feng Zikai's cemetery, and the "escape wharf" where Feng Zikai fled his hometown by ship after the outbreak of the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression in 1934.

▼地域特征、文化元素分析与启发 © y.ad studio(图中引用图片来源于网络)
Regional characteristics and cultural elements © y.ad studio
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▼项目所在村庄原始肌理
Existing spatial pattern of the village © y.ad studio
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▼场地现况Site conditions © y.ad studio

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从理想的栖居空间展开

设计之初运营方提出几个要求:面积要小、密度要低、使用空间要大、要独立、而且得有别墅的感觉。所以在户型设计上一直围着面积、密度、舒适、功能多而全还能类别墅的居住场所的方向进行。经过推敲和讨论我们设定了几个原则,使之成为一个有别于常规住宅的居住使用体验空间。

a、类独栋空间,控制在80-100平左右的空间面积,具有上下层空间。
b、室内外空间交替使用。
c、在居住体验中注入诗情画意,融入自然,“可观可行、可游可居”。

Concept: an ideal living space
At the early design stage, the operator of the B&B put forward several requirements for the space, i.e. small area, low density, large space for use, independence and villa style. In view of this, y.ad studio conceived the design by focusing on spatial scale, density, comfort and functions, to create a villa-style living space. After careful deliberation and discussion, the team identified the following principles for creating a villa-style B&B distinct from conventional living & experiential spaces:

a. Each building is relatively independent, with a single floor area of 80m2 to 100 m2 and a two-storey volume;
b. Interior and outdoor spaces can be utilized alternately.
c. Poetry and nature are injected into the space, to bring enjoyable strolling, touring and living experiences.

▼构思草图Sketch © y.ad studio
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▼建筑单体分析图 Single buildings diagram © y.ad studio
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▼建筑模型Model © y.ad studio
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▼建筑模型 Model © y.ad studio
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▼民宿建筑外立面 B&B building facade © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼民宿外立面B&B building facade © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼民宿阳光房外立面 © 严旸
Glass room facade © Yan Yang
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▼民宿外立面 © 严旸
B&B building facade © Yan Yang
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▼民宿外立面B&B building facade © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼民宿内庭院 © 严旸
Inner courtyard at B&B building area © Yan Yang
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▼民宿内庭院 © 严旸  
Inner courtyard at B&B building area ©Yan Yang
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▼民宿1F室内空间First-floor interior space of B&B building © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼民宿1F室内餐厅 First-floor restaurant in B&B building © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼民宿楼梯Staircase in B&B building © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼民宿楼梯 © 严旸
Staircase in B&B building © Yan Yang
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▼民宿2F楼梯间 © 严旸
Second-floor stairwell in B&B building © Yan Yang
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▼公区建筑外立面Facade of public area © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼公区建筑外立面Facade of public area © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼公区建筑外立面Facade of public area © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼公区内廊道 Inner corridor at public area © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼公区接待台 Reception desk at public area © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼公区门厅Foyer at public area © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼公区门厅 © 严旸
Foyer at public area © Yan Yang
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▼公区卫生间过道 © 严旸
Passage leading to washroom at public area © Yan Yang
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▼公区洗手间 Washroom at public area © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼公区咖啡区&水吧 Coffee area & bar at public area © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography

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符合当代生活与审美的方式诠释江南水乡民居

在设计策略上主要从以下几个方面进行设计:

1、保持临水而居的水乡特色

首先在场地设计上,将场地重新进行了调整。项目北面与东面均为河道,而南面则有一片水塘,但是彼此之间不能连通。我们将原水塘与河道之间进行串联形成三面环水的半岛式地形,并保留了原有场地大树。

然后将功能建筑避开大树、环河而建,尽量保持自然原始植被环境。同时分不同区域植入三个公共亲水、皮划艇平台,让其形成一个类似江南水乡公共埠头的亲水平台空间。

Jiangnan water town-featured living environment that fits into contemporary lifestyle and aesthetics

Two major design strategies were adopted.

Create a waterfront environment
The site was re-adjusted. The north and east sides of the site are surrounded by rivers and the south side faces a pond. But the rivers were separate from the pond. The design team connected the pond and rivers, so as to form a peninsula-like landform enclosed by water on three sides, and meanwhile preserved the existing big trees on the site as well.
Moreover, the functional buildings were built at a distance from big trees and around rivers, in order to retain the existing natural vegetation and environment. Three public water platforms are set in different functional areas, so as to create a Jiangnan wharf-like public waterfront space.

▼场地整理分析图 Site reorganization diagram © y.ad studio
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▼公共埠头亲水平台分布图 Distribution of public water platforms © y.ad studio
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▼功能分布分析图 Functional division diagram © y.ad studio
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▼剖面分析图Section © y.ad studio
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▼夜间鸟瞰 © 严旸
Aerial view at night © Yan Yang
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▼建全区南外立面 Overall south facade © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼全区南外立面 Overall south facade © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼傍晚全区南外立面 Overall south facade at dusk © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼公共亲水平台 © 严旸
Public water platform © Yan Yang
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▼独享亲水平台 © 严旸
Public water platform © Yan Yang

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其次制造一条游走的动线来串联各个空间,用行走的方式感受场所的变化,增强体验感与仪式感。

通过曲折的廊桥和缩小尺寸的通道,植入犹如园林及街巷的人行尺度感与视觉观感。

场地原入口处大水杉树在保留的同时,让架空廊桥穿行其中形成一个钻入树林感觉的入口空间。制造行走体验和新奇感的同时也让其具有整理思绪的仪式感,暗示着走过这段后将进入到另一个完全不一样的环境。

A walkable circulation route links various spaces, which creates varying experiences at every step and strengthen a sense of ritual.
The zigzag bridge-like corridors and size-reduced passages produce a sense of scale and visual effect that recall traditional Jiangnan gardens, streets and lanes.
The big metasequoia trees at the original entrance of the site are retained, with a newly built suspended corridor passing in between, thus forming an entrance space that makes guests feel like they're walking into a forest. Besides, it not only brings a walkable and novel experience, but also generates a sense of ritual, acting as a prelude to another space.

▼游走动线分析图 Circulation diagram © y.ad studio
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▼曲折廊桥夜景 © 严旸
Zigzag bridge-like corridor at night © Yan Yang
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▼曲折廊桥夜景 © 严旸
Zigzag bridge-like corridor at night © Yan Yang
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▼曲折廊桥 Zigzag bridge-like corridor © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼内部巷道Inner lane © Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography
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▼内部巷道 © 严旸
Inner lane © Yan Yang

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2、从漫画中来

由于场地原因,景观以一种什么样的方式介入一直都是困扰我们的一个问题。最初设想的以园林的方式介入,觉得场地太过于局限无法展开,而且感觉偏沉重和拥挤,刻意的人工植栽与造景也容易造成日后维护成本增加或是形成消极空间。索性以“留白空间、减少投入、回归纯粹、回归日常、植入艺术”的方式来塑造。用单纯的设计手法及普通、自然的材料、野趣的植栽来大面积展开。并将前区道路也纳入景观范围,加强场地整体感的同时,形成外部与内部两个呼应空间。在注入艺术主题后,形成两个艺术活动广场。并以此为基底在场地中植入丰子恺先生的画中元素,通过提炼与演变植入到场地景观、艺术装置与室内空间中。

Incorporating comic elements
Given the site's conditions, how to arrange landscape intervention posed a challenge to the design team. At the beginning, the team planned to set a garden. But due to the limited area, it was hard to do so, and it would make the space appear "heavy" and cramped. Besides, deliberate planting and landscaping would increase maintenance costs in the future or create negative spaces. In light of this, the team organized landscapes based on the principles of "leaving blank spaces, reducing cost, returning to purity and daily life, and injecting art". They adopted pure design techniques, common and natural materials and wild planting to create a large-scale landscape. Besides, front paths are also included in the landscape creation scope, which not only enhances a sense of integration, but also enable the inner and outer spaces to echo each other. With the theme of art, the design team created two artistic activity squares. In addition, the elements of paintings by Feng Zikai are extracted and incorporated into landscapes, art installations and interior spaces.

▼广场分布图 Distribution of squares © y.ad studio
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▼艺术装置分布图Distribution of art installations © y.ad studio
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▼整体空间生成分析图Spatial generation diagram © y.ad studio
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▼分析图Diagram © y.ad studio
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▼艺术泳池 © 严旸
Artistic swimming pool © Yan Yang

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项目图纸
Drawings


▼总平图 Master plan © y.ad studio
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▼竖向平面图Vertical plan © y.ad studio
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▼全区剖立面图 Section © y.ad studio
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▼节点详图 Detailed diagram © y.ad studio
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▼公区一层平面图1F plan of public area © y.ad studio
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▼公区二层平面图2F plan of public area© y.ad studio
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▼民宿一层平面图 1F plan of B&B building © y.ad studio
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▼民宿二层平面图 2F plan of B&B building © y.ad studio

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项目名称:桐乡漫田画乡·理想村原舍·河洲
建设单位:桐乡市河山镇东浜头股份经济合作社
设计委托:乡伴文旅
建筑、景观、室内设计:y.ad studio | 上海严旸建筑设计工作室(www.sh-yad.com)
结构设计:霍振忠
建筑设计院:上海时代建筑设计院
施工单位:上海景域园林建设发展有限公司
项目团队:严旸、吴可嘉、严昱、胡红梅
建筑面积:1901.68平方米
主要材质:水洗石、外墙涂料、竹钢、水泥肌理漆、马赛克、水磨石砖、木饰面
设计时间:2019.12-2020.10
建造时间:2020.10-2021.08
摄影版权:Peter Dixie(英) / 洛唐建筑摄影、严旸
视频拍摄:上海严旸建筑设计工作室

Project name: Yuanshe · Hezhou
Developer: Dongbangtou Joint-stock Economic Cooperative
Client: Xband Club
Architectural, landscape and interior design: y.ad studio (www.sh-yad.com)
Structural design: Huo Zhenzhong
Collaborator: Shanghai Times Architecture Design Co., Ltd.
Construction firm: Shanghai Jingyu Landscape Construction & Development Co., Ltd.
Project team: Yan Yang, Wu Kejia, Yan Yu, Hu Hongmei
Area: 1,901.68 square meters
Main materials: washed stone, exterior wall coating, laminated bamboo, cement-texture paint, mosaic tile, terrazzo tile, wood veneer
Design phase: Dec. 2019 - Oct. 2020
Construction phase: Oct. 2020 - Aug. 2021
Photographer: Peter Dixie / Lotan Architectural Photography, Yan Yang
Video: y.ad studio


来源:本文由y.ad studio | 上海严旸建筑设计工作室提供稿件,所有著作权归属y.ad studio | 上海严旸建筑设计工作室所有。

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