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让光透进来!对印度传统建筑的可持续改造第1张图片


印度Chirath住宅
Chirath Residence / Wallmakers

由专筑网王沛儒,王雪纯编译

来自建筑师提供的文本描述。在当今世界,给大多数事物加上可持续发展的前缀是一种必然的趋势。然而,可持续发展的概念远远比行动多的多。

Text description provided by the architects. In today’s world, it is a prevalent trend to add the prefix of sustainability to most things. However, there seems to be very little that is done to represent the concept.

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人们,作为一个社区集体,致力于把泥土和废物作为主要组成部分来建造具有吸引力和实用价值的建筑。作为十年来一家专门从事可持续建筑的公司,我们了解什么是“现代”客户最需要的,一个人的房子是他的社会地位的一种象征,而不是对未来的某种诉求。

We, as a community, have devoted ourselves to the cause of using Mud and Waste as the chief components to make structures which are alluring and utilitarian. As a firm practicing sustainable architecture exclusively for a decade, we know about the aspirations of a “modern” client, where his house is a symbol of his status and prominence in society instead of being a statement for the future.

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当我们第一次见到客户时,他向我们提到了他对Kerala传统家居风格的不满。Kerala的传统房屋是典型的倾斜屋顶结构,结构有沉重的悬挑。虽然屋顶做了防雨处理,降温效果也很明显,但他还是觉得这种黑暗的气氛让人感觉到沉重,这种气氛普遍存在在每个空间,或许这与房子里的布局也有关。第二种猜测是在过去,由于女性被限制在院子里,许多现存的建筑体系促进了性别不平等。因此,在项目的早期,客户提出了一个观点,新房子应该提出一个光明的象征,或者说是对我们古老的系统和信仰的新看法。

When we first met the client, he mentioned to us about his disapproval towards the traditional Kerala style home system. The traditional houses in Kerala are typically sloped roof structures with heavy overhangs. Although the roof prevented rain and the cooling was phenomenal, he was deterred by the atmosphere of darkness which stayed prevalent or was associated with the ambience inside the house. The second altercation was that many of the architectural systems that were in place promoted   gender inequality in the olden days since women were restricted to the courtyard. Thus during the early days of the project, the client had made a point that the house should be a symbol of a new light, or a new outlook to our age old systems and beliefs.

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“Chirath”是马来亚拉姆的传统灯,由Ramanujan Basha先生为他在Pala的房子取的名字。客户要求有一个取其精华,去其糟粕的解决方案。

“Chirath” which denotes a traditional lamp in Malayalam is the name given by Mr. Ramanujan Basha for his house at Pala, Kerala. The client, thus asked for a solution by throwing away the bad and utilising the good.

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我们决定打破屋顶,把它打开,让光线进来,同时用废物和泥土建造房子。这就是Chirath的概念。

We decided to break the roof, split it open and let the light flow in, all while using waste and mud to build the house. This is the concept of Chirath.

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什么是浪费?废物可以被分类为任何从其原始功能中产生、使用后然后丢弃的东西。虽然工作和施工过程会产生大量废料,但我们没有丢弃他们,而是用它来建造房屋。

What is waste? Waste can be classified as anything that was produced, used and then discarded from its original function. While the work and construction process results in the production of a lot of scrap, we believe in not being deterred by this demon and instead building with it'

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建筑师:Wallmakers
地点:印度
项目类型:可持续性建筑
首席建筑师:Ar. Vinu Daniel
团队成员:Pushkar Sharma, Tushar Sharma, Pinak Bhapkar , Srivarshini J. M., Sriviji Nachimuthu, Neeraj Murali, Shyamala Baskaran, Sagar Kudtarkar
面积:168.82㎡
项目年份:2018年
照片摄影:Anand Jaju, Jino and Midhu

Architects: Wallmakers
Location: Pala, India
Category: Sustainability
Lead Architect: Ar. Vinu Daniel
Team Members: Pushkar Sharma, Tushar Sharma, Pinak Bhapkar , Srivarshini J. M., Sriviji Nachimuthu, Neeraj Murali, Shyamala Baskaran, Sagar Kudtarkar
Area: 168.82㎡
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Anand Jaju, Jino and Midhu

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