网站地图关于我们

查看相册 View Gallery
自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第1张图片


卢旺达百人宿舍
School Dormitory for 100 Students / ASA Studio

由专筑网苏一,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:Rwamagana Lutheran学校新宿舍项目需要供百名学生的使用,通过建筑策略来提升教育水平。宿舍项目采用了创新手法,同时秉持着社会责任,设计方案在可持续性、成本效益以及功能使用之间达到平衡。该建筑是教学场所,增强寄宿学校的体验,同时激励学生投入自己的创新想法,以此为他们提供安全、健康和环境良好的学习场所。通过简单的手段,该项目旨在应对气候变化和地域限制,以及通过设计将基本的学生活动联系起来,并最大限度地利用空间。

Text description provided by the architects. The design project for the Rwamagana Lutheran School new dormitory for 100 students is a manifesto of the firm’s mission in the potential of empowerment in education through architecture. The program of the dormitory is developed through innovative and socially responsible solutions that balance sustainability, cost-effectiveness, and functionality. The building is intended to act as a teaching tool that enhances the experience of the boarding school while stimulating the students, making them part of the design phases, and offering a safe, healthy and environmentally sound educational institution. With simple means, the project aims to respond to climate and territory constraints, as well as stimulating by design, in an attempt to link the basic student activities and the maximization of the use of space.

自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第2张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第3张图片


采用学生参与式的设计方法在项目中发挥了重要的积极作用,学生的投入使得他们更好地去了解、使用和感知空间,同时也为学校的发展做出了贡献。新设计中提出可持续发展课程,建筑干预所起的催化作用触发了一系列良性循环,这些循环涉及到了建筑层面,通过学生参与式的方法和设计,促进了建筑的自我维护,这些方面也提升了建筑的功能价值。

The adoption of a participatory design approach had a great role in the positive outcome of the project, integrating the students’ inputs, for a better understanding of the space use and perception, but also for the CV of the school, which is very much committed to implementing a sustainability course through the new design. The catalyst role played by the architectural intervention triggers a series of virtuous cycles that involve the community at the construction level, the students through the participatory approach and the stimulation by design, and facilitate the self-maintenance of the building. These aspects reinforce the concept of architecture as a tool to add value to programs.

自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第4张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第5张图片


通过逐步施工培训、模型测试和材料现场测试,工人们学会了改进传统建筑技术,以及采用当地可用的替代材料。事实证明,这种方法可以增加就业机会,并提高工人们的建构能力。利用当地的材料和建造技术也促进了建筑文化的发展,提升整个社会的生产水平,烧制的砖块由工地附近的工匠生产,它们由山谷中的粘土以及压实的粘土地板制作而成。基础的石头在附近村庄开采,并带到现场。石灰和芦苇都来源于当地,所有建筑施工部分都通过低科技工具来完成。

Thanks to a step-by-step construction training, mock-ups, and on-site tests performed on materials, the workers learned how to improve their traditional construction techniques and how to adopt alternative locally available and affordable materials. This approach has been proved to increase job opportunities and improve the ability to self-construct. The use of local materials and construction techniques also facilitates the building contextualization and involves the community at the production level: the fired bricks are produced by artisans close to the site with clay sourced in the valley as well as the compacted clay floors. The stone for the foundations is quarried at the near village and brought on site. Lime and reeds are sourced from one of the masons, and all construction is performed with low-tech tools.

自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第6张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第7张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第8张图片


宿舍的创新性在于,建筑有可能改善教育环境,激发学生的创造力,让学生积极感受,并且提高他们在日常活动中的动手能力。这些都能从每个设计细节反映出来,例如从房间概念,到公共空间的布置,再到室内舒适度。

The innovative interpretation of the dormitory rests on the idea that architecture has the potential to improve the education environment, to stimulate the creativity of the students, their positive feelings and their industriousness during all their daily activities. This is reflected in each and every design details, starting from the room concept, through the arrangement of common spaces, up to the interior comfort achievement.

自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第9张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第10张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第11张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第12张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第13张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第14张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第15张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第16张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第17张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第18张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第19张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第20张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第21张图片


自己动手,打造舒适的栖身之所第22张图片


建筑设计:ASA Studio
类别:宿舍
首席建筑师:Alice Tasca, Zeno Riondato, Francesco Stassi
面积:600.0平方米
项目时间:2016年
照片:ASA Studio
制造商:Safintra
实习生:Disa Reutersward
结构工程:Ephrem Musonera
承包商:Alexis Kaiyhura

Architects: ASA Studio
Location: Rwamagana, Rwanda
Category: Dorms
Lead Architects: Alice Tasca, Zeno Riondato, Francesco Stassi
Area: 600.0 m2
Project Year: 2016
Photographs: ASA Studio
Manufacturers: Safintra
Intern: Disa Reutersward
Structural Engineer: Ephrem Musonera
Contractor: Alexis Kaiyhura

【专筑网版权与免责声明】:本网站注明“来源:专筑网”的所有内容版权属专筑网所有,如需转载,请注明出处

专于设计,筑就未来

无论您身在何方;无论您作品规模大小;无论您是否已在设计等相关领域小有名气;无论您是否已成功求学、步入职业设计师队伍;只要你有想法、有创意、有能力,专筑网都愿为您提供一个展示自己的舞台

投稿邮箱:submit@iarch.cn         如何向专筑投稿?

扫描二维码即可订阅『专筑

微信号:iarch-cn

登录专筑网  |  社交账号登录:

 匿名

没有了...
评论加载中,请稍后!

建筑 (10835 articles)


居住建筑 (3291 articles)


宿舍 (26 articles)


卢旺达 (4 articles)


2016 (636 articles)


粘土砖 (12 articles)


石灰 (10 articles)