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德国Nett酒厂
Nett Winery / Architects Collective

由专筑网王沛儒,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述。位于德国法尔兹葡萄酒产区的Nett酒庄是一座轻盈、现代、大方、具有代表性的建筑。它由两个伸展的大厅和一条有顶棚的通道组成,看起来像一束景观中的几何光线。在建筑内部,葡萄酒在近4500 m2的空间中逐步成熟。该项目拥有高品质的葡萄酒生产流程,设计挑战在于,客户需要一座全新的建筑,能够将全线产品以及商店、品酒室、储藏室、办公室和起居空间结合在一起。

Text description provided by the architects. The Nett Winery, located in the Pfalz wine region of Germany, can be described as a light, modern, generous and representative building. Comprised of two long-stretched halls as well as a covered passage, it looks like a geometric ray ready to unfold across the landscape. Inside the building, the wine ripens on a vast space of nearly 4,500 m2. Claiming the highest quality of wine production, the challenge was to design a completely new building that ambitiously combines the entire production as well as a shop, tasting room, storage, office and living spaces - and which meets the family’s expectations, too.

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创新的木建筑

建筑师需要设计一座60 - 80米的全新建筑,它将容纳酿酒厂和仓库等整个生产过程所需的空间,另外还有销售区域和办公室,以及一个屋檐下的酿酒师家庭的生活居住空间。建筑师借鉴了传统的方式将建筑埋入地下,有着厚重的墙壁,几十年来的酒窖就如同一座工业大厅,建筑师将这些方法结合应用,创造了轻质结构,其中包含有木制外部立面以及混凝土内部形态。这些具有生态价值的建筑材料的使用直接关系到高质量食品的生产,更重要的是,保证了建筑生命周期之外的持久影响。

Innovative wood construction

The challenge was to design a completely new building with staggering dimensions of 60 to 80 meters, which will house the entire production processes of the winery and warehouse, sales area and office together with living spaces for the family of winemakers under one roof. Taking their cue from wine cellars that were traditionally buried and with massive walls, and wine cellars of the last decades that were built as industrial steel halls, the architects merged both approaches in this project to create a lightweight construction comprised of a wooden outer shell enveloping a massive interior construction of pumice-concrete. The use of these ecologically valuable building materials is a direct reference to the production of high-quality food, what is more, to ensuring a lasting effect beyond the building’s life cycle.

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日本茶馆与维也纳现代主义的结合

建筑位于葡萄园景观之中,酒厂有着极简主义特征。屋顶上的三个独特的棚屋让光线和空气来到室内,建筑的形状出乎意料地像一座日本茶馆,灵感来自维也纳现代主义。这种印象通过对大型木质外墙的特殊处理得到了加强,这种处理方式名为“Shou-Sugi-Ban”,这是一种有一千年历史的日本木材整理技术,表面经过炭化处理。5米长的木材表面通过刷漆和上油技术得到了进一步的发展,使其极其耐用,并有着令人印象深刻的美感。

Japanese teahouse meets Viennese Modernism
Nestled in a cultural landscape of vineyards, fields and pastureland, the winery appears at first glance minimalist and focused on its own materials. With the three distinctive sheds on the roof that let light and air radiate into the interior, the shape of the building unexpectedly resembles a Japanese tea pavilion inspired by the hits of Viennese modernism. This impression is reinforced by the very special treatment that the large wooden outer walls have undergone, known as Shou-Sugi-Ban, a thousand year old Japanese wood finishing technique in which the surface is protected by charring. The wooden surface of the five meters long building was further developed through a brushing and oiling technique making it extremely durable and giving it an imposing aesthetic.

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生产和类型学

这种新颖的建筑具有非常实用的功能。它涵盖了酿酒厂的真正核心,即葡萄酒生产年度周期的类型序列。建筑的布局覆盖了两个细长大厅和一个中间的屋顶通道。西大厅由零售和办公空间组成,可以看到酒桶室和该地区最好的葡萄园全景。旁边是酒桶室和酒柜大厅,南边是酿酒家族的生活区。东部大厅由瓶装葡萄酒等其他储藏区组成。中间是多功能的生产通道,用于季节性的工作,如压榨、发酵、预处理或流动装瓶。

Production and typology
This novel architecture has a very pragmatic function. It covers the actual heart of the winery: the typological sequence of the annual wine cycle of wine production. The tailored layout of the building covers all production processes in two elongated halls and an intervening roofed passage. The western hall consists of the retail and office spaces, with views into the barrel room and a panoramic view towards one of the best vineyards of the region, the ‘Mandelberg’. Next to them are the wine barrel room and the wine tank hall and to the south the living areas of the winemaking family. The eastern hall consists of the bottled wines in cases and other storage areas. In between is the multifunctional production passage, which is used for seasonal work such as pressing, fermentation, pre-treatment or mobile bottling.

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建筑设计:Architects Collective
地点:德国
类别:酒庄
面积:4500.0 m2
项目年份:2017年
照片摄影:Rui Camilo
制造商:Wiehag
建筑监理:Frigo Construction GmbH
木材施工:WIEHAG GmbH
总承包商:Burgey Bau GmbH

Architects: Architects Collective
Location: Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Germany
Category: Winery
Area: 4500.0 m2
Project Year: 2017
Photographs: Rui Camilo
Manufacturers: Wiehag
Architectural supervision: Frigo Construction GmbH
Timber construction: WIEHAG GmbH
General contractor: Burgey Bau GmbH

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