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住宅是人们永远的精神家园第1张图片


福岛长屋
A Long House / Life Style Koubou

由专筑网邢子,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:该建筑位于日本福岛南相马市,这里因“追赶野马节”而闻名,也是知名的“隔离管制区”。福岛核事故发生后,许多人搬出了这座城市,但并未远离。该地区留下大量的空房子。业主和他的妻子曾分别要求过建筑师对住宅进行翻新,但是他们除了暂时撤离也别无选择。解除管制后,他们选择回到已经生活了几十年的城市,并希望建筑师能够修复他们所珍爱的家园。

Text description provided by the architects. The premises are located in Soma City, Fukushima. Minamisoma is known for “Soma Nomaoi” wild horse chase festival, one of the biggest festivals Fukushima has to offer—or perhaps best recognized as the “temporary evacuation designated zone”. After the Fukushima nuclear disaster, many moved out of the city and still keep themselves away from the city. There are great quantities of empty houses in the area. The owner and his wife who have separately asked us for a renovation also had no choice but to evacuate temporarily. After deregulation, they chose to go back to the city they had been living in for decades, and we were asked to renovate their cherished home.

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这栋36年历史的单层房屋原来有7个房间,每个房间面积约为15㎡,有着宽阔的厨房和两间浴室,但这对于一对70年代结婚的夫妇来说太大了。考虑到房子在继承后的管理问题,建筑师决定减小房子的体量,因此他们保留了在2011年东北地震中遗留下来的瓷砖屋顶,并充分利用它。

This 36-year-old, one-storied house originally had 7 rooms, each 15 ㎡ wide, extensive kitchen, and two bathrooms, and was too big for a married couple in their 70s. While contraction of the house seemed to be the best idea considering its management after inheritance, we decided to retain the strong tiled roof which survived the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and make full use of it.

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房子的主人一直对这个地区的传统活动十分尊重,他在“追赶野马节”上担任队长,迎接来来往往的游客。而坐在露台上和游客交谈,是他们每天都要做的事情。那么露台便成为了完美的接待空间,在这里,游客感觉不到压力,也不需要脱鞋,可以自由来去。

The owner has been taking over the area’s traditional events with dignity, taking the role of the captain in Soma Nomaoi wild horse chase festival for example, and he always had visitors coming and going. Sitting on the terrace, talking to visitors—this was their daily routine. The terrace is a perfect space for welcoming people; there is no stress or need for the visitors to take off their shoes and it allows them to come and go whenever they want.

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南相马几乎没有雪,因此,在露台一边喝茶抽烟一边聊天成为了一件四季皆宜的事情。建筑师想要保留这个平常而又珍贵的景象,并且保留这些瓦片屋顶,为那些能回到这里的人们提供能够了解并互相支持的场所。为了建造这样的住宅,建筑师决定在保持屋顶结构不变的同时,将生活空间最小化,并将剩余的大部分区域改造成露台。

There is hardly any snow in Minamisoma and thus, small talk sessions with tea and tobacco by the terrace were an all-season, everyday thing. We wanted to preserve this usual but precious sight along with the tiled roof, and create the heart of the city for those coming back where people can get to know and support each other. Determined to build such a house, we decided to minimize the living space while keeping the roof structure as it is and renovate most of the remaining area into a terrace.

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在“追赶野马节”期间,大约有20个人轮流聚集在这所房子周围。建筑师利用主入口用于更换和储存鞋子,游客还可以从露台的一侧进入建筑,并非一定要通过主入口。建筑师可以想象到这个地区的人们会在节日结束后聚集在露台周围,像在家里一样,互相感谢并享受时光。建筑师真心地希望这种景象能永远地持续下去。

At the time of the Soma Nomaoi wild horse chase festival, about 20 people take turns to gather around this house. We have built the main entrance for taking off and storing shoes but structured the house to allow visitors in from any side of the terrace so that they would not need to go through the entrance. We can imagine people of the area gathering around the terrace after the festival, making themselves at home, thanking each other and enjoying their time. We sincerely hope that such sight will last forevermore.

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建筑事务所:Life Style Koubou
位置:日本
首席建筑师:Kotaro Anzai/Life style koubou
面积:194.72 m2
项目时间:2018年
摄影:Nao Takahashi

Architects: Life Style Koubou
Location: Minamisōma, Japan
Lead Architects: Kotaro Anzai/Life style koubou
Area: 194.72 m2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Nao Takahashi

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