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试验场 干燥环境/Testsite dry

Dwarka城市规划设计
DWARKA

由专筑网pilewyj,李韧编译

1990年,在不断增加的人口负担下,印度Dwarka成为了全新的城市。Dwarka位于德里西南部机场附近,人口超过100万,其中主要是中产阶级。从现场观察及与专家的讨论可以看出,该城市的发展有一些失控,部分原因是还有待研究,但能确定的部分原因是该地区严重缺水,这里相当大的区域仍然未经使用,居住区也只是占了一部分。但值得注意的是,离中心较远的许多地区,还有正在迅速发展的机场和商业中心。

Dwarka is a new sub-city planned under the burden of providing growing population in 1990. It is strategically located close to the airport in South West Delhi and is planned for a population of one million-plus (primarily middle-class) inhabitants. From observations at the site and discussions with experts it is vident that development does not come off the ground, in part due to speculation, in part due to severe water shortages. Sizeable areas still stand vacant, and apartment buildings are only partly occupied. This is remarkable, given the fact that many areas much further from the center, the airport and the business-hub of Gurgaon are developing rapidly.

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实验场地  潮湿环境/Testsite wet

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原理/Principles


水是Dwarka未来发展的关键因素,这也是Dwarka未来愿景的重要组成部分,因此,这个问题需要首先解决。

Water is key to a future development of Dwarka. As an essential building-block of any future vision or scenario for Dwarka, the water issue needs to be addressed first.

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干旱景观/Arid landscape

这个方案旨在制定应对紧急情况下的各项水问题,这是一个与自然同时进行的过程,对于不同状况并没有固定的解决方案,但希望能够通过这种形式使Dwarka成为能够自我持续发展的副中心城市,这里会有不同的景观得以呈现,并通过景观提出重要的话题,传播对这一问题的认识的紧迫性,同时以适当的方案进行展示。

The aim is to develop strategies, projects and tools for addressing the (urgent) water. It is a parallel process where there are no fixed set of solutions but the idea is to test out to make Dwarka a more self-sustainable sub-city with alternate scenarios and by asking fundamental questions, spreading awareness for the urgency of the issue and at the same time demonstrating with appropriate action plans/concrete projects.

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水循环机制-干旱景观/Watercirculation Arid landscape

设计师在德里地铁站周围利用了900米×900米的场地,进一步研究和战略测试。针对现有的问题,专家也提出了若干建议。这些设计旨在通过提高持水能力、补给地下水、局部处理废水,将水设计引入景观和建筑来封闭水循环。全新道路系统理想情况下能有效降低交通速度,给行人留出空间。同时,为了节省更多的水管理空间,道路宽度会被缩小。将雨水管理系统纳入城市绿地系统之中,实现生态和景观的双重价值。该试验点也将作为德里或印度其他地区的典型示范案例。

A site in size of 900m x 900m is identified around the station of Delhi metro for further study and strategy testing. Several proposals are put forward to solve current problems and bridge the gap between water consumption and supply. The designs aims to close water loop by increasing water-holding capacity, recharging groundwater, treating wastewater locally, implementing water design into landscape and architecture designs. The new road system aims for slow traffic and giving the space back to pedestrian. Meanwhile, roads are narrowed down in order to save more space for water management. Stormwater management system will be implemented into green structure for ecological and landscape value. The testsite will be a demonstration for other cases in the sub-city or in other areas of Delhi or India.

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适度景观/Moderate landscape

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水循环机制-适度景观/Watercirculation Moderate landscape

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水景观/Wet landscape

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水循环机制 - 水景观/Watercirculation Wet landscape

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水循环机制 - 水景观/Watercirculation Wet landscape

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工作系统/Network


项目地点:印度,德里
委托方:Delhi 2050
合作方:Dutch Water Design Makkink & Bey, Arch i
项目时间:2013年-2014年

location: Dwarka, Delhi, India
client: Delhi 2050
collaborators: Dutch Water Design Makkink & Bey, Arch i
year: 2013-2014

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