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竞赛|颠覆性设计:经济适用房的新解决方案第1张图片


Disruptive Design: New solutions to affordable housing

由专筑网缕夕,王帅编译

提交日期:2019年1月31日
注册日期:2018年12月15日
语言:英语
定位:概念型
奖励:请参阅下面的详细信息
类型:开放型

颠覆性设计竞赛共分为三个阶段,该竞赛的目的是解决、设计、建造业主负担得起的自用住房。竞赛由芝加哥住房政策工作组发起,该工作组是一个在芝加哥投资创建经适房的多元化组织,竞赛由代表这些组织的个人团队执行。

竞赛邀请建筑师、设计师、学生以及投资城市发展的人士,为自住房屋的开发设计理念,其中包括通过芝加哥的房屋所有权,以及企业家的财富投资,生成灵活的建筑解决方案。最终获胜者将能进一步优化设计原型。


挑战:

目前,全国各城市的首次购房者和可负担的房型选择比例快速下降,这里定义购房者收入大约100%AMI。这代表了在芝加哥的三口之家赚取约75000美元,或全国三口家庭为61000美元。在芝加哥,对于高档化和服务不足的社区来说,人们越发希望经适房和具有灵活性和适合老龄化社区的出现。在高档化社区,土地价值水涨船高;而在服务欠缺的社区,贬值的财产和土地价值产生评估差距,阻止了发展。

此外,建造新的经适房成本越来越高。随着建筑和劳动力成本的增加以及收入增长速度的降低,年轻人、小家庭或首次购房者能够负担得起的房贷,以及建筑成本对于开发商和买家来说都是显而易见的,这也使得经适房越来越不“经适”。补贴虽然有效,但这不是解决问题的长久之计。

最后,在贫困的社区中开发新住房促使创造经济分层和高档化,未来经适房的解决方案必须解决如何建立财富和创造健康的混合收入社区的问题。


突破:

建筑师必须创新,利用新的建筑材料和方法,为单户住宅提供生活工作机会,并关注成长家庭、老龄化、残疾人无障碍等内容,以及重点关注“GIG”经济。竞赛举办方希望寻找经适房的解决方案,让开发实现可持续发展,让人们有能力购买,住房解决方案须可复制、动态和多方面的,需要为芝加哥各地的业主创造财富和机会。设计一种融入公平和可能性的新住房类型。竞赛要求提交的家居设计价格不得超过25万美元。竞赛分为三个阶段,每个阶段都要求参赛者考虑实现的想法,设计和可行性。

费用:参加竞赛不收取任何费用。


参赛资格:

本设计竞赛对所有人开放,但以下情况除外:
• 参赛作品不得在任何竞赛出版物中发表过,无论是印刷、在线还是其他方式
• 参赛作品需没获得过任何奖励等
• 强烈建议每个团队在第1阶段竞赛中选择持有专业资格证的建筑师进行组队参赛。入选第二阶段竞赛的团队将需要持有专业资格证的建筑师。获奖项目必须包括或聘请在伊利诺伊州获得执业资格的建筑师
• 本次竞赛的资助者、陪审员、赞助商或特别工作组织的现有员工禁止参加。第1阶段参赛的团队将需要在评审前签署非隶属关系的文件


评判标准:

评委会将审核提交内容,并根据以下标准选出决赛入围者:
• 遵守所有提交要求
• 遵守设计参数
• 在确定的预算参数范围内具有可信的施工性
• 设计预期用途的适用性
• 美学价值
• 对所选定地段和场地的匹配性
• 实施无障碍和老龄化设计

竞赛网站:https://www.disruptivedesign-chi.org/

Submission: January 31, 2019
Registration: December 15, 2018
Language: English
Location: Concept
Prizes: Please see details below
Type: Open

Disruptive Design is a three-part design competition that seeks to address the challenges associated with designing and building affordable, owner-occupied housing. The competition was initiated by the Chicago Housing Policy Task Force — a diverse group of organizations invested in creating affordable housing in Chicago — and carried out by a team of individuals representing those organizations.
Architects, designers, students, and those invested in urban development are invited to submit their speculative ideas for an owner-occupied housing development incorporating a flexible architectural solution that encourages wealth-building through homeownership and entrepreneurship in Chicago. The competition will conclude with an occupant/buyer-ready prototype of the winning design.

THE CHALLENGE:
Cities across the country are observing a rapid decline in affordable homeownership options for first-time buyers and working families – defined here as buyers earning around 100% AMI. This represents a household of three earning about $75,000 in Chicago, or $61,000 nationally. In Chicago, the desire for affordable and accessible housing, with opportunities for flexibility and aging in place, is present in both gentrifying and underserved Chicago neighborhoods. In gentrifying areas, land values rise with desirability; in underserved areas, depreciated property and land values produce an appraisal gap that prohibits new development.
Further, the construction of new affordable, owner-occupied housing is expensive and only becoming costlier. As the cost of construction and labor increases and incomes do not grow at pace, the affordability gap between what young professionals, small families, or first-time homebuyers can afford and the cost of construction becomes apparent to both developers and buyers—it is no longer advantageous to build starter homes. Subsidies, while helpful, cannot be the only long-term solution to this issue.
Finally, recognizing that developing new housing in communities experiencing poverty can create economic stratification and gentrification, affordable housing solutions of the future must address how to build wealth and create healthy mixed-income communities.

THE DISRUPTION:
Architects must innovate for affordability, utilizing new construction materials and methods, and providing single-family homes with opportunities for live-work situations, growing families, aging in place, accessibility for people with disabilities, and a new focus on the “gig” economy. This competition seeks solutions to the affordable housing gap that would allow for the development of sustainable, affordable, replicable, dynamic and multi-faceted housing solutions that build wealth and opportunities for homeowners across Chicago. Submissions will yield a new housing typology infused with equity and possibility. Home designs submitted in this competition may not exceed a $250,000 sales price. The competition is divided into three phases, each of which asks submitters to consider ideas, design, and feasibility for actualization.

FEES
There are no fees associated with entering the competition.

ELIGIBILITY
This Design Competition is open to all with the following exclusions: • Entries shall not have been previously published in any competition publication, whether printed, online or otherwise • Entries shall not have been selected as finalists, winner, honorable mention, etc. in any other competition • It is strongly recommended that each team include a licensed architect in Phase 1. Those selected to continue on to Phase 2 will be required to include a licensed architect. The winning project must include or engage an architect licensed in the state of Illinois • Current employees of Disruptive Design funders, jurors, sponsors, or task force organizations are not eligible to enter. Teams submitting to Phase 1 will be required to sign a disclosure of non-affiliation prior to jurying

JUDGING CRITERIA
The jury will review the submission and select the finalists based on these criteria:
• Compliance with all submission requirements
• Adherence to the design parameters
• Believable constructability within identified budget parameters
• Suitability of design for intended use
• Aesthetic merit
• Responsiveness to neighborhood and site context for all selected lots
• Plans for accessibility and aging in place

competition’s website: https://www.disruptivedesign-chi.org/

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