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虫型展馆
Parasite Pavilion

由专筑网李韧,严越编译

茧工作坊来自于威尼斯双年展中国馆团队间的一次合作,其中有:姜珺 (《城市中国》杂志主编)、TCA Think Tank的创始人Pier Alessio Rizzardi、2009年深港建筑双年展团队以及WEAK建筑事务所的谢英俊等建筑师)。该项目最初是由WEAK建筑事务所为2009年深港建筑双年展所开发,主要表现了2014年威尼斯建筑双年展协作共生的主题。

The Bug Dome workshop was a moment of cooperation between the team of curators of the Chinese Pavilion of Venice Biennale: Jiang Jun, Director of Urban China Magazine, Pier Alessio Rizzardi, founder of TCA Think Tank, the team of the Shenzhen and Hong Kong BiCity Biennale, Ole Bauman, Du Juan, Ou Ning and Hsieh Ying Chun 謝英俊, Weak! Architects. The structure has been built for the meta-exhibition Synergy & Symbiosis Event that shows the best works of the five previous editions of the BiCity Biennale from 2005 to 2014.

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该工作坊基于2009年深港建筑双年展的经验,当时创造了一个小型装置,作为人们使用违章建筑的标志,为周围住宅及社交俱乐部所使用。这是一个举办会议、展览甚至辩论的场所,2009年举办了由WEAK建筑事务所的谢英俊先生、阮庆岳先生以及Marco Casagrand先生共同主持的概念发布会。

The workshop is based on the experience of self-construction took place in Shenzhen in 2009, which at that time had created an installation, small, spontaneous and illegal for residential and social club use. It was a place to host meetings, exhibitions, series of conferences and debates to divulge the concepts of Biourbanism and Urban Acupuncture supported by Hsieh Ying Chun 謝英俊, Weak! Architects designer, with Marco Casagrande, and Roan Ching-Yueh 阮慶岳 of the Cocoon Project in 2009.

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“虫型展馆”是建筑师谢英俊与TCA think tank(以pier alessio rizzardi和 zhang hankun 为首),以及来自欧洲、澳大利亚、中国的学生共同合作的成果。这件作品作为为期五天集中展示的“Bug Dome”的一部分,展示出2014威尼斯建筑双年展协作共生的主题。该结构位于中国馆外的花园空地上,吸引着来自贾尔迪尼和阿森纳展馆的游客,为游客提供了阴凉和庇护之所,与现代大部分展览馆不同的是,这座装置能够直接让人们体验建筑元素。

14th International Architecture Exhibition Fundamentals
The Parasite Installation is the outcome of the cooperation between the architect Hsieh Ying Chun 謝英俊 and TCA Think Tank, led by Pier Alessio Rizzardi and Zhang Hankun, together with students from Europe, Australia and China. The intensive five day’s workshop had created the installation of what has been renamed as Parasite Pavilion of the exhibition in Biennale. The parasite pavilion Workshop is organized to create the installation for the Synergy & Symbiosis event, which is realized on the vacuum in the garden outside the Chinese Pavilion to attract the visitors arriving from Giardini and Arsenale exhibition. The Dome offers shade, protection, a place where to escape from the great content of Absorbing Modernity exhibition, allowing direct experience to elements of architecture.

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这座虫型展馆本是为深圳市香港BiCity 双年展出展而设计的,用违章建筑的标志的小型装置由WEAK!建筑事务所所设计。如今,这个构筑物被用于传统空间的基本元素的物理研究,人们要深刻了解中国传统空间背后的基本概念才能产生更好的设计灵感。在其中,建筑师运用了一层非织造织物作为结构的支撑和地面的保护。在顶部,用定位金属拱脚确定坐标,建筑师运用了当地生产的材料,如电线,金属网和PVC管材,并将各种管道弯曲成拱形,以减轻结构的自重,同时构筑物自身也成为了威尼斯双年展室外展场的一件艺术品。

The Bug Dome Structure was originally developed for the Shenzhen Hong Kong BiCity Biennale in 2009 by WEAK! Architects as an icon of illegal architecture for the use of the people. Today the structure in Venice is used as a physical research of fundamental elements of the traditional space. Understanding the basic concepts behind traditional Chinese space creates the reference to developed the design. A layer of nonwoven textile makes the support of the structure and a protection of the ground. On the top, a metal net is the grid to locate the position of the feet of the arches using coordinates. The workshop uses contemporary and locally produced material, such as wires, metal nets and PVC pipes. The pipes are bent to create self-sustaining arches that guarantees zero impact, as well as a temporary environment for the fragile Venice Biennale venue.

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两道曲线引导着各个不同的几何体,从而形成构筑物的表面与边缘,结构与空间互为因果。3D模型中体现的拱门将根据一定的模数被切断,从而再将各个拱门置放于紧绷的电线上,这样既可以将拱门固定,也可以支撑起结构自身的重量。临时结构承担着拱门的重量,与此同时PVC管缠绕在拱门上,并用塑料管带牢牢固定。整个成品则是一个根据内部空间尺寸而有规律地进行变化的流线型作品。

内部空间由4个系统组成,每个系统由重复的拱门按韵律排列,从而创建不同尺度的元素架构。它的入口展示了自身形态,吸引游客在周围环绕参观,隐藏主要空间,激发游客内心的好奇,从而推动内部探索。一条走廊通向主要空间,当地面的纹理变大时,尺度也变得更宽,在人们心中产生不同的尺度感,继而造成不同的空间体验。出口部分将顶部压低,将人们的视线引导向河对岸,从心理上使得人们回到双年展的场所环境中。

穹顶空间是一种由传统出发而又超越传统的建筑形式和构图实验,以期将人们带入传统的中国式建筑空间。

The geometry follows two guiding curves defining the surface edges coming from the interaction between the existing structure and composition of the internal space. The 3d model shows the length of the arches and they are cut according to the measures. At this point the arches are ready to be put in tension with wires and fixed to the support creating the self-sustaining system. Temporary structures bear the arches meanwhile pvc pipes are weaved on the arches and fixed using plastic pipe tie. The finishing is a gradient of sizes of gravel placed on the ground according to scale of the interior spaces.
The interior is the result of 4 systems shaped by a single element as curved mesh, creating different elements of the architecture. The entrance shows itself, inviting visitors to be adsorbed from the surrounding, hiding the main room and creating expectation, pushing the inside exploration. The corridor opens to the main space, where the scale gets wider as the texture of the ground gets bigger, changing the equilibrium and the sound of the experience.
The space recompresses next to the exit outlining the view of the Arsenale watchtower on the other side of the canal and bringing back the visitors to the Venice Biennale environment.
The Dome is an experimentation that goes beyond traditional architectural form and composition to foresee fundamental aspects for Chinese architectural space.

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公司:TCA Think Tank
类型:文化 › 展览馆
状态:在建
年份:2014年
尺寸:0-1000㎡
预算:$ 0 - 10000

FIRM: TCA Think Tank
TYPE: Cultural › Pavilion
STATUS: Built
YEAR: 2014
SIZE: 0 sqft - 1000 sqft
BUDGET: $0 - 10K
               

出处:本文译自architizer.com/,转载请注明出处。

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