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Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第1张图片

Itoi Elementary School

由专筑网罗晓茜,刘庆新编译

这是一所很小的学校,每个年级大约只有十个学生。由于与邻镇的合并,小学之前的名字Asahi已经被取消。然而,这所学校有着悠久的历史,这个项目旨在更新学校建筑,并作为城市的象征,成为未来几代人对城市的回忆。我们的设计必须考虑到室外活动这个因素,因为学校位于极其寒冷、下雪的地区,用地也有限,大多数活动都是在室内完成。

From the architect. This is a small elementary school with approximately ten students in each grade. A merger with neighboring towns has led to the disappearance of the former name of the town, Asahi. However, the school has a long history, and this project aimed to renew the school building as a symbol of the town for future generations. Our design had to take into account the fact that activities outside of the school buildings are extremely limited in cold, snowy areas and most activities have to be done indoors.

Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第2张图片
© Shinkenchiku-sha

Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第3张图片
Floor Plan/平面图

Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第4张图片
© Shinkenchiku-sha & Koji Sakai

此外,创建一个家庭式的、具有团结感的独特的小学校也十分重要,大约十几个教师组成一个团队,参与到所有的孩子活动当中。因此,我们的设计是一个紧凑的平面规划,包含了体育馆在内,通过连廊式的布局并将其他零散的区域作为教学空间,从而获得足够的内部空间。我们还试图建造适合当地的可持续发展建筑。注重降低热负荷的同时,使建筑结构紧凑,我们的设计使得建筑能自然采光和通风。另外,屋檐和穿孔隔板的安装是为了防止悬雪。

Also, it was important to create a family-like sense of unity unique to a small school in which a dozen or so teachers form one team and engage with all of the children. Therefore, our design comprised a compact floor plan that integrated the gymnasium into the school building, and adequate interior space was obtained by using corridors and other areas as teaching space rather than having them solely dedicated to movement. We also sought to make the building sustainable in a way that is appropriate to the region. While focusing on reducing the heating load by making the building compact, our design allows natural sunlight and cross-ventilation in the building. Also, eaves and perforated screens were installed to prevent overhanging snow.

Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第5张图片
© Koji Sakai

Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第6张图片
Section/剖面图

Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第7张图片
© Koji Sakai

为了建立一个大型的屋顶,设计师使用当地生产的jezo云杉、库页岛冷杉,混合使用了钢筋混凝土和钢结构,以降低木材的部分荷载。减轻屋顶的框架,减少所需的墙壁体积,同时增加平面中的自由度,创造了一个空间,其中的光和流动的空气是通畅无阻的。通过在木材之间的开口,自然光进入室内并在地板上创造了不同的光影。我们的设计包括一个详细的平面,并根据光线分布的模拟进行家具的摆放,不过,它也可以根据生活空间自由移动,因为随着季节和一天时间的变化,光也在变化。

In order to build a large roof using locally- produced laminated lumber of Jezo spruce and Sakhalin fir, a hybrid, reinforced concrete and steel structure that reduces the load on the wood sections was employed. Lightening the framework of the roof reduced the required wall volume and, as well as increasing the amount of freedom in the floor plan, created a space in which the light and the flow of air are unobstructed. Natural light coming through the openings between the laminated lumber creates varying patterns of light and shade on the floor surface. Our design included a detailed plan of the furniture layout based on a simulation of the light distribution; however, it also allows for free movement of the living space as the light changes with the time of day and the seasons.

Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第8张图片
© Shinkenchiku-sha

Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第9张图片
© Koji Sakai

Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第10张图片
© Koji Sakai

Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第11张图片
© Koji Sakai

Itoi小学/ Atelier BNK第12张图片
© Koji Sakai

•        建筑设计:Atelier BNK
•        地点:日本,北海道州
•        面积:3893平方米
•        项目时间;2008年
•        照片:Shinkenchiku-sha, Koji Sakai
•        合作者:Kanebako Structural Engineers, SOGO Consultrants

•        Architects: Atelier BNK
•        Location: Shibetsu, Hokkaido Prefecture, Japan
•        Area: 3893.0 sqm
•        Project Year: 2008
•        Photographs: Shinkenchiku-sha, Koji Sakai
•        Collaborators: Kanebako Structural Engineers, SOGO Consultrants


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。


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