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甘多小学扩建校舍/ Kéré Architecture第1张图片

Primary School in Gando Extension

由专筑网骆馨燕,刘庆新编译

来自事物所的描述。在甘多小学建成的两年后,该小学已经接收了来自甘多及周围地区超过260名的学生。随着教育需求的增加,学校扩建刻不容缓。在周边村落的大力支持下,我们运用当地的材料及劳动力建成了扩建的新校舍。

From the architect. Two years after the completion of the Primary School, there was demand from more than 260 children from Gando and the surrounding region to attend the school. It quickly became apparent that an extension was badly needed to service the educational needs of these students. With overwhelming support from surrounding villages, this School Extension was built using local labor and materials.

甘多小学扩建校舍/ Kéré Architecture第2张图片
© Erik-Jan Ouwerkerk

甘多小学扩建校舍/ Kéré Architecture第3张图片
Plan/平面图

在和甘多社区成员的共同努力下,该小学已经成为了当地一个重要的地标。建筑材料的质感和建筑形式语言体现了甘多当地社区的特点,因此新扩建的校舍也沿用了同样的原则和方法,和原来的校舍一样,使用了手工压实的土砖建造。还采用了将热铁皮屋顶和内部穿孔天花板分开的通风策略。

As the Primary School was built in close conjunction with Gando community members, the building became an important identifying landmark in the region. Since the material quality and architectural expression of the building became such a strong symbol for the Gando community itself, the new extension was designed with the same principles and methods. Similarly to the Primary School, the School Extension was also built with hand-made compressed stabilized earth blocks. The ventilation strategy of pulling the hot tin roof away from the inner perforated ceiling was also used.

甘多小学扩建校舍/ Kéré Architecture第4张图片
© Erik-Jan Ouwerkerk

和小学不同的是,扩建校舍的天花板被设计成单独的拱顶。这个具有标志性的拱顶中间有缝隙留出通风,通过砖砌的排列方式建成。这个可以“呼吸”的表面可以让冷空气从窗户进入室内,并将热空气从这些通风口中排出,同时高高在上的屋顶保证了整个校舍都处于遮阳避雨的状态。

Unlike the Primary School, however, the ceiling of the Extension was designed as a singular vault. Rather than leaving reveals between the ceiling surface and beam elements, the monumental vault was constructed with gaps within the weave of the brick pattern of the ceiling. This ‘breathing’ surface draws cool air from the windows into the interior space and allows hot air to escape through the ventilations, all while remaining shaded and protected from damaging rains by the overhanging roof.

甘多小学扩建校舍/ Kéré Architecture第5张图片
© Erik-Jan Ouwerkerk

甘多小学扩建校舍/ Kéré Architecture第6张图片
Section/剖面图

甘多小学扩建校舍/ Kéré Architecture第7张图片
© Erik-Jan Ouwerkerk

扩建的校舍在2008年完工建成,额外为120名学生提供了就学机会。甘多小学图书馆现在正在施工,位于扩建校舍旁边,计划在2015年投入使用。

The School Extension was completed in 2008 and now supports an additional 120 students. The Gando School Library is currently under construction and is sited directly adjacent to the School Extension. The Library is scheduled to be ready for occupancy in 2015.

甘多小学扩建校舍/ Kéré Architecture第8张图片
© Erik-Jan Ouwerkerk

甘多小学扩建校舍/ Kéré Architecture第9张图片
© Erik-Jan Ouwerkerk

建筑设计:Kéré Architecture  
项目地点:Burkina Faso
面积:318平方米
建造年份:2008年
摄影:Erik-Jan Ouwerkerk

Architects: Kéré Architecture
Location: Burkina Faso
Area: 318.0 sqm
Project Year: 2008
Photographs: Erik-Jan Ouwerkerk


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

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