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马岩松公布卢卡斯叙事艺术博物馆设计方案/ MAD Architects第1张图片
                        © Lucas Museum of Narrative Arts

中国建筑师马岩松设计的卢卡斯叙事艺术博物馆(Lucas Museum of Narrative Art,简称LMNA)在芝加哥公布了概念设计方案。这座展现叙事、电影和数码艺术的博物馆,坐落于美国芝加哥市中心密西根湖畔的博物馆公园。博物馆的设计犹如一片漂浮在基地上的白色山峦,它柔和地屹立于大地,轻触水面,同时向天际伸展;它具有自然的形态,又充满未来感。从某种联系来讲,小的“山峦”设有教室、讲堂和图书馆,承担着该建筑的教育功能。当人们到达这座白色山峦的“顶峰”,将进入一个幻境般的漂浮360度全景观景台,欣赏整个博物馆公园的滨水美景以及芝加哥令人激动的天际线。
     马岩松的设计理念是要让这座博物馆成为一个整体连续的场所体验,把周围的城市空间与环境融为一体,让博物馆成为人与自然相遇的大地艺术。
     先来看看马岩松的设计方案是怎样捕获了乔治•卢卡斯的心?


The design for Chicago‘s Lucas Museum of Narrative Arts has been revealed, with MAD Architects unveiling their plans for a sculptural white “mountain,” rising from the site to be topped by a metallic crown. Designed as a landscape that can be approached from all sides, with the main entrance located on a ‘floating’ public plaza accessed via a network of ramps and steps, the building is organized around a central domed lobby and events space, with four stories of gallery spaces, a set of four theaters, and at the top of the building an observation deck and glass-encased restaurant. In a connected, smaller “mountain” are the building’s educational functions, with classrooms, lecture theaters and a library.
Speaking to ArchDaily from Chicago, director of MAD Architects Ma Yansong explained how he wanted the design “to be futuristic but at the same time to be natural,” connecting with the landscape of the waterfront site.
More about the design from Ma Yansong after the break.

马岩松公布卢卡斯叙事艺术博物馆设计方案/ MAD Architects第2张图片
                        © Lucas Museum of Narrative Arts

马岩松在描述对该建筑的感受时讲道:“一进入大楼,你就会发现内部空间所表达出的对神秘未来的敏感和勇敢探索。因为它拥有一个被称为“城市天穹”的巨大穹窿,这里可举行临时展览,音乐会等多种城市活动。穹顶中央,天光倾泻而下,激发人们往上走的好奇心,去探索叙事艺术的历史。半球形的中央空间就像是一个“客厅”,在这里可以与与公众互动,完成其作为艺术机构的使命。”


“When people enter the building they will arrive on the dome level, and they will see this huge space with natural light coming down from the top,” says Ma Yansong, describing the experience of the building. “This space is a lobby for the museum, but also it’s a space for temporary exhibitions and events, it’s a multi-function space,” he adds, describing the domed central space as a “living room” within the city for citizens to enjoy.

马岩松公布卢卡斯叙事艺术博物馆设计方案/ MAD Architects第3张图片
                        © Lucas Museum of Narrative Arts

该建筑的外立面就像是 “无缝”连接,又像是建筑物的不透明墙壁——旨在防止外部紫外线。而这样的外观与周围的绿地和露天剧场合并在一起显得非常和谐。这一景观是由Studio Gang工作室提议的,该工作室还被卢卡斯博物馆邀请设计连接博物馆和附近Notherly岛的景观桥。他们花了数年将Notherly岛建造成一个生态城市公园。


Yansong describes the external experience of the building as “seamless,” as the opaque walls of the building – designed to protect the exhibits from external light – merge with the surrounding green spaces and amphitheaters. This landscape will also feature contributions from Studio Gang, who were selected by the Lucas Museum to design a bridge connecting the museum site with the nearby Notherly Island, an area which they have spent years turning into an ecological urban park.

马岩松公布卢卡斯叙事艺术博物馆设计方案/ MAD Architects第4张图片
                        © Lucas Museum of Narrative Arts

北京马岩松领衔的MAD事务在5月份就被选中了设计卢卡斯博物馆,当被问到是什么影响了卢卡斯博物馆的设计策略随着城市变化而变化时,Skywalker Properties Angelo Garcia讲道:“乔治•卢卡斯和我同时有一个挑战自己的想法,就是想建造一座拥有现代化标志性的建筑。问题是,旧金山的费舍尔博物馆不算是一个积极的经验,如果我们要继续前进,我们应该更多地转向,更适合Presidio的建筑,或有已经围绕Presidio的区域内使用。”
     与芝加哥在过去一百年所创造的现代主义建筑文明的辉煌相比,卢卡斯叙事艺术博物馆这座把自然和人、记忆与想象力紧密联系在一起的博物馆,其更为重要的使命是激发出下一代年轻人心中对未来的渴望。


MAD Architects were selected to design the Lucas Museum in July, after the museum’s doomed plan for a site on the Presidio in San Francisco, a much more conservative design. Asked what influenced the Lucas Museum’s change of design tactic to go with the change of city, president of Skywalker Properties Angelo Garcia, told ArchDaily: “George [Lucas] and I approached the Presidio Trust board with the idea of doing a competition, exactly like we did here, and have a modern iconic building. The problem was that San Francisco was just coming out of a not very positive experience with the Fisher museum, so they told us if we were going to move forward that we should go more towards an architecture that would fit within the Presidio, or that has been used within the area around the Presidio.
“We always hoped and we always had in mind the idea of having a competition like this, so we could get some of the younger, more futuristic architects going and giving us a building of the 21st century.”

马岩松公布卢卡斯叙事艺术博物馆设计方案/ MAD Architects第5张图片
                        © Lucas Museum of Narrative Arts

MAD建筑事务所以创新的设计和“将城市空间与自然景观融为一体”的理念而胜出。“建筑作为景观”的理念呼应了威尼斯双年展中山水城市的理念展示,因为在威尼斯双年展中,建筑物的形状就引用了中国传统绘画的风景。


Back in July, MAD Architects was selected “because of its innovative approach to design and the firm’s philosophy of connecting urban spaces to natural landscapes,” and they have certainly delivered on that promise. The design concept of ‘building-as-landscape’ (with Ma Yansong consistently referring to the structure as a mountain) contains hints of the Shanshui City concept presented at the Venice Biennale, a design where the shape of the buildings references the landscapes of traditional Chinese Paintings.

马岩松公布卢卡斯叙事艺术博物馆设计方案/ MAD Architects第6张图片
                        © Lucas Museum of Narrative Arts

马岩松讲道:“我觉得融入自然的概念就是对当今建筑的一个普遍的挑战,特别是在芝加哥,因为这座城市有着丰富的建筑史,所以你可以看到现代的许多伟大的建筑。现在,我想我们希望能继续这一传统,新的建筑必须代表着未来,这样建筑文化就会更加融入未来。 ”
     在卢卡斯博物馆,MAD建筑师事务所一定有合适的客户来开发这一新的体系结构,那就是乔治•路卡斯。马岩松说:“我认为乔治•路卡斯是一个非常充满未来感的人,未来派不仅是外观,而且还包括你如何吸引年轻人,使他们不仅好奇地发现这个空间和出现在博物馆里的一切事物。”


“I think the idea of nature is a universal challenge for today’s architecture,” says Yansong. “Especially for Chicago, the city has a rich architectural history, so you see a lot of great architecture from the modern time, and now I think we want to continue this legacy. This new architecture has to announce the future, for architecture culture to become more futuristic.”
At the Lucas Museum, MAD Architects certainly had the right client to develop this new architecture. “I think he [George Lucas] is a very futuristic person,” says Yansong. “I think futuristic is not only about the look, it’s also about how you can attract young people and make people curious so they want to discover not only the space but also the content they are showing in the museum.”

马岩松公布卢卡斯叙事艺术博物馆设计方案/ MAD Architects第7张图片
                        © Lucas Museum of Narrative Arts

芝加哥在建筑方面有很多遗产,我认为在我们城市这是值得荣耀的建筑,甚至在世界上也是如此,这些就启发我们喜欢考虑设计问题。所以从这个角度来看,我们渴望的建筑是将呈现崭新的面貌的建筑,能推动建筑的下一个浪潮。我认为马岩松就在做着这项伟大的工作,相信他能设计出极具未来感的建筑。


“Chicago has always had a strong legacy for architecture,” adds Mike Toolis, the Chairman and CEO of the project’s architect of record, VOA. “We think here in our city that we glorify architecture and recognize it probably as well as any city in the world, and we like to think that design matters. So from that perspective, our aspiration for the building is that it will represent a new look and the next wave of what the future might be, and I think Ma’s done a great job of finding an architecture that is representative of what the future might bring.”

出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。
编辑:刘庆新
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