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元素向来都不只是“拿来主义”,我们需要有思考第1张图片


墨西哥Volta 住宅
Volta House / Ambrosi I Etchegaray

由专筑网王沛儒,小R编译

来自建筑事务所的描述。人们首先注意到的是,在沿海场地密集的植物中部漂浮着三个砖砌拱顶。也许这是湿热环境产生的海市蜃楼幻觉。然后,沿着一条小路深入植被深处,拱顶消失了,一块空地出现在人们眼前,令人惊讶的是,一个小板凳出现在一个池塘旁边,池塘两边是对称的圆柱和它在水面上的倒影。人们仿佛来到了一座废弃的古典庙宇。

Text description provided by the architects. The first thing one notices approaching Casa Volta are three brick vaults floating in the middle of the dense Oaxacan coastal vegetation. Maybe it is just a mirage provoked by the heat and humidity of this place. Afterwards, following a small path deep into the vegetation, the vaults disappear. Then a clearing opens, and surprisingly a small bench appears next to a long pond surrounded on both sides by symmetrical columns and its reflections on the water. It seems that one has arrived to an abandoned classical temple.

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这座住宅有着严谨的秩序。它有着矩形平面,细分为六个交替的矩形区域,即三个开放的庭院,三个由拱顶覆盖的空间。其中两个房间都带有浴室,这两个房间门的材质分别是木材和芦苇,厨房、起居室和用餐区位于第三个矩形空间,一直处于开放状态。最中心的位置是水,它是一个固定存在的元素,呼应了附近的海洋,即使从这里并不能看到海洋,但是距离它只有300英尺。经济适用的环境决定了这座建筑的重要性,Case Wabi地基就在附近,它是一个烧制粘土的地方,在施工的时候,那里有可以回收利用的剩余砖块。于是,建筑师就产生了在混凝土结构上用粘土着色的砖拱顶的想法。这个简单的施工方法,可以帮助完成紧张的施工进度。另一方面,拱顶和两侧的芦苇格子让大量的风可以在封闭空间内流动,而水则使外部焕然一新。所有这些的一切都在同一时间产生了温暖和新鲜的氛围。

The house has a rigorous, Kahnian order. It is a rectangular plan subdivided in six alternating rectangular areas: three open courtyards, and three spaces covered by the vaults. The rooms and its bathrooms are located in two of them which open and close with timber and reed doors; the kitchen and living and dining area are located in the third one, which is always open. And at the centre of everything, water, as a constant presence, as a reminder of the closeness of the sea, that even if it can’t be seen from here, is just a mere 300 feet away. A practical and economical circumstance determined the materiality of this house. Foundation Casa Wabi is located nearby, a place where clay is fired, and where at the time of the construction there were leftover bricks available for recycling. So, the idea of using brick vaults built on top of a concrete structure pigmented with clay colour emerged. A simple construction method that would allow to fulfil the tight construction schedule. On the other hand, the vaults, along with the reed lattices on their sides, make the wind flow profusely in the closed spaces, while water refreshes the exteriors. All of this produces an atmosphere of warmth and freshness at the same time.

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Volta住宅证明,建筑和自然之间的适当关系只有用少数经过深思熟虑的元素来实现,而建设性的秩序与周围明显的混乱并不矛盾,相反,它们可以互补和模仿,还可以以一种和谐的方式融合在一起。这也在提醒人们,简洁的东西更加优雅。这座建筑不仅仅是一座房子,它也是这个丛林中的小小文明港湾,如果海德格尔要来热带旅行,他一定会居住在这里。

Casa Volta is the proof that an adequate relationship between architecture and nature can be achieved with few well-thought elements, that constructive order is not in contradiction with the apparent chaos that surrounds it, on the contrary, they can merge in a harmonious way. It is also a reminder that simplicity is always elegant. More than a house, this building is a small haven of civilization in the middle of the jungle, the cabin where Heidegger would have taken shelter if he had a more tropical vocation.

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建筑设计:Ambrosi I Etchegaray
类型:住宅
地点:墨西哥
面积:120.0平方米
年份:2018年
照片拍摄:Jaime Navarro, Sergio López
首席建筑师:Jorge Ambrosi, Gabriela Etchegaray
设计团队:Ivo Martins, Santiago Bonilla

Architects: Ambrosi I Etchegaray
Location: Mexico
Category: Houses
Area: 120.0 ㎡
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: Jaime Navarro, Sergio López
Lead architects: Jorge Ambrosi, Gabriela Etchegaray
Design team: Ivo Martins, Santiago Bonilla

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