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打破常规,另辟蹊径丨Haus山墙住宅第1张图片


Haus Gables / MALL

由专筑网王沛儒,李韧编译

来自建筑事务所的描述。这座面积2200平方英尺(约204.38平方米)的住宅选用的材料、色材和形式对于室内环境来说都是一个挑战,它由交叉叠层木材(CLT)建造。这是一种非常坚固的木材材料,用相互交错摆放的木材粘合在一起而制成。

Text description provided by the architects. The 2,200-square-foot home challenges the domestic interior through materiality, color, and form. It is one of only two residences in the country made of cross laminated timber (CLT), an exceptionally strong wood material produced by gluing together layers of lumber that alternate in direction.

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这座建筑毗邻亚特兰大环线,为单户家庭住宅,六个山墙屋顶组合成建筑屋顶形态。为了呼应诸如柯布西耶所提倡的自由平面的空间形式,建筑师通过对屋顶的把控来构成建筑的内部空间。这种方法就是按照屋顶的平面图在室内划分相应的区域,例如楼梯、阁楼或者复式空间,使住宅平面和屋顶线条相对应,让空间平面与屋顶相协调。

For this single family home adjacent to the Atlanta Beltline, a cluster of six gable roofs are combined to form a single roof. In an attempt to rework spatial paradigms of the past, such as Le Corbusier’s free plan and Aldof Loos’s raumplan, Bonner offers the roof plan as a way to organize architecture. Here, the roof plan establishes rooms, catwalks, and double height spaces in the interior by aligning these spaces to ridges and valleys in the roof above. In this case, the floor plan is a result of the roof.

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建筑师应用不对称形式取代了传统的山墙立面,墙体与屋面如同经过修建而相交,因此建筑的四个立面都有着不规则的形态,另外,屋顶的坡度也相较于其他建筑更加大一些。建筑位于24英尺(约7.3米)宽的地块上,建筑宽度为18英尺(约5.4米),规模类似宽敞的活动空间。这座住宅的屋顶形式呼应了密集的城市环境。

From a curb-side view, an asymmetrical and unfamiliar form replaces the traditional gable elevation house, as if the usual form were clipped. Strange profiles emerge on all four elevations as the six gable roofs are cut at the perimeter’s massing. Other slight alterations to the ordinary include roof pitches which are much steeper than those found in industry standards. The house, which sits on a 24-foot wide plot, has a width of 18 feet, the same size as a single wide mobile home. The uncharacteristically slim home generates ideas for the applicability of the roof plan to denser urban environments.

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所有的墙体、地板和屋顶都由实心CLT面板制成,CLT面板广泛用于建筑之中,但对美国市场来说,这却是一种新材料。CLT面板经过定制切割,悬挂,再经过14天的组装,这种材料的使用使得建筑不需要使用木结构框架,因此这些面板在结构上也具有创造性,同时也大大改变了人们对于这种材料的看法。在建筑外部和部分室内空间,建筑师通过一系列人工饰面,从而进行材料的概念性探索,并且还应用了美国南部的传统人工饰面的工艺流程。就历史而言,这种方式是由于当时的人们无法负担过于昂贵的材料,因此而相处的替代做法。另外,建筑师还运用了流行文化中的现代“色块”技术。

All exterior and interior walls, floors, and roof are made of solid CLT panels, a material widely used in construction overseas but is new to the US market. Custom Cut, hoisted into place, and assembled in fourteen days’ time, the CLT in Haus Gables enables a solid house that eschews stick frame construction. Structurally inventive, the panels also promote a monolithic view of the material from the domestic interior. Haus Gables further engages in the conceptual exploration of materiality through a series of faux finishes that clad the exterior and parts of the interior. Bonner reworks the old tradition of faux finishing in the American South, historically stemming from an inability to afford precious materials and the subsequent desire to “fake it,” as well as utilizes a more contemporary technique of “color blocking” currently found in pop culture.

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从外观上看,房子的两侧覆盖着人造面砖,这种砖由玻璃灰泥饰面制作而成,表面的玻璃珠产生闪闪发光的效果。在其内部,黑色水磨石未经浇筑与抛光,看起来如同薄瓦,而定向刨花板(OSB)也被瓷砖所取代。卧室和相邻浴室的大理石饰面应用了乙烯基和卡通风格的画纸,而不是常规的意大利大理石。灰色混凝土、黄色乙烯基大理石和黑色水磨石按照一定的顺序排列在墙壁上,看起来很像护壁板,有几处较长的面板贯穿整个房间,形成了色块效果。这些人造装饰看起来好像是对空间的划分,但实际上又不会起到直接的限定作用。

On the exterior, two sides of the house are covered in faux bricks made of stucco dash finish of glass beads that produces a glittery effect. Inside, black terrazzo is not poured in place and polished, but applied as a thin tile, while oriented strand board (OSB) is replaced by ceramic tiles in the image of OSB. Marble finishes in the bedroom and adjacent bathroom are made of unlikely materials, including vinyl and cartoonish drawings, rather than the oft desired, real Italian marble. Areas of grey concrete, yellow vinyl marble, and black terrazzo line some walls much like wainscoting, with several long views through the house allowing for a color block effect. These faux finishes seem to indicate spatial divisions, when in reality they do not correspond to the actual boundaries of any room.

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建筑师在作品中大胆地运用材料、形式和颜色,进一步激活了室内空间。通过非常规材料的使用和不同寻常的屋顶设计,Haus山墙住宅项目探索了空间组织、形式和材料在建筑中的使用新方式。

The interior is further activated by a range of furnishings from female designers who boldly utilize material, form, and color in their work. With the use of unconventional materials and an unusual roof design, Haus Gables is an exploration of new ways that spatial organization, form, and material might function in a home.

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建筑设计:MALL
项目位置:美国,亚特兰大
项目类型:住宅
项目面积:2200平方英尺(约204.38平方米)
项目年份:2018年
照片摄影:NAARO, Timothy Hursley
制造商: HAY, Kartell, muuto, Stone Source, VaproShield
建筑室内设计:Jennifer Bonner, Director of MALL
联合建筑设计:Olinger Architects
立面研究:Alex Timmer
景观设计:Carley Rickles
结构工程:AKT II (Hanif Kara), Bensonwood, PEC Structural Engineering, and Fire Tower
总承包商:Principle Builders Group
CLT 制造商:KLH USA
CLT 装置专员:Terry Ducatt
木产品专员:7 Seas Group USA
土木工程:Crescent View Engineering
机械系统:Emily McGlohn

Architects: MALL
Location: Atlanta, United States
Category: Houses
Area: 2200.0 ft2
Project Year: 2018
Photographs: NAARO, Timothy Hursley
Manufacturers: HAY, Kartell, muuto, Stone Source, VaproShield
Architecture and Interior Design: Jennifer Bonner, Director of MALL
Associate Architect: Olinger Architects
Facade Research: Alex Timmer
Landscape Design: Carley Rickles
Structural Engineers: AKT II (Hanif Kara), Bensonwood, PEC Structural Engineering, and Fire Tower
General Contractor: Principle Builders Group
CLT Manufacturer: KLH USA
CLT Installation Specialist: Terry Ducatt
Wood Products Specialist: 7 Seas Group USA
Civil Engineer: Crescent View Engineering
Mechanical Systems: Emily McGlohn

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