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Nieuwegein, Blooming Town

由专筑网pilewyj,李韧编译

在70年代,荷兰尼沃海恩市曾有一座购物中心。如今,这座购物中心开始有着美学和功能上的突破。这一远景也促成了B+B事务所的设计方案的提出,该方案在该地区及周边地区规划开创了一个以“怒放”为主题的公共空间的概念。强调“开花”这一主题将是该概念方案的核心内容。人行道上的花卉和树枝形成统一的空间格局,这些景观策略也会发生在停车场的上部,有着大量的绿篱。季节性植物能够激发该地区的活力。购物中心街区由三个广场和林荫道组成,每一条林荫道都有各自的特色。种植层的高低变化和植株种类的变化,共同塑造“花城”的盛开景象。

The city of Nieuwegein built a shopping center in the seventies that has slowly become aesthetically and functionally. This led to B+B developing the concept of creating a new `Blooming′ public space surrounding the area. The vision consisted of stressing this aspect of ‘bloom’. The pavement has been given a pattern of flowers and branches that unite the space, and, on top of a parking deck, raised planting compartments are placed to revive the area by giving color throughout the seasons. The center is divided into three squares and one boulevard, which each have their individual characteristics and material due to height differences and variations in planting combining to illustrate the main image of a ‘Blooming City’.

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演替与变迁

和其他许多新兴城镇一样,尼沃海恩的旧购物中心,也将改造成繁华都市核心地区。B+B事务所、UN工作室和Michael van Gessel共同合作,强化了市政府提出的发展理念,改变最初70年代的城市布局。未来规划的购物中心由大型开放空间和多功能综合空间组成。商业空间将着重加倍,增加了公寓、办公室、市政厅、剧院、电影院、音乐中心和图书馆等功能性场所,也为该区域提供了多种多样的活动可能。

Transformation
Like many other New Towns, Nieuwegein was faced with the challenge of transforming the old shopping center into a bustling city center. Bureau B+B strengthened the municipality’s development concept, in cooperation with UNStudio and Michael van Gessel. The original seventies lay-out was drastically altered. The updated shopping center is composed of a greater open atmosphere and an increase in multi-functional space. The space for businesses has doubled, and the addition of apartments, offices, a town hall, theatre, cinema, music center and library create a diversity of activities that contribute to the space.

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盛花停车场

打造花城形象是重建市中心项目的主要诉求。因此设计师从蓬勃发展的购物中心的角度上来回应这一主题,从字面上理解,这座城市就是花团锦簇的地方。新城市中心位于一个抬升的停车平台上,因此有着凸起的绿篱。设计师选择了一系列的植物组合,因为这种植物在全年都有吸引人的色彩。绿篱和街道小品共同成为街头的流动画面,铺装则由天然的石材和抽象的花卉、树枝图案组成。

Blooming parking deck
A ‘Blooming City’ was the vision for the redevelopment of the city center. This can be can be interpreted figuratively in the sense of a booming shopping center, but also literally as a place with many flowers. The position of the new city center on a raised parking deck, made it necessary to construct raised planting compartments. A combination of plants was chosen that continuously give color throughout the seasons. The planting compartments and the street furniture are integrated into the flowing surface, which is composed of a natural stone pavement with a pattern of abstract flowers and branches.

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三个广场和一条林荫大道

市中心分为几个不同的广场,即购物广场、城市广场、市场广场和城市大道。高低起伏的林冠线赋予了每一个广场自身的特色。购物广场有上下两层,它们都配备了宽敞的户外楼梯、电梯和自动扶梯,起到了连接的作用。种植槽里的多年生植物和常绿植物使上层建筑绿意盎然,而被各式花朵装点的围墙则主要安置在下层建筑上。

Three Squares and a Boulevard
The city center is divided into a number of different squares: the Shopping Plaza, the City Square, the Market Square and the City Boulevard. Height differences and variation in planting give each square its own character.The shopping plaza has an upper and a lower level that are connected by wide theatrical stair, an elevator and an escalator. Planting compartments with perennials and bulbs give the upper level a green character while a designed flower-patterned fence has been placed on the lower level.

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城市广场是一座城市最具有代表性的元素,它同时也是市政厅和剧院的入口。每周六这里将举行各种活动与集市。各个种植岛上的开花树全年都有季相变化,这些种植岛也为游客提供了一个可以坐下来欣赏城市大道景色的地方。市场周边配有餐厅、咖啡馆和商店,供人停坐。一群群低矮开花的玉兰营造出亲密的氛围。抬高的种植岛为树木的根系提供了足够的生长空间。树丛的边缘也与长凳结合,吸引人们驻足停留。行人将通过蜿蜒上升的街道到达广场。

城市大道上分为自行车道和人行道,它们滨临运河。广场和带座位的码头构成了滨水休闲的好去处。由于新港口的开发,游船现在也能在市中心附近靠岸,为游人提供便捷。

The City Square is a representative space, where the entrances to the City Hall and the theater are located. It offers room for events and for a market every Saturday. The flowering trees in the various islands provide color throughout the year. These tree islands offer visitors a place to sit and enjoy the view of the City Boulevard.
The Market square is a space with restaurants, cafés, and shops. Groups of low and flowering magnolias make an intimate atmosphere. The elevated ground level surrounding the trees provides them with enough room for their roots to grow. The rim around the tree clusters is also an inviting bench. Pedestrians pass through a winding, rising street level to reach the plaza.
The City Boulevard contains a bicycle and a footpath alongside the canal ‘de Doorslag’. The square and the quay with seating create a pleasant place to relax by the side of the water. Due to new moorings, pleasure boats can now visit the center.

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项目信息:
项目位置:荷兰,尼沃海恩
项目建设时间:2007年-2015年
项目委托方:尼沃海恩市市政府
项目花费:8500000欧元
项目面积:40350平方米

Location: Binnenstede, Nieuwegein, Netherlands
constructed: 2007-2015  
Client: Municipality of Nieuwegein
Cost: 8.500.000,-
Area: 40.350 ㎡

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