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斯蒂夫•霍尔新作|在12世纪古老建筑旁会发光的Maggie中心第1张图片

斯蒂文•霍尔(Steven Holl)在英国最古老的医院旁边建造了会发光的Maggie中心
Steven Holl completes luminous Maggie's Centre next to Britain's oldest hospital

由专筑网缕夕,李韧编译

美国建筑师斯蒂文•霍尔(Steven Holl)设计的伦敦Maggie癌症患者中心开放使用,其立面主要由一块半透明的白色玻璃包裹,透出里面的彩色几何图形面板。

位于纽约的霍尔将其想象成“容器中的容器”,这个会发光的建筑物由一个混凝土框架、一层竹木和一层哑光玻璃组成。

它位于伦敦西北部的圣巴塞洛缪医院,该医院建立于12世纪,是英国最古老的医院。

American architect Steven Holl has unveiled his Maggie's Centrefor cancer patients in London, featuring a facade of translucent white glass dotted with coloured panels.
Imagined by New York-based Holl as a "vessel within a vessel within a vessel", the luminous Maggie's Barts features a concrete frame, a layer of bamboo wood and a skin of matt glass.
It is located at St Bartholomew's Hospital in northwest London – a facility that was founded in the 12th century, making it the oldest hospital in Britain.

斯蒂夫•霍尔新作|在12世纪古老建筑旁会发光的Maggie中心第2张图片

Maggie中心为癌症患者提供免费的社交和情感上的帮助。英国各地已经有一些这样的机构,由罗杰斯事务所、OMA和Snøhetta等建筑事务所进行设计。

霍尔的设计歌颂了这座中世纪建筑遗产。几何外观仿照中世纪记录音乐的方法“Neume Notation”。立面上90厘米垂直间隔的线条,穿插着多彩的玻璃面板。

霍尔描述说道:“‘Neume’一词源自希腊语,意思是‘生命力’。它表明了一种充满灵气的生命气息,如同空气的流动、风的吹拂,外部的玻璃层像音乐一样组织成水平向的韵律感,而混凝土结构像手指般浮动。”

Maggie's Centres offer free practical, social and emotional help to anyone effected by cancer. There are already a number of these centres around the UK, by architects including Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners, OMA and Snøhetta.
Holl's design pays tribute to the building's medieval heritage. The geometric facade is modelled on the medieval method of writing down music, called "neume notation". It features lines at 90-centimetre vertical intervals, interspersed with the colourful glass panels.
"The word neume originates from the Greek pnevma, which means 'vital force'," said Holl in a statement.
"It suggests a 'breath of life' that fills oneself with inspiration like a stream of air, the blowing of the wind. The outer glass layer is organised in horizontal bands like a musical staff while the concrete structure branches like the hand."

斯蒂夫•霍尔新作|在12世纪古老建筑旁会发光的Maggie中心第3张图片

在白天,光线透过玻璃表皮进入建筑,照亮室内空间。晚上,当灯光打开后,光线透过玻璃从内部往外照射。

霍尔补充道:“室内照明将空间组织起来,让彩色镜片与立面的半透明白色玻璃一起,在圣巴茨医院广场的这个角落呈现出新的、欢乐又闪耀的光芒。”

Maggie中心的三层结构是第一个以垂直元素为主的建筑。

透明的玻璃面板成为一个面向广场的主要入口,而西侧的次入口则通向邻近教堂的花园。

在里面,一排排开的弯曲楼梯连接着地板。在地面上,主要空间用于厨房和餐厅,以及一个“过渡区”和一个单独的咨询室。

一楼有一个带休息区的图书馆、两个独立的房间,可以用作办公场所或额外的辅导室。

最高层设置有一个带有弧形玻璃墙的房间。这里可通向屋顶花园,这是一个灵活的空间,可用于会议、太极和瑜伽等活动。

The glass envelope washes the interior with colour during daylight hours. Lit up at night, it glows from within.
"Interior lighting will be organised to allow the coloured lenses together with the translucent white glass of the facade to present a new, joyful, glowing presence on this corner of the great square of St Barts Hospital," added Holl.
The three-storey structure is the first Maggie's Centre completed with a vertical rather than a horizontal layout.
Clear glass panels form a main entrance facing the square, while a second entrance on the west side opens out to the garden of a neighbouring church.
Inside, an open curving staircase lined in bamboo connects the floors. At ground level, the main space is filled with a kitchen and dining area, as well as a "pause area" tucked away to one side and a separate counselling room.
The first floor has a library with seating areas, as well as two separate rooms that can be used as office space or additional counselling rooms.
The uppermost floor comprises a room with a curved glass wall. This opens out onto a roof garden – a flexible space that can be used for meetings or classes such as Tai Chi and yoga.

斯蒂夫•霍尔新作|在12世纪古老建筑旁会发光的Maggie中心第4张图片

新Maggie中心取代了20世纪60年代的砖结构建筑,它毗邻医院17世纪建筑的一侧。

这座被称为圣巴塞洛缪大教堂(St Bartholomew)的大楼由著名的英国建筑师James Gibbs设计,他也在牛津建造了拉德克里夫图书馆(Radcliffe Camera)的圆顶。大厅里有霍加斯楼梯(Hogarth Staircase),上面刻着威廉•霍加斯(William Hogarth)的壁画,描绘耶稣基督医治病人。

新中心靠近历史悠久的建筑,其当代风格立面外观,在第一次公开设计的时候引起广泛争议。有一次批评家甚至建议使用英国建筑师迈克尔•霍普金斯(Michael Hopkins)的设计方案,但是霍尔的设计仍然更得民心。

霍尔在2012年赢得了设计中心的竞赛,但直到2015年建筑施工才能开始,之后因为挖掘地基时发现有考古发现而停止作业。因为这个地方有着中世纪的建筑和五个罗马墓地。

这位在首届Dezeen热榜榜单上名列第52位的建筑师最著名的是在格拉斯哥艺术学院(Glasgow School of Art)和纽约哥伦比亚大学(Columbia University)坎贝尔体育中心(Campbell Sports Center)扩建的新建筑。

今年,他的工作室还完成了普林斯顿大学艺术中心的建设,该中心由围绕庭院和反光池的三栋建筑组成,工作室还宣布计划与瑞士工作室RüssliArchitekten在无国界医生组织的新工作区合作。

Maggie's Barts replaces a 1960s brick structure, abutting the last remaining wing of the hospital's 17th-century buildings.
This wing, called the Great Hall of St Bartholomew's, was designed by renowned British architect James Gibbs, who also built the dome of the Radcliffe Camera at Oxford. The hall contains the Hogarth Staircase, which is painted with murals by William Hogarth depicting Jesus Christ healing the sick.
The new centre's proximity to such a historic building, combined with its contemporary facade, caused controversy when the plans for first revealed. At one point critics even mooted a rival scheme they commissioned from British architect Michael Hopkins, but Holl's design prevailed.
Holl won a competition to design the centre in 2012, but construction wasn't able to begin until 2015, after work was halted to remove archaeological finds uncovered when the foundations were dug. These included medieval buildings and five roman burial sites.
The architect, who ranked at number 52 on the inaugural Dezeen Hot List, is best known for adding a new building to Glasgow School of Art and for the Campbell Sports Centre at Columbia University in New York.
This year his studio has also completed an arts complex for Princeton University, comprising three buildings around a courtyard and reflective pool, and announced plans to collaborate with Swiss studio Rüssli Architekten on a new workspace for Médecins Sans Frontières.


出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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