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Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第1张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

该项目希望通过现代的方式改造一栋办公建筑,使其再现古印度的王后阶梯井和古巴比伦神秘的空中花园。


The project aims at recreating the transparencies of the Adalaj stepwell and the terraces of the mythical hanging gardens of Babylone in a contemporary manner for an office building.

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第2张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

建筑的占地类似蛇形,围出四块大型的天井为建筑内部的办公室提供柔和的自然光,这样的设计也是为了适应印度德里严酷的自然环境。新的建筑结构从前到后依次从地下一层逐步开始上升,一直到地上6层,建筑高度最高达30米。


The footprint of the building consist of a snake like shape that creates four large courtyards  giving subdued light to the offices, adapted to the harsh climate of Delhi. The new structure is a Single Basement + GF + 1 to + 6 storeys, increasing gradually towards the back of the building upto a height of 30m.

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第3张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第4张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

建筑的结构由裸露在外的钢筋混凝土组成,采用了大跨度的蘑菇柱,并用红色粘土砖饰面。这样的结构为开放的办公室打造了12英尺高的拱形天花板。通过拱形的玻璃幕墙远眺封闭的花园和天井,可以看到不同类型的景观,从水体到荒漠和丛林,保证户外景色一览无余,不受周边发展的影响。


The structure is of exposed Reinforced Cement Concrete using large span mushroom column with clay brick lining underneath, offering open space offices with 12 ft high vaulted ceilings.  The arched facades are overlooking enclosed garden and courtyards with different types of landscapes, from water bodies to desert and jungle, keeping the vistas protected from neighboring developments.

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第5张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

整个项目大范围地采用自然粘土砖做为外立面装饰,包括墙面和拱顶,使建筑看起来既温暖又有深层次的工艺感。建筑的顶层露台打造成空中花园避免建筑结构受到阳光直射,同时使每一层都充满了绿色植物。剩下的楼层装有天窗,使室内能够充分享受到自然光。建筑的东南、西南和西立面将设置赤褐色百叶窗以调节办公室和休息室室内的光线。


The project makes use extensively natural clay bricks for outside paving, walls and vaulted ceilings, giving the precint a warm charactere and a deep sense of craftmanship. The terraces are covered with hanging gardens to protect the structure from direct heat and provide with greens at all levels. The last floors are fitted with skylights to take full advantage of the natural light. The South East, South West and West facades will be equipped with terracotta louvers to modulate the light in the offices and lobby.

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第6张图片
底层平面图

该项目创新的结构是把裸露的钢筋混凝土做成的蘑菇柱和红色粘土砖装饰的拱顶相结合。一系列蘑菇状的柱子好像创造了一个连续不断的,由拱顶和拱形构筑组成的迷宫,为在这里工作的人们打造了一个令人愉悦的工作环境。


The innovative use of structural exposed concrete in the mushroom columns is combined with the vaulted brick ceilings. The mushoom shape of one column is meeting the next in continuity, creating a continuous labyrinth of arches and vaults troughout the project, creating a very pleasant work environment.

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第7张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

我们可以看到用裸露的钢筋混凝土及砖拱顶组成的建筑结构。
     在这个项目设计的初期阶段,我们就已经决定用钢筋混凝土和粘土砖做建筑结构并把结构大方地展示出来,这么做是希望能够在一栋商业建筑中展现建筑工艺的质感。我们的委托人,一位服装批发商,希望能把服装工艺反应在他公司总部的建筑上。抛开那些平凡、无亮点的公司外观,该项目旨在表现印度的当代美学,大胆结合了像粘土砖这样的传统建筑材料和高技术要求的混凝土框架结构。


The use of exposed RCC and brick vaults as a visible structure.
The design decision to use RCC with bricks and display the structure was taken at an early stage of design to achieve a sense of craft in a commercial building. The client, being a sourcing agency for garments, had a deep requirement that craft used in garment should be reflected in the making of his headquarters. Moving away from mundane skin deep appearance of corporate buildings, the project aims at an Indian contemporary aesthetic, blending traditional material like brick with a highly skilled exposed concrete repetitive structural frame work.

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第8张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第9张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第10张图片
剖面图

不断重复的建筑结构组成了高效的地下停车场和模块化的开放办公室。建筑的核心区域在水平方向有很强的抗震性,同时保证在垂直方向的逃生通道上配备有消防电梯、消防设备和消防系统。建筑的结构系统采用由钢筋混凝土蘑菇柱组成的8米*8米的柱网框架。拱形的天花板相互连接在一起,创造了连续不断的拱顶,拱形的厚度从柱子处的80厘米递减到拱形中间部分的20厘米。


The repetitiveness of the structure allows efficient basement parking and modularity of the open space offices. The cores at corners provides strong earthquake resistance in lateral loads and ensure the vertical life line of the building with fire staircases, lifts, services and fire fighting system.  The structural system consists of a regular 8MX 8M frame of RCC mushrooms columns. The regularly curved ceilings are touching each other at the key and create continuous vaulted ceilings. The thickness varies from 80 CM at the column to 20 CM at the key.

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第11张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第12张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

建筑内部空间被循环出现的结构条明确地划分,封闭的办公室和会议室采用假吊顶来隐藏空调管道,开放的办公室则是以粘土砖饰面的真的拱形天花板。接待大厅是双拱形天花板,称作“Bengali vault”。建筑在6层和4层之间尽可能采用最少的伸缩缝。45*45厘米的柱子和拱形边梁出现在外立面,作为结构的基础构成。整个钢筋混凝土结构都是2小时耐火标准。


The space is clearly divided between strips of circulation, closed offices and meeting rooms fitted with false ceiling for hiding the air-conditioning ducts and open space offices of with exposed brick vaulted ceilings. The reception lobby has a double vaulted ceiling otherwise called “Bengali vault”. The building has also a minimum number of expansion joints between the 6 story block and the 4 story block.  The 45 CM X 45 CM columns and vaulted edge beam are expressed on the façade as structural elements. The entire RCC structure is 2 Hours fire rated.

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第13张图片
© Amit Pasrichha


建筑方式:

    为了实现这个水平的结构工艺,建筑的每一步都需要采用特别的建筑方式。在设计弯曲的金属模板和实施整个建造工程的过程中,建筑师们必须让自己走出一般的设计模式。这个设计在承包商提供的不同的实体模型上进行过多次的实验。模板的质量、钢筋、混凝土的质量以及粘土砖都经过完全的检测和试验,以确保这些材料能够实现建筑性能和审美的要求。


Methodology of construction:
To achieve this level of craftsmanship in structural expression requires a very specific methodology of construction at every stage. The architects had to involve themselves far beyond a normal scope in the design of the curved metal shuttering and the entire process of execution. The design was tested on difference full scale mock up prepared by the contractor. The quality of the shuttering, reinforcement, the quality of the concrete and bricks was thoroughly experimented and monitored to achieve the required performance and aesthetics.

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第14张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第15张图片
细节

粘土砖砌筑在金属模板表面,用PVC材料隔离之后用最薄的混凝土砂浆层连接。对于蘑菇柱,首先把钢筋固定在需要的位置,然后浇筑混凝土,这样柱子就完成了。当粘土砖砌筑完成后首先把粘在粘土砖上的水泥砂浆清洗干净,然后在表面涂上硅材料用以保护。作为模板材料的基础结构便完成了。这些模块化的设计和截面使整栋建筑从每一层看都像是一个拱顶迷宫一样。


The brick tiles are lay up on the metal shuttering and put in place by pvc spacers, then covered with a minimal RCC screed. The reinforcement are then put in place and the full RCC mushroom is casted at once. When de-shuttering happens the brick tiles are cleaned from slurry and exposed with silicon protection. They are acting as dead shuttering material and finished. The modularity of the plans and sections creates a labyrinth like maze of vaulted ceilings visible at all levels.

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第16张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第17张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第18张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第19张图片
© Amit Pasrichha

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第20张图片
三层平面图

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第21张图片
剖面图

Triburg Headquarters / S.P.A Design第22张图片
细节

建筑设计:S.P.A Design
位置:Sector 22A, Sector 22, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
面积:20000.0平方米
时间:2010年
摄影:Amit Pasrichha
设计团队:Stephane Paumier (Design Head), Krishnachandra Balakrishnan, Reena Mahajan, Shashank Jain, Cibi, Priyanka Singh, Chinmay Kumar Mohanta.
结构顾问:Mahendra Raj Consultants
物理工程顾问:ESCON consultants
Architects: S.P.A Design
Location: Sector 22A, Sector 22, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
Area: 20000.0 sqm
Year: 2010
Photographs: Amit Pasrichha
Design Team: Stephane Paumier (Design Head), Krishnachandra Balakrishnan, Reena Mahajan, Shashank Jain, Cibi, Priyanka Singh, Chinmay Kumar Mohanta.
Structure: Mahendra Raj Consultants
Mep: ESCON consultants

出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。
编辑:范偲慧,刘汁

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