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台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第1张图片
© STEVEN HOLL

PaoSan公墓项目位于距台北40分钟车程的壮阔的海滨处,占据着得天独厚的地理优势。该项目旨在设计一个新的到达大厅为该处综合体的10,000个现存墓地和一个存放150,000个附增骨灰盒的海洋馆服务。


On a magnificent ocean view site 40 minutes from Taipei, the Necropolis of PaoSan requires a new arrival hall to serve the complex (with 10,000 existing burial sites) and a new pavilion for 150,000 additional ashbox sites.

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第2张图片
© STEVEN HOLL

到达大厅将包含21间客房的酒店、一个餐厅、一个正式的教堂、一个礼堂以及两个小型博物馆。馆内可容纳上千观众和50名举办仪式的主持僧侣。


The arrival building will contain a 21 room hotel, a restaurant, a ceremonial chapel, an auditorium, and two small museums. The new pavilion will accommodate 1,000 people for ceremonial days, as well as 50 presiding Buddhist monks conducting ceremonies.

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第3张图片
© STEVEN HOLL

毗邻的有一个圆形的露天剧场,类似古罗马的竞技场,可容纳5000人。在这里所有的宗教信仰都是被尊重和包容的,无论是佛教还是基督教抑或是其他。


There will be an adjoining amphitheater with seating for 5,000. All religions-Buddhist, Christian, etc.-are respected and accommodated in this Necropolis.

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第4张图片
© STEVEN HOLL

考虑了超过30个方案,而水彩草图赢得了评委对其嵌入球体概念的赞同,因为水彩画的几个交叉的圆不仅具备其原本固有的特性,而且暗示着轮回学说,逐渐演变成了交叉的球体。


After exploring more than 30 schemes in a search for sacred space for the site, watercolor drawings of intersecting circles with their inherent universal properties and suggestive circulation typologies gradually became intersecting spheres.
More than 30 schemes were considered, however Holl’s watercolor explorations lead to the approved idea of intersecting spheres which, as the practice described, “yielded amazing overlapping perspectives that created an astonishing spatial energy.”

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第5张图片
© STEVEN HOLL

通过对模型的研究,该建筑取得了令人惊异的重叠视角,创造出惊人的空间能量。交叠的球体,这样的几何形态具有悠久的历史。博罗梅安环曾出现在古老的佛教艺术中、维京符石和千万年前的罗马马赛克上。


Model studies which yielded amazing overlapping perspectives created an astonishing spatial energy. The geometry of intersected spheres refers back to a rich ancient history of symbolism. Borromean Rings appeared in Buddhist Art, Viking rune-stones and Roman mosaics thousands of years ago.

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第6张图片
© STEVEN HOLL

基督徒也曾用这符号来描绘或代表"三位一体"的统一。博罗梅安环也代表宇宙的业力法则和生命的互联性。在古代,中国前贤所著的《易经》中也提到天圆地方的理论。


Christians have also used this symbol to portray or represent the unity of the Holy Trinity. Borromean Rings also represent the karmic laws of the universe and the interconnectedness of life. In the I Ching, the earth is represented as a square and the heavens as a circle.

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第7张图片
© STEVEN HOLL

该设计中,相交的球体嵌在一个表面覆盖浅水层的矩形平面中,好像将大海都圈到了这个设计中。水池还有助于设计的整体遵循可持续发展性:光电池板位于浅水层下方几英寸的位置,负责供应建筑内60%的电量。这些电池通过水的冷却可以将发电效率提升20%。


The intersecting spheres are embedded in a rectangular plan topped by a sheet of water, pulling the ocean horizon into the composition. Photovoltaic cells sit inches below this water sheet providing 60% of the electricity for both buildings. The cooling via the water increases the photovoltaic efficiency by 20%.

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第8张图片
© STEVEN HOLL

内嵌球体的开口将自然光引入建筑内部。骨灰盒的搁置架占据了建筑的大部分,它们以不同类型排列着:射线型、圆形、正交直线型等。


Natural light is brought into the building section via openings in the intersecting spheres. Urn shelving, which occupies most of the building’s section, is arranged in different typologies: radial, circular, and orthogonal.

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第9张图片
© STEVEN HOLL

海洋馆将以白色混凝土为主体,黑色花岗岩做楼梯,扁柏木将被用在门和隔墙上。仪式区域则采用半透明的雪花石膏和金箔材料。包含着21间客房的酒店和餐厅的到达大厅形状像是4个位于不同水平面上相交球体的差集。这个面积为五十万平方英尺的建筑综合体将于2015年5月动工。


Construction of the Oceanic Pavilion is in white concrete with black granite floors. Hinoki wood is used for doors and partitions. Ceremonial areas are treated in translucent alabaster and gold-leaf.
The arrival building, with its 21 room hotel and restaurant takes the shape of the allotted plot extruded into four levels with spherical subtractions. Construction of the 500,000 square foot complex begins in May 2015.

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第10张图片
水彩画© STEVEN HOLL

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第11张图片
水彩画© STEVEN HOLL

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第12张图片
平面图© STEVEN HOLL

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第13张图片
平面图© STEVEN HOLL

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第14张图片
平面图© STEVEN HOLL

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第15张图片
平面图© STEVEN HOLL

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第16张图片
剖面图© STEVEN HOLL

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第17张图片
剖面图© STEVEN HOLL

台湾CHINPAOSAN公墓——最终的归宿/ STEVEN HOLL ARCHITECTS第18张图片
剖面图© STEVEN HOLL

项目信息:
项目位置:台湾 台北
建筑设计事务所:Steven Holl Architects
项目总监:Roberto Bannura
合伙伙伴:Noah Yaffe
合伙人:Michael Rusch
项目建筑师:Xi Chen, Yu-Ju Lin
项目团队:Yun Shi, Bell Ying Yi Cai, Zach Cohen, Wenying Sun, Yan Zhang, Arseni Timofejev, Qiyue Hu, Shenpei Ha
当地建筑师:Chou Chienping Architects
当地工程师: TH TSAI and Associates
结构工程师:Guy Nordenson and Associates
机械工程师:Heng Kai Inc
气候控制工程师:Transsolar
项目面积:54,000平米
项目时间:2014年
业主:ChinPaoSan Group
Project Credits:
Location: Taipei City, Taiwan
Architect: Steven Holl Architects
Project director: Roberto Bannura
Partner: Noah Yaffe
Associate: Michael Rusch
Project Architect: Xi Chen, Yu-Ju Lin
Project Team: Yun Shi, Bell Ying Yi Cai, Zach Cohen, Wenying Sun, Yan Zhang, Arseni Timofejev, Qiyue Hu, Shenpei Ha
Local Architect: Chou Chienping Architects
Local Engineer: TH TSAI and Associates
Structural Engineer: Guy Nordenson and Associates
Mechanical Engineer: Heng Kai Inc
Climate Engineer: Transsolar
Area: 54,000 sqm
Year: 2014
Client: ChinPaoSan Group

出处:本文译自aasarchitecture.com/,转载请注明出处。
编辑:范偲慧,刘庆新

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  • 锅太稀饭米
  • 2015.12.19 15:14
    非常有深度的完形设计
    • 1
    没有了...
    评论加载中,请稍后!

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