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最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第1张图片
© Pasi Aalto

建筑设计事务所:TYIN tegnestue 和 The Min Buri community
地点:泰国曼谷民武里县
业主:Old Market Community
项目类型:社区住宅
项目造价:27 000 NOK / 3 600 EUR
建造时间:2009.3-5
建筑面积:58.48平米
项目团队:Kasama Yamtree
                  Pasi Aalto
                  Andreas Grontvedt Gjertsen
                  Yashar Hanstad
                  Magnus Henriksen
                  Erlend Bauck Sole
合作伙伴:CASE Studio Architects
摄影:Pasi Aalto
Built by: TYIN tegnestue and the Min Buri community        
Location: Min Buri, Bangkok, Thailand
Client: Old Market Community
Project: Community house
Cost: 27 000 NOK / 3 600 EUR
Building period: March 2009 -May 2009
Area: 58.48 m2
Architects: Kasama Yamtree
                 Pasi Aalto
                 Andreas Grontvedt Gjertsen
                 Yashar Hanstad
                 Magnus Henriksen
                 Erlend Bauck Sole
Collaborator: CASE Studio Architects
Photographs: Pasi Aalto


最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第2张图片
© Pasi Aalto

旧市场图书馆建造在一个有着百年历史的旧市场建筑内。图书馆区的内部空间是3米 x 9米,图书馆后院对着小河道,屋顶和墙壁都很破旧,因此这里要增加任何新元素都得靠建筑师们“自力更生”了。


The Old Market Library is built in a 100-year-old market building. The section for the library measures 3x9 metres internally, with a back yard facing a small canal.  The roof and the walls were in very poor condition, and consequently any new element had to be self-supporting.

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第3张图片
© Pasi Aalto

这个社区面临的最大挑战就是一年一次的雨季洪水。洪水来临的时候,水位能达到地面半米以上。想要阻挡洪水可是件难事,解决方法是提升防水区高度,以保证图书馆在洪水季节依然可用。混凝土侧墙能防止水气腐坏木板。


One of the main challenges for the community is the annual flooding during the rainy season. In this period the water can raise to around 50cm above floor level. Retaining the water would be very challenging and the solution was to elevate the calmer zones above the maximum flood level. This ensured that the library was usable throughout the flooded period.

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第4张图片
© Pasi Aalto

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第5张图片
© Pasi Aalto

借助主房间天花板的高度,我们有机会建造一个温馨的阁楼空间。图书馆被划分成两个区域:一端能让你穿过建筑内的书墙,而另一端则是用来阅读和静思的。


Because of the height of the ceiling in the main room, there was an opportunity to construct an intimate loft space. The library is divided into two zones along its length; one side lets you move through the building along the bookshelves, while the other side is for reading and other passive activities.

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第6张图片
© Pasi Aalto

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第7张图片
© Pasi Aalto

主厅之外是一个小房间--书房。角落里原本是厕所的位置,现在则种植了一棵小树,以后或许会带来更多功能性。后院里建造一个藤架,能遮挡炽热的阳光。茉莉和攀援植物则种植在一些陶瓷坛里。


Beyond the main room is a smaller space, the study. An old toilet in the corner was removed and has become a home for a small tree, which hopefully will have good fertilization in the years to come. In the back yard a pergola was constructed to protect against the blazing sun.

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第8张图片
© Pasi Aalto

本项目实施中一个非常重要的原则就是使用或者重新使用当地材料。书架的木料来自早期项目,而覆层则使用了老旧腐朽的木块。用于内部结构的木材因为需要确保具有足够的承重能力以及跨度,对材料质量的要求比较高,所以是从当地二手木材店购买的。


In this project it was important for us to use local and reused materials, which were already available to the community. The bookshelves are made of wooden boxes from one of CASE's earlier projects, while the cladding was assembled using old and decayed wooden pieces found in the immediate surroundings. The internal structure demanded a higher quality wood that had to be trusted to take the specific loads and span certain distances. These materials were bought at the local second hand wood shop.  

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第9张图片
© Pasi Aalto

Min Buri旧市场社区过去是当地的商业中心,但是19世纪末期的一场大火使得这个市场搬迁到河对岸。因此最近几年,这个社区就从一个热闹的集市变成了几近贫民窟的地区。土地权归属模糊,这是因为居民都不想在他们的房屋上投资。


The commercial centre of the Min Buri Market had already moved across the canal due to a fire in the late nineties. As the years have passed by the community has diminished from a lively origo into an almost slum-like area. The land rights are uncertain and partly because of this the inhabitants are reluctant to invest in their homes.

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第10张图片
© Pasi Aalto

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第11张图片
© Pasi Aalto

对于该项目成功的关键就是从开始到完成都要有当地居民活跃地参与整个过程。首先,我们通过定期举行会议绘制了社区内的需要。这些会议涉及从绘画到建筑模型,甚至垃圾清理。在一个调查中,我们采访了当地人,询问他们对该地区过去、现在和未来的观点有什么不同。这样做的目的除了使我们融入这个社区,还有就是我们想对他们现在的生活做一个更深入的了解。


For this project to be successful it was important to involve the inhabitants actively throughout the whole process, from inception to completion. Initially we mapped the needs within the community by holding regular meetings. These meeting ranged from drawing and building models, to even clearing garbage. As part of a survey we interviewed people in the area about their views on the community, its past, present and future. Aside from introducing ourselves to the community we wanted a deeper understanding of the situation that they lived in.

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第12张图片
© Pasi Aalto

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第13张图片
© Pasi Aalto

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第14张图片
© Pasi Aalto

让每个人都参与进来并不是件容易的事,特别是让大人参与进来。当这个项目具体化以后,就会带来变化。当项目启动时,总有一群人每日和我们一起工作。虽然他们参与的只是一个小的图书馆项目,但是它一定会影响到以后人们的思维。


It wasn’t always easy getting everyone involved, especially the adults.  However when the project became more tangible this completely changed. We soon had a regular group that worked with us every day.  They began to develop an attachment to the library, a sense of achievement and pride; something we feel was a premise for the library to function in the long term.

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第15张图片
© Pasi Aalto

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第16张图片
© Pasi Aalto

对于TYIN来说,重要的不仅仅是建造一个图书馆,同时也更大范围的改变这个地区。通过使用当地廉价的材料,我们向当地居民展示了如何使用他们自己的资源和创造力来改变他们现在的社区。图书馆项目的主要目的就是加强地区的建造生活热情,而最终积极地促进这个地区的发展。


For TYIN, this project wasn’t only about the refurbishment of the old Market Library; it was also to strengthen the passion in the neighbourhood. The refurbishment was a demonstration of what can be achieved by the inhabitants themselves, through own initiative, using local inexpensive materials and their own knowledge.

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第17张图片
© Pasi Aalto

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第18张图片
© Pasi Aalto

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第19张图片
平面图

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第20张图片
剖面图

最美图书馆/ TYIN tegnestue第21张图片
© Pasi Aalto
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