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如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第1张图片

Image © Juan Cristobal Cobo

建筑与瑜伽:促进专注的工具
Architecture and Yoga: Tools for Mindfulness

由专筑网Zia,小R编译

城市生活充满欲望。忙碌和竞争的生活方式使人们对压力的影响感到麻木。城市地区的人们很容易出现心理健康问题,并表现出明显的联系缺乏。瑰色的灯光和摩天大楼被不断上升的压力水平所伤,给建筑师提出了一个基本问题——空间如何影响健康?

多年来,解决压力的方法已经不断出现。瑜伽的本意是“结合”,作为一种将身体、思想和灵魂结合在一起的治疗方法,其作用越来越突出。哲学家们认为,内心的平静可以在任何地方达到,毕竟它源于内心。然而,建筑师和研究人员认为,物理环境对我们的精神状态有着深刻的影响。当然,在平静的环境中铺开瑜伽垫,似乎比在繁忙拥挤中更有成效。

Living in an urban environment is demanding. Busy and competitive lifestyles leave people numbed from the effects of stress. Individuals in urban areas are more prone to mental health issues and demonstrate a noticeable lack of personal connection. Rosy city lights and skyscrapers are thorned with rising stress levels, posing an essential question to architects - how do spaces affect wellbeing?
Solutions to stress have urgently cropped up over the years. Yoga, meaning “union”, has been gaining prominence as a therapeutic practice that marries the body, mind, and soul. Philosophers argue that inner peace can be attained anywhere, after all, it is found within oneself. Architects and researchers, however, emphasize the profound impact our physical environment has on our mental state. Surely, rolling out a yoga mat in a subdued scenario seems more fruitful than in the middle of rush hour.

如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第2张图片

Image © Mark McGuinness

像瑜伽一样,建筑有能力促进身心健康,并塑造身体与周围环境的联系。作为一种设计实践,好的设计可以引导用户进入状态。在国际瑜伽日,下面介绍了为促进身体和精神放松而巧妙设计的空间类型——瑜伽馆。

瑜伽中心旨在通过练习和物质空间为用户提供放松的情绪。瑜伽不仅仅是一种运动形式,它也可以看作是一个与身体结合并增强心智的过程。与简单性一致,瑜伽馆用一系列因素来构造平静的场所。


光线

光在建筑中是一个有影响力的元素,它将生命和存在引入建筑。历史上,神圣的建筑利用光来 "照亮"灵魂和物理空间。建筑师可以操纵光和影的模式,给使用者留下一种精神的体验。众所周知,暴露在自然光下有利于人们的能量、情绪和健康,同时使一个空间看起来更有朝气。

Like yoga, architecture has the power to promote wellbeing, mindfulness, and connection between the body and its surroundings. Mindfulness as a design practice seeks to discover ways of nudging users into a state of presence. On International Yoga Day, ArchDaily reflects on spatial typologies tactfully designed to promote physical and mental ease - yoga studios.
Yoga centers are designed to offer relaxation to users through their practices and material space. More than a form of exercise, yoga is seen as a process of uniting with the body and enhancing mindfulness. Aligned with simplicity, yoga studios illustrate places of peace using a series of tested factors:

Light

Light is an influential element in architecture, inviting life and presence into buildings. Historically, sacred structures used light to 'illuminate' the soul along with the physical space. Architects can manipulate patterns of light and shadow to leave users with an atmospheric - even spiritual - experience. Exposure to natural light has been known to benefit a user’s energy, mood, and wellbeing, while making a space seem motivating.

如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第3张图片

Image © Gonçalo Marrote

如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第4张图片

Image © Gonçalo Marrote


Madeiguincho设计的花园瑜伽室,捕捉了自然光在时间和季节中的变化。这个简单的结构被设计成安静的空间和移动的光线。材料的选择过滤调节了日光的强度,同时保持与太阳的联系,这在许多瑜伽活动中是必不可少的。


颜色

色彩心理学在设计中被长期用来构成对空间的感知。除了带来声学、热学和光学上的舒适感,色彩还能强烈地支配情感反应和感官体验。建筑师们倾向于使用自然界的颜色来创造安宁的环境,白色、奶油色、棕褐色、蓝色和绿色的色调已被证明可以使人的身心平静下来,并提供减压的环境。

Madeiguincho designed Garden Yoga Studio to capture the changing levels of natural light through time and seasons. The simple structure was designed to mimic a temple, with quiet spaces and moving dim light. Materials were chosen to filter and regulate the intensity of daylight while maintaining a connection to the sun, essential in many yoga flows.

Color
Color psychology has been long utilized in design to compose perceptions of space. Besides bringing acoustic, thermal, and luminous comfort, colors can strongly dictate emotional responses and sensory experiences. When designing for mindfulness, architects lean towards colors of nature to create pacifying environs. Shades of white, cream, tan, blue, and green have been shown to calm the mind and body and foster a sense of decompression.

如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第5张图片

Image © Agata Stoinska

如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第6张图片

Image © Agata Stoinska


Jordan Ralph Studio的 The Space Between利用宁静的白色内饰,为用户提供向内的环境感受。其灵感来自于Savasana,即瑜伽的最后一个姿势,鼓励用户进入冥想状态。爱尔兰白蜡木被用于细木家具,墙壁被涂成亚光白色以创造一种古老的氛围。工作室的创始人和创意总监Jordan Ralph分享说:"我希望它感觉到空间的墙壁里有深度和灵魂。"灰色的混凝土地板和渐变色的镜子从纯白的背景中脱颖而出,象征着瑜伽中形而上的"中间时刻"。


材料

材料以其触觉和视觉特征承载着一个空间的性格。触摸的感觉可以使人感到与环境有更多的联系。它可以通过体验其固有的属性来吸引人们的感官,引起人们的注意。泥土质地的材料可以引起一种错觉,让人在精神上有一种舒缓的感觉,仿佛置身于大自然的怀抱中。

The Space Between by Jordan Ralph Studio boasts of serene white interiors that instantly grounds users and sends them inwards. Inspired by Savasana, the final pose of a flow, visual cues encourage users to drift into a meditative state. Whitened Irish Ash wood was used for the joinery, and the walls were painted matte white to create an ancient atmosphere. “I wanted it to feel like there was depth and soul within the walls of the space”, shares Jordan Ralph, Founder and Creative Director at Jordan Ralph Studio. The grey concrete floor and the gradient-colored mirror stand out from the chalky backdrop, symbolizing the metaphysical “in-between moments” in yoga.

Materials
Materials carry the identity of a space with their tactile and visual features. The sense of touch can make one feel more connected to their environment. Materials can engage the senses through experiencing their inherent attributes, commanding one’s attention. Earthy materials can provoke an illusion of being in the lap of nature with mentally soothing sensations.

如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第7张图片

Image © Iván Casal Nieto

如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第8张图片

Image © Iván Casal Nieto


为了创造一个宁静的氛围,Nan Arquitectos精心设计的Flow Yoga and Movement Studio模仿大自然和它所传递的和平感受。一系列的材料和施工技术被用来增加空间的温暖和简洁感。这些材料都是在原始状态下使用的:木材、有缺陷的混凝土以及与暴露的工业风格装置相搭配的砖块,材料和色调都反映了瑜伽的原始性,以及它所倡导的联系。


分隔和隐私

当融合到空间设计中时,隐私和隐蔽性可以为人们从日常工作的压力中提供喘息的机会。平静的想法可以支持对心智的放松,像瑜伽这样的冥想练习需要空间层面的亲密感,感受自己和周围环境的高度联系。心理上的安全感也是在空间中感到被欢迎和舒适的关键因素。

Aiming to create a tranquil aura, Nan Arquitectos crafted Flow Yoga and Movement Studio to emulate nature and the peace it transmits. A series of materials and construction techniques were used to add warmth and simplicity to the space. The materials were used in their crude state: wood, concrete with imperfections, and brick paired with exposed industrial-style installations. The material palette reflects the rawness of yoga, and the personal relationship it promotes.

Seclusion and Privacy
When blended into spatial design, privacy and seclusion can offer respite from the stress inducers of daily routines. The idea of being away from triggering conditions can support efforts towards mindfulness. Meditative practices like yoga require a level of intimacy influenced by the space to feel a heightened sense of connection with oneself and their surroundings. Psychological ownership is also a critical factor in feeling welcomed and comforted in a space.

如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第9张图片

Image © Bill Timmerman

如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第10张图片

Image © Bill Timmerman


Blank Studio的Yoga Deva提供了一个逃离烦扰市区和商业建筑的地方。内部空间序列将用户从外部条件中抽离,引导他们进入冥想的练习环境。光线、颜色和纹理被用来创造一种空灵的气氛,与城市的日常场景形成对比。


互动空间

互动使空间变得生动,对空间的感知同样受其使用者和他们之间的行为所支配。人和地方结合在一起,创造了一个用心存在的环境。当处理心理健康问题时,一个志同道合的互动空间可以提供支持、责任和动力,在一个房间里的个人所携带的联合能量会产生一种积极的氛围。

BOS|UA将他们对Health Life Yoga的设计理念围绕互动的概念展开,通过专注与自己相连,通过指导与他人相连。项目被划分为公共区域和私人区域,在鼓励互动的同时为瑜伽开辟了安静的场所。作为中心元素,入口附近的台阶使用户可以在课外互动。储物柜隐藏在台阶下,形成另一个互动的空间。

Blank Studio’s Yoga Deva offers an escape from the asphalt roads and commercial buildings that surround the center. An internal sequence of spaces remove the user from the exterior conditions, steering them into a practice of meditation. Light, color, and texture are employed to create an ethereal atmosphere that contrasts everyday scenes of the city.

Community
Community makes spaces come alive. Perceptions of space are equally governed by its users and the interactions between them. People and the place come together to create a setting for mindful presence. When tackling mental health, a like-minded community can offer support, accountability, and motivation. The united energy carried by individuals in a room charges a positive ambiance.
BOS|UA pivoted their design for Health Life Yoga around the idea of community - connection to oneself through focused practice; connection to others through mentoring. The studio’s program is divided between public and private zones, encouraging interaction while carving a hushed spot for yoga. As a central element, steps are placed near the entry where users can hang out outside classes. Lockers are enclosed under the steps, forming another space for interaction.

如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第11张图片

Image © Bruce Damonte Architectural Photographer

如何塑造平静舒缓的建筑——以瑜伽空间为例第12张图片

Image © Bruce Damonte Architectural Photographer


使人专注的建筑作品可以为自我反思和意识建立创造最佳条件,培养与建筑环境的更深层次的关系。专注可以融入所有规模和项目的设计中,对人类的活动产生影响。建筑不是体现为被动的基础设施,而是可以作为一种工具在心理健康的塑造中发挥作用。像瑜伽一样,建筑可以成为人和地方之间的联系力量。

The pieces of mindful architecture can build optimal conditions for self-reflection and awareness, nurturing a deeper relationship with the built environment. Mindfulness can fit into designs of all scales and programs to strategically impact the human experience. Rather than embodying passive infrastructure, architecture can be wielded as a tool in the battle for mental wellness. Like yoga, architecture can be a unifying force between person and place.

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