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影响住宅设计的8种窗户第1张图片


8 Ways Architectural Windows Are Shaping Residential Design

由专筑网清珂,小R编译

窗户是住宅设计中的必要组成部分。无论何种尺寸,窗户都能够提供必要的光线、通风、温度和视线。特别是在一些地形独特或者景色优美的地方,开窗的位置更是尤为重要。

窗户经过精心布局,不仅具备功能用途,还能完美地提供景色。如以下展示的8个住宅项目所在地风景都非常独特,精心设计的玻璃窗充分利用了这些独特的景观。

Windows are an integral element of any residential design. Whether a large or small casement, such openings to the outdoors provide much-needed light, circulation, warmth and sight. When homes are built on topographically-unique and scenic lands, the placement of glass openings is even more important.
When intentionally placed, such cavities can transform into more than a functional opening and rather, a perfectly framed view. Picturesque views can inform an architectural project’s siting and overall design. Listed below are eight residential homes, all of which sit on wondrous landscapes and make the most of such special sights through thoughtfully-placed glass openings.

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Folding住宅 / Studio 59,比利时 马斯梅切伦

这个家庭房屋像是一件雕塑作品。整座房子是一个长条形不对称几何体,散发着一些野兽派建筑的风格。同时,柔软的内饰空间与刚影的外部形成对比。

单色的内饰也会让人把注意力集中在周围生机勃勃的绿色色调上。大块的方形玻璃开窗把人的视线引向室外,最引人注目的客厅大窗户框住了户外的树干,构成一幅美丽的画。

Folding House by Studio 59, Maasmechelen, Belgium
Residence resembles more a sculptural work of art than it does a single-family home. The residence consists of a long asymmetrical volume that exudes a slight brutalist aesthetic. Meanwhile, the interior space contrasts the harsh exterior through its soft, white walls and flowing floor plan.
The monochrome interior equally draws attention to the vibrant green tones of the surrounding outdoor gardens. Moreover, the use of large square shapes for the fenestration leads the dwellers’ eyes towards the outdoors. Most notably, the large living room window frames the outdoor treeline in such a way that it almost doubles as a piece of art.

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Horizon住宅 / TAPO Tomioka建筑规划工作室,日本 大阪

这座大房子位于一座面向太平洋的山丘上,与海岸线平行,可以毫无阻碍地欣赏周围的大海。房子共两层,有21米长。一层是入口、储藏室和一个传统和式待客室,二层是起居室、餐厅、卧室和大阳台。

整个房子的设计非常重视户外环境,每个房间都能看到无敌海景。例如,在主卫生间的位置可以看到21米的海景,通过卧室窗户则可以看到南阿尔卑斯山和富士山。

Horizon House by TAPO Tomioka Architectural Planning Office, Omaezaki, Japan
Atop a hill facing the Pacific Ocean sits a large home that runs parallel to the ocean’s coastline and offers unobstructed views of the surrounding water. The residence is a two-story volume that runs 21 meters long. The first floor hosts the entrance, storage space, and a traditional Japanese-style guest room. While the second floor is made up of a living area, dining room, sleeping quarters, and large terrace.
The home was designed with such attentiveness to the outdoors that practically every room offers an uncompromised view of the sea. For example, the master bath was purposefully placed and boasts a 21-meter panoramic view of the sea, while the bedroom windows offer views of the Southern Alps and Mt. Fuji.

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Inspired by the Land / Arterra Landscape Architects,美国 加利福尼亚州

这个乡村住宅位于美国加利福尼亚州,占地40英亩,周围的地形提供了天然的美感,建筑师使用可伸缩金属和玻璃面板连接室内和户外空间,模糊了内外空间的界限。

为了进一步强化内外空间在生活中的连贯性,在装有可伸缩玻璃窗的房间里安装了壁炉,保证窗户打开时房间内的舒适性。每扇玻璃窗都提供了一幅绝佳的景色画。

Inspired by the Land by Arterra Landscape Architects, Healdsburg, CA, United States
Located on 40 acres in Healdsburg, California is a rural residential home that boasts a natural aesthetic enhancing the beauty of the surrounding topography. The architects incorporated retractable metal and glass panels that connect the indoor spaces with the outdoors, blurring the boundaries between exterior and interior spaces.
To further emphasize the continuity between indoor and outdoor living, a fireplace was added to the room with retractable fenestration to create a sense of coziness when the panels are opened. Each glass window offers a particular and perfectly framed view of the distinct surrounding landscape.

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Fiera住宅 / Galeotti Rizzato Architetti,意大利 特雷维索

在意大利古老的费拉港地区,一栋最近修复的伦巴第时期住宅融合了传统和现代设计手法。建筑师力图恢复一些结构元素,例如用原有的老梁木构建传统的木梁天花板。此外,在面向教堂的立面上,增加了一系列错落有致的窗户,完美地勾勒出教堂的独特景观。

Casa Fiera by Galeotti Rizzato Architetti, Treviso, Italy
Within the antique Italian district of Port di Fiera, a recently-restored Lombard home mixes traditional and contemporary design practices. Located across the street from the church of Sant’Amborgio, much of the original structure has been altered over the years. Nonetheless, the architects aimed to recover certain structural elements such as salvaging old beams and creating a traditional wooden-beamed ceiling. Moreover, on the church-facing elevation, a series of intricately placed windows were added as a way of perfectly framing distinct views of the church.

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现代谷仓 / RIOS,美国 加利福尼亚州

RIOS重新设计了一栋位于加州的房子,房子坐落的地块上拥有非常美丽的峡谷景色。原来的房子很高,但是缺乏合理的动线和布局。新的楼层规划主要是增加起居室空间,把室内和室外景色连接起来。为此,用大窗户重新装饰了外立面,可以畅通无阻地看到户外景色,甚至在卧室也可以眺望户外泳池区和周围的峡谷景观。

Modern Barn by RIOS, Santa Monica, CA, United States
Design house RIOS was commissioned to reconfigure a Californian home that sits on a lot with unparalleled views of a canyon. The original home was tall in grandeur yet lacked a proper flow and cohesive layout. The new floor plan focuses on enlarging the main living spaces and connecting the indoors to the outside scenery. In order to do so, large windows decorate the home’s façade and offer unobstructed views of the outdoors. Even the sleeping spaces — including the relocated master bedroom — now overlook the outdoor pool space and surrounding canyon scape.

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Silvernails / Amalgam Studio LLC,美国 纽约

Amalgam Studio LLC为一个年轻家庭设计了一座现代谷仓房屋。设计受到哈德逊河谷传统谷仓的启发,配备了主要生活设施和周末度假设施。房子由主屋和马车房两部分组成。

设计融合了现代技术与传统的视觉语言及情感,创造出一种建筑师Ben Albury称为“现代方言”的风格。开窗位置经过仔细考量,保证将周围山景最大限度地纳入视野。例如,朝北的窗户称为“画窗”,因为窗内风景如画,而朝南的一面则是8英尺高的玻璃开窗,提供了开阔的视线。

Silvernails by Amalgam Studio LLC, Silvernails, NY, United States
Amalgam Studio LLC designed a modern barn house for a young family in Silvernails, New York. The home was inspired by the historic Hudson River Valley barns and comes complete with the amenities of both a weekend getaway and primary residence. The home is made of two volumes: the main house and a coach house.
The design incorporates modern technology with a traditional visual language and sensibility. Together it creates what lead architect Ben Albury calls, a “modern vernacular.” The placement of the fenestration was carefully thought-out in order to maximize the views of the surrounding mountain range. For example, the north-facing windows are referred to as the “picture windows,” as their picturesque views almost mimic a landscape painting. Whereas the south-facing side of the home was finished with eight-foot-high glass opening, offering expansive views of the outdoors.

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Hawea湖畔庭院住宅 / Glamuzina Paterson Architects,新西兰 奥塔格

建筑位于新西兰奥塔克风景如画的哈威亚湖区,坐落在离地面较低的地方,适应独特的周边地形,建筑师用了一系列建筑和设计技术来强化结构的坚固性和安全性。

内庭可以保证室内和室外之间的通行,同时保护居住者免受恶劣天气影响。同时,许多立面都装了落地窗,把户外的美丽山景纳入眼底。

Lake Hawea Courtyard House by Glamuzina Paterson Architects, Otago, New Zealand
Located on Lake Hawea in Otago, New Zealand, is a site-specific residence surrounded by a breathtaking mountainscape. The house purposefully sits low to the ground to respond to its unique surrounding topography. A strategic series of building and design techniques enforce a strong and safe structure.
An interior courtyard allows access between the indoor and outdoor spaces while protecting residents from the elements. Meanwhile, floor-to-ceiling windows adorn the many elevations and frame particular views of the special outdoor mountainscape.

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Blurring Boxes住宅 / Architensions,美国 纽约布鲁克林

这座位于布鲁克林的联排别墅通过扩建进行了升级,有意识地融合户外景观是这次扩建设计的重点,主要通过布局开窗位置来实现。

从天窗到焦点定位的窗户,再到木屏风,引入室内空间的户外景观经过了深思熟虑的组合,在室内空间和室外景观之间创造了一种特殊的联系。

Blurring Boxes Residence by Architensions, Brooklyn, NY, United States
This Brooklyn townhouse received an upgrade through a distinct home extension. Designed by Architensions, the extension is divided into two separate volumes which are clearly defined by their dark exterior appearance. The conscious desire to embrace the outdoor landscape was at the forefront of this design; this is achieved with purposefully-placed fenestration.
From skylights to focally-positioned windows to wooden screens, the views of the outdoors from the interior spaces are thoughtfully composed to create a special connection between the interior space and outdoor landscape.

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