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70 Rainey空中花园 | 美国奥斯汀 | Design Workshop
70 Rainey Sky Garden | Austin, USA | Design Workshop

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70 Rainey空中花园入围 2021 WLA 大奖
70 Rainey Sky Garden was shortlisted in the 2021 WLA Awards

空中花园:植物调和建筑与自然第1张图片


位于奥斯汀的空中花园是植物“成长”而不是“生长”的先例,精心的植物设计与周围景观建立起了紧密的联系。空中花园利用自然植物作为治疗师,在德州城高100 英尺的空中营造了保护性小气候,重现了德州乡野景观。

The Sky Garden, located in Austin, sets a precedent for growing up rather than out, and creates a deliberate connection to the surrounding landscape through careful plant selection. Recreating the Texas Hill Country landscape and utilizing nature as a healer, the Sky Garden creates protective microclimates 100 feet in the Texas sky.

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空中花园主要以植物为主,在空中再现当地景观的微缩版本。尽管这块丘陵地区以石灰岩和花岗岩而闻名,但本土植物的价值还尚未被挖掘。实用性是设计策略的一个决定性特征。紫锥菊、鼠尾草和马利筋为授粉昆虫提供养分,丝兰可以忍受极端温度,金合欢则为人们提供荫凉。空中花园也对周围环境做出回应,设计团队遵循建筑物的特征,让植物充当融合建筑和自然的调色板。

The Sky Garden is dominated by plants and creates a scaled-down and elevated version of the region’s landscapes. Though famous for its limestone and granite, there is much to be said about the Hill Country’s utilitarian vegetation. Practicality was a defining characteristic in the design approach. Echinacea, Salvias, and Asclepias feed pollinator insects. endure extreme temperatures and Huisache trees shade guests. The Sky Garden also responds to its immediate surroundings. Heeding the building’s architectural cues, the design team curated a plant palette that blends building and nature.

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为了让空中花园免受德克萨斯州气候的影响,设计团队采取了广泛的措施。首先通过风洞测试数据,记录不适宜植栽的位置。精心的植物搭配可以避风并提升舒适度。葡萄藤交错爬上栏杆,提供四季的防护。从街道往上看,这些藤蔓是立于东面和南面的植物屏风的一部分。当地的金合欢为空中花园小气候的成功营造中发挥了作用。金合欢位于东南角,遮蔽夏季超过 6 小时的日晒,它们共同形成了一个大型树冠,降低花园温度的同时允许阳光透过。这些设计策略为享受空中花园创造了理想的环境。

Extensive measures were taken to ensure the Sky Garden was protected from Texas’s elements. Wind tunnel test data revealed locations where turbulence would create uninhabitable conditions. Deliberate planting interventions were invoked to curb winds and create comfortability. Crossvines climb the railings, providing year-round protection. From the street, these vines are part of the screen plant composition that shields the east and south faces. Native Huisache trees also play a role in the success of the Sky Garden’s microclimates. Located in the southeastern corner, which receives over six hours of sunlight during summer, these trees create another canopy that lowers temperatures on the deck but allow sunlight to filter through. These design decisions create an ideal environment for enjoying the Sky Garden.

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这座9,300 平方英尺的露天阳台超过 43% 是由花园和水池组成的。种植区减缓并吸收雨水,减少流入城市雨洪系统和鸟湖的雨水径流。空中花园的其他环境效益还包括充实氧气和增加授粉。

Of the 9,300 square feet of rooftop exposed to the sky, over 43% is comprised of gardens and a pool. Rainwater is slowed and absorbed by the planting areas, which help reduce runoff to the city’s storm system and Lady Bird Lake. Other environmental benefits that can be attributed to the Sky Garden include reoxygenation and increased pollination.

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该项目受到了周围社会各界的支持。绿树成荫的Rainey街是德州市最热闹的娱乐区,平房改造成了室内外餐厅,让当地人和游客可以享受户外活动、音乐和美妙的天气。建筑为所在的Rainey街提供荫凉,促进了这种热闹社区街道的形成,建筑的南侧和西侧的花房和无边泳池提供享受全市美景的视野。

Programming is inspired by surrounding social forces.  Tree-lined Rainey Street is the city’s most visited entertainment district. Bungalows turned indoor-outdoor eateries allow locals and visitors to enjoy the outdoors, music, and fantastic weather. Along the building’s Rainey Street side, shady gathering spots foster community like the bustling street below while the south and west sides take advantage of panoramic views with garden rooms and an infinity edge pool.

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空中花园为居民提供了休闲场所,让人们保持心理健康、进行娱乐并享受大自然。花园东边是看日出的理想地点。花房是炎炎夏日阅读和沉思的理想场所,微风拂过,带来多年生植物、灌木和草木的清新气味。西边则是人们欣赏落日、鸟湖和奥斯汀广阔天际线的风景点。

The Sky Garden provides an escape where residents can maintain their mental wellness, engage in recreation, and enjoy nature. The east side is an ideal location to watch the sunrise. Garden rooms are a perfect retreat for reading and contemplation on hot summer days. Breezes lift the scent of perennials, shrubs and grasses into the air. The west edge captures views of the setting sun, Lady Bird Lake, and the vast Austin skyline.

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随着像奥斯汀这类城市的不断发展,70 Rainey将成为屋顶花园的一个重要案例。空中花园成功地重现了本土的自然景观,激活了环境,并为人类和植物提供了庇护所。

As cities like Austin continue to grow, 70 Rainey will serve as an important case study for rooftop gardens. The Sky Garden successfully recreates native and natural landscapes, revitalizes the environment, and provides a refuge for humans and flora alike.

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70 Rainey空中花园
项目地点:美国,德克萨斯州,奥斯汀市,70 Rainey

项目信息:
景观设计:Design Workshop, Inc.
合作伙伴:Markzeff; Cardno Haynes Whaley; Page/; Sackman Enterprises; Stantec; JAS Irrigation; Flintco
图片来源:Brandon Huttenlocher/ Design Workshop;Design Workshop

70 Rainey Sky Garden
Location: 70 Rainey, Austin, Texas, USA
Project Credits:
Landscape Architect: Design Workshop, Inc.;
Collaborators: Markzeff; Cardno Haynes Whaley; Page/; Sackman Enterprises; Stantec; JAS Irrigation; Flintco
Image Credits:
Brandon Huttenlocher/Design Workshop; Design Workshop

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