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新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第1张图片

Green Heart. Marina One Singapore / ingenhoven architects

由专筑网李韧,韩平编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:随着世界人口和气候问题日益加剧,全球经济与生活都受到了巨大挑战,而新加坡“滨海一号”项目是当地工作与生活的国际典范,该项目对新加坡城市发展也做出了巨大贡献。该综合体项目整体面积约400000平方米,其四座高层建筑围合成当地的城市“绿色之心”,并且建筑的公共空间也被充分利用。这种立体绿化设施有利于城市绿色植物多样性的发展。Aedes建筑设计事务所列出了该项目的一些分析图表和项目合伙人的访谈记录,还有一些关于建筑的纪录片。

Text description provided by the architects. As an international role model for living and working, "Marina One" makes an innovative contribution to the discourse on mega-cities, especially in tropical regions, which, in the context of increasing population and climate change, face enormous challenges. The high-density building complex with its mix of uses extends to over 400,000 square meters and, with its group of four high-rise buildings, defines the "Green Heart"—a public space extending over several stories. This three-dimensional green oasis reflects the diversity of tropical flora. Aedes presents diagrams and interviews with project participants, as well as a documentary film on the architecture.

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第2张图片
© HG Esch

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第3张图片
© HG Esch

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第4张图片
一层平面图/First Level Plan

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第5张图片
© HG Esch

该项目的核心元素是一个高达5米的雕塑作品,它为“滨海一号”项目带来了独特的生活气息。当今世界至少有一半人口都居住在城市里,而在未来30年,这一数据将增长至70%。到了2050年,世界人口将增长至90亿到100亿,对于城市来说,如果没有高层建筑,那整个城市将无法容纳如此迅速增长的人口速率。“滨海一号”由四座高层建筑组成,其核心概念是共享中央区域的“绿色之心”,该部分的设计由ingenhoven architects事务所与景观设计师Gustafson Porter + Bowman合作完成。

The central element of the exhibition is a spectacular five-meter high space sculpture which brings to life the unique shape of the "Marina One" buildings. Today, more than 50 percent of the world’s population lives in cities. This number will increase to 70 percent in the next three decades. By 2050, the world’s population will increase to nine or ten billion. In urban agglomerations, this growth cannot be accommodated without high-rise buildings. The core concept for "Marina One", which consists of a group of four high-rise buildings, is based on a shared central space—the "Green Heart"—which was designed by ingenhoven architects in close cooperation with landscape architects Gustafson Porter + Bowman.

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第6张图片
© HG Esch

建筑与中部花园之间的互动促进了空气的流通,这里也是新加坡中心商业区“滨海一号”最大的公共景观区域,它让住宅居民们更加贴近自然,设计师充分利用了原有规划面积,其面积利用率达到125%。“滨海一号”项目共有四座高层建筑,其中设置有办公、住宅以及零售区域,该项目达到LEED白金认证等级。两座办公塔楼的可用建筑面积约175000平方米,两座住宅塔楼内设置有1042套城市公寓,将服务约3000名城市公民。

The interaction between the geometry of the buildings and the garden facilitates natural ventilation and generates an agreeable microclimate. The largest public landscaped area in the Marina Bay Central Business District of Singapore provides living space close to nature, the usable area of which is 125 percent of the original site surface area. "Marina One" comprises four high-rise buildings which accommodate office, residential and retail functions and have been rated under the Green Mark Platinum and LEED Platinum schemes. The two office towers each have a usable floor area of 175,000 square meters; the two residential towers provide 1,042 city apartments and penthouses for about 3,000 residents.

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第7张图片
剖面图/Section

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第8张图片
© HG Esch

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第9张图片
© HG Esch

“滨海一号”项目建筑群通过统一的百叶系统和立体绿化种植系统改善环境小气候,增加生物多样性。建筑师受亚洲梯田的启发,通过层层叠叠的退台形式组成核心立体花园,由此来增加当地的物种多样性,并形成一个自然的栖息地。“绿色之心”包含有350多种不同类型的植物,其中约有700棵树木,绿化面积达37000平方米。其中也有种类繁多的小动物与人类和谐共生。在景观设计中,设计师的灵感来源于热带雨林不同竖向层次的自然气候变化,整个景观空间模仿了由于气候变化所引起的多样化绿谷形态。

The organic shape of the building complex with its iconic louvres and the generous planting contribute to an improvement of the microclimate and increase biodiversity. Inspired by Asian paddy field terraces, the green centre formed by the four towers—with its multi-story three-dimensional gardens—reflects the diversity of tropical flora and creates a new habitat. This "Green Heart" comprises over 350 different types of trees and plants, including 700 trees, on a landscaped area of 37,000 square meters. Various types of the animal become part of this biological diversity. Inspired by the natural climate changes at the different vertical levels of a rainforest, the landscape architecture mimics a green valley with its variations in climate according to level.

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第10张图片
渲染/Render

众多开放平台上设置有餐厅、咖啡厅、零售商店、健身房、游泳馆、超市、美食广场、大型活动场所等功能区域,为居民、游客,以及上班族带来不同的空间体验。该项目的整体布局紧凑高效,建筑师运用了具有节能作用的通风系统、高效外部太阳能设备,以及能够有效减少太阳辐射的玻璃系统。该项目的公共流线直接连接新加坡六条主要交通路线、公交车站、自行车停放点、电动车充电站点,尽量减少了私人汽车的使用,从而有效减少废弃的排放。

Restaurants and cafés, retail areas, a fitness club, pool, supermarket, food court, and events areas on the different open terraces not only provide products and services to the residents, office workers, and visitors—they also create a place for social interaction.The compact and efficient layout design is complemented by energy-saving ventilation systems, highly effective external solar screening devices, and glazing that reduces solar radiation into the building. Direct connections to four of Singapore’s six mass rapid transport lines, bus stops, bicycle parking facilities, and electro-mobile charging stations ensure that exhaust emissions caused by private transport are significantly reduced.

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第11张图片
住宅立面/Elevation - Residential

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第12张图片
© HG Esch

建筑立面和室内空间主要以古铜色为基调,从而与周边环境形成和谐的空间氛围。位于项目中心设置有一座极具空间感的雕塑作品,这件作品模仿了建筑的精致形态。一部来自建筑摄影师HG Esch的纪录片、项目参与者的访谈记录,以及整个项目的图形说明都启发参观的游客思考现代众多城市建筑。

The colour scheme of the interior and the building facade features calm and earthy bronze shades in order to support the harmonious atmosphere. A space-filling sculpture is a central exhibit in the Aedes Architectural Forum; it models the deliberate design of the building shape so that it can be fully appreciated. A documentary film of the building by architectural photographer HG Esch, interviews with project participants, and explanatory diagrams of the project provide visitors with new ideas for architecture in mega-cities.

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第13张图片
© HG Esch

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第14张图片
© HG Esch

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第15张图片
图表/Infographic

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第16张图片
场地平面图/Site Plan

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第17张图片
二层平面图/Second Level Plan

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第18张图片
经典平面图/Typical Floor Plan

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第19张图片
办公立面/Elevation - Offices

新加坡绿色之心:会呼吸的城第20张图片
草图/Sketch

建筑设计: ingenhoven architects
地点 :新加坡
项目建筑师 :architects61
面积 :400000.0 m2
项目时间 :2017年
摄影 :HG Esch
项目管理 :UEM Sunrise Berhad, Malaysia / Mapletree Investments Pte Ltd., Singapore
主创建筑设计 :ingenhoven architects, Düsseldorf, Germany / ingenhoven LLP, Singapore
景观设计 :Gustafson Porter + Bowman, London, UK
当地景观顾问:ICN Design International Pte Ltd , Singapore
结构机电设计 :BECA Carter Hollings & Ferner, Singapore
立面顾问:rup, Singapore
灯光顾问 :Arup, Singapore
住宅室内设计 :Axis ID, Singapore
施工技术人员 :Langdon & Seah, Singapore
主要承包商 :Joint venture company owned 60:40 by Hyundai Engineering & Construction and GS Engineering & Construction
打桩工程 :Sambo E & C, Singapore
客户:M+S Pte Ltd. Singapore, a company owned by Khazanah Nasional Berhad, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Temasek Holdings, Singapur

Architects: ingenhoven architects
Location: Singapore, Singapore
Project Architect: architects61
Area: 400000.0 m2
Project Year: 2017
Photographs: HG Esch
Project Management: UEM Sunrise Berhad, Malaysia / Mapletree Investments Pte Ltd., Singapore
Design Architect: ingenhoven architects, Düsseldorf, Germany / ingenhoven LLP, Singapore
Landscape Architecture: Gustafson Porter + Bowman, London, UK
Local Landscape Consultant: ICN Design International Pte Ltd , Singapore
Structural and M&E Engineers: BECA Carter Hollings & Ferner, Singapore
Facade Consultant: rup, Singapore
Lighting Consultant: Arup, Singapore
Residential Interior Designer: Axis ID, Singapore
Quantity Surveyor: Langdon & Seah, Singapore
Main Contractor: Joint venture company owned 60:40 by Hyundai Engineering & Construction and GS Engineering & Construction
Piling Contractor: Sambo E & C, Singapore
Client: M+S Pte Ltd. Singapore, a company owned by Khazanah Nasional Berhad, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Temasek Holdings, Singapur


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

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