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农房里的精致现代生活——葡萄牙乡村建筑改造第1张图片


农村社区面包房改造的葡萄牙度假屋
Rural community oven transformed into Portuguese holiday home

由专筑网K&C,小R编译

HBG 建筑事务所将葡萄牙东部一座古老的花岗岩材质的社区面包房改造为一座小型度假屋,建筑内设有可兼作桌子、长凳甚至壁炉的楼梯。

这座小房子,如今名为“乡村小屋”,位于葡萄牙Aldeia de João Pires村,几十年一直是客户的家庭财产。它以前被用作当地村民制作面包的作坊。

在闲置了半个多世纪之后,HBG建筑事务所对这座小屋进行了修缮,将其改造为度假屋,为客户的家庭提供聚会场所。

HBG Architects has converted an old granite community oven in east Portugal into a small holiday home, featuring a staircase with steps that double as a table, bench and fireplace.
The small building, now named Rural House in Portugal, is located in the village of Aldeia de João Pires and has been owned by the client's family for a number of decades. It was formerly used as a place where locals could pay to bake their bread dough.
After remaining unused for more than half a century, HBG Architects overhauled the building to transform it into a holiday home and space for the owner's family to gather.

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HBG建筑事务所旗下的里斯本工作室对此的描述是:“房子位于葡萄牙一个保存完好的小村庄的中心区域,周边的建筑都被闲置了半个多世纪。”

建筑师还描述说:“我们的愿景是把客户数十年闲置的老面包房改造成一座舒适的单卧室度假屋,在需要时可以让家人聚在一起。”

"Located in a small, well-preserved village in the rural centre of Portugal, the house, as many others around it, was closed and unused for more than half a century," explained Lisbon studio HBG Architects.
"The brief was to transform an ancient community oven, owned by the client’s family for decades, into a comfortable, single bedroom vacation house, with space to gather the family when needed," it added.

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HBG建筑事务所在改造过程中,保留了社区面包房原始山墙屋顶和粗糙的花岗岩立面,让建筑仍与当地民俗民风保持和谐统一。

对外立面的明显改动体现在对破旧的门廊的修复、红色窗户和木门的建造上。

HBG Architects' residential conversion retains the community oven's original gable roof and rough, bush-hammered granite facade in an effort to ensure it still complements the local vernacular.
The changes to its exterior are only evident where the ruined porch has been restored and new red windows and wooden doors added to the facade.

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室外的花岗岩墙壁与现代室内装饰形成鲜明对比,室内以混凝土和木材的材质及色调为主,工作室将其形容为“惬意感”和“阁楼式”。

木质的装饰和家具都是定制的,旨在“增加空间质感”,同时提供多个存储区域。

建筑师描述道:“粗糙的花岗岩所构筑的朴实而传统的外观让房子与周边的建筑融为一体,同时又与清晰的现代室内设计形成鲜明对比,精致地塑造了惬意、温暖和舒适的空间,并具有令人惊讶的发光度。”

Inside the granite walls are left exposed to contrast with the contemporary interiors, which are dominated by a material palette of concrete and timber – described by the studio as cosy and "loft-like".
The wooden detailing and furniture throughout are bespoke, intended to "add a sense of quality to the space" while providing multiple storage areas.
"An austere and traditional exterior materialised in rough granite blends gently with the surrounding constructions, but contrasts with a clearly contemporary interior, delicately shaped into a cosy, warm and comfortable space, with a surprising luminosity," said the studio.

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空间的一楼包括客厅和用餐区,以及在夹层下的厨房、浴室和储藏室。

二楼则包括卧室和第二个浴室,由隐藏在木条下的红色钢梁支撑,这些木条向上延伸,与天花板相交。

At ground level, the house comprises a living and dining area, alongside a kitchen, bathroom and pantry that are tucked below a mezzanine level.
The mezzanine, which hosts a sleeping area and second bathroom, is supported by a red-steel beam and concealed behind slats of wood that extend to meet the gabled ceiling.

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葡萄牙乡村住宅的点睛之笔是定制楼梯,由HBG建筑师事务所精心设计,其特点是不同尺寸的交错混凝土台阶和木质台阶。

混凝土台阶位于楼梯的底部,两个踏板向外延伸到地面,成为厨房的餐桌、带坐垫的长凳以及黑色壁炉。

The focal point of Rural House in Portugal is its bespoke staircase, which has been designed by HBG Architects with a mix of wood and concrete steps that vary in size.
The concrete steps are positioned at the bottom of the staircase and two of the treads extend outwards into the ground floor space to become a dining table for the kitchen as well as a cushioned bench and fireplace for a black woodburning stove.

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最后改造的亮点是二楼、门廊和红框木制百叶窗,皆引入了日光。

据HBG建筑事务所称,窗户的位置精准地控制了日照量,而且所投下的光影在粗粝花岗岩和木头上会产生戏剧性的效果。

Finishing touches to the renovation include the introduction of skylights in the mezzanine and doorways and windows with wooden shutters and red frames.
According to HBG Architects, the windows are positioned to carefully control lighting in the dwelling and create "dramatic effects on the bush-hammered stone and on the wooden elements".

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原建筑的露台上还设有棚架、小花园、绿化和泳池,事务所对其进行了完整的改造。

HBG建筑事务所由Henrique Barros-Gomes于2010年在葡萄牙里斯本成立。葡萄牙乡下小屋入围了今年Dezeen奖中的住宅改造类别。

The home is complete with a restoration of the existing walled patio, which features a shed, small garden, trees and a pool.
HBG Architects is a Portuguese architecture studio founded by Henrique Barros-Gomes in Lisbon in 2010. The Rural House in Portugal is longlisted for this year's Dezeen Awards in the residential rebirth category.

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葡萄牙其他涉及乡村房屋改建的项目有NOARQ的石头别墅,其特点是鲜红色的装饰;还有Andreia Garcia建筑事务所对一座建在旧酒窖上的小亭子的改造。

照片来源Ricardo Oliveira Alves

Other rural houses in Portugal that involve pre-existing buildings include a stone villa by NOARQ with bright red details and the tiny Pavilion House by Andreia Garcia Architectural Affairs that is built atop an old wine cellar.
Photography is by Ricardo Oliveira Alves.

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