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尊重自然,与自然和谐共处的住宅第1张图片


罗马尼亚E+E住宅
E+E House / Ene+Ene Arhitectura

由专筑网飞鱼,小R编译

“将建筑设计成你想象的样子”,这是DumbravaVlăsiei建筑竞赛的标题,该项目的建筑师也受邀一起参加,这个项目唯一的限制是当地城市法规和预算。作为建筑师,会将建筑设计成最理想的样子,但是当它最终实现是,他会意识到,其实这也不是什么大问题。在一个零起点的场所中,这里缺乏空间、生态感、历史感和文化底蕴,因此相较于解决这些问题,建筑设计原有的创意性过程变显得不那么突出了。最终,各项条件的缺失会使得建筑师不断地自我完善,从而构思出带有个人价值观念的作品。

"Imagine a house the way you want it to be", this was the assignment of the Dumbrava Vlăsiei architecture competition, in which we were invited to participate, and where the single constraints were the local urban regulations and a budget limit. For an architect, this can be the kind of moment which he dreams of, but when it eventually appears, he realizes that the inexistence of normal architectural impositions can be a deceptive trap. The lack of spatial, morphological, historical or cultural landmarks that characterizes interventions in a completely new neighborhood, at the zero points of its becoming, is sometimes a more important obstacle than it may seem in starting and developing the creative process inherent to architecture. Consequently, the lack of limits generates self-censorship, the conscious development of a personal set of values.

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Dumbrava Vlăsie 是一座罗马尼亚的典型住宅,建筑场地距离罗马尼亚首都布加勒斯特开车不到一小时,周边有森林、街道、绿色公共空间,它们尺度各不相同, Dumbrava Vlăsie 是一个特殊的场所,见证了整个设计与建造的过程。巨大的公园位于新社区中心的右侧,一些元素都经过了特殊处理,例如城市小品、马路、人行道、路灯等,在项目阶段都经过仔细考虑,而且都经过严格的操控。

Dumbrava Vlăsiei prefigures to become an atypical residential district for the real estate developments in Romania. Less than an hour drive from Bucharest, surrounded by forest, with an interesting urban design, with sinuous streets and green public spaces, with lots of different shapes and size, Dumbrava Vlăsiei is slowly becoming a special place, and this is already evident from what has been built up to the present. A public park of remarkable scale and complexity is set right in the heart of the new neighborhood. The elements that make up the specific equipment, the urban furniture, the roadway, the sidewalks, the street lighting are taken into account during the project phase and are put into operation with the utmost rigor.

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建筑师的想法是设计一座单层住宅,建筑与庭院有视线上的联系,每一个空间都可以到达室外,但是与前面的街道也有直接的联系。线性空间发展垂直于街道,根据功能布置空间。为了使空间更自由,各个房间之间由功能墙分隔,其厚度相同,其中包括家具和设备,衣柜、书架、厨房台面都应用了同样的材质。

The first idea was to develop a house on a single level, with more than just a visual connection with its courtyard, each space having access to the exterior, but with a discreet relationship with the street front. A linear spatial development, perpendicular to the street, a succession of spatial sequences calibrated according to the functional necessities assigned to each of them. To free the inner spaces as much as possible, the rooms are delimited one from the other by functional walls, always of the same thickness, containing furniture and equipment - from wardrobes and shelves to kitchen countertops.

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两个室外庭院打破房子的线形布局。一个位于入口,另一个庭院则更宽阔一些,与厨房和餐厅相连。建筑分为两个区域,一个紧邻街道,为日常生活而设计,空间流动性较好,而另一边的黑色区域是私人部分,该部分的设计参考了“车厢小屋”的概念,其具有当地建筑的形态特征,整体空间十分简约,对于当代建筑来说,这种类型的建筑具有很大的潜力。

Two external courtyards interrupt the linearity of the house, one that announces the access and another, more generous, in relation to the kitchen and the dining room. The house is divided into two areas, the one adjacent to the street, designed for the daily life, characterized by space fluidity, and the retracted, with a view to the opposite side, night area, which ensures privacy. A possible reference was what, sometimes with contempt, is called the "wagon house", which has a morphology characteristic of the rural area in question, and which, despite its apparent simplicity, has a spatial potential still insufficiently exploited in contemporary local architecture.

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建筑设计:Ene+Ene Arhitectura
位置:罗马尼亚
类型:住宅
主创建筑师:Mihai Ene, Adela Ene
设计团队:Mikhail Martianov, Anna Zamry, Margarita Dikova
面积:280.0 ㎡
项目时间:2019年
摄影:Cosmin Dragomir
客户:Loreco Investments SRL
工程设计:Profesional Construct Proiectare, Alma Instal Pro
景观设计:Ene+Ene Arhitectura
顾问:Vision Property Partners

Architects: Ene+Ene Arhitectura
Location: Romania
Category: Houses
Lead Architects: Mihai Ene, Adela Ene
Area: 280.0 ㎡
Project Year: 2019
Photographs: Cosmin Dragomir
Clients: Loreco Investments SRL
Engineering: Profesional Construct Proiectare, Alma Instal Pro
Landscape: Ene+Ene Arhitectura
Consultants: Vision Property Partners

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