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2050年的巴黎林荫大道第1张图片


Carlo Ratti imagines how Boulevard Périphérique in Paris will look in 2050

由专筑网李韧,王雪纯编译

Carlo Ratti认为,巴黎著名的Périphérique环路车道会削掉一半,这一部分会成为禁止通行的运动场。

这位意大利建筑师在城市环境技术方面是世界领头人,他通过5个全新概念设计来探索让巴黎适应自动化、电子化、数据化的发展道路。

Ratti全新的概念应用于Pavillon de l'Arsenal展馆举办的展览之中,这座展馆是建筑与城市化的核心。

Paris' famous Périphérique ring road could have its car lanes slashed by half and replaced by a playground in the switch to driverless cars, says Carlo Ratti.
The Italian architect, who is one of the world's leading voices on technology in urban environments, has explored how Paris could adapt its roads to an autonomous, electric and data-rich future in five new concept designs.
Ratti's New Deal concepts are part of an exhibition currently on at the Pavillon de l'Arsenal, the city's centre for architecture and urbanism.

2050年的巴黎林荫大道第2张图片

Périphérique林荫大道的设计构成了一个巨大的运动场/The two designs for Boulevard Périphérique include one creating a huge playground

本次展览名为“Les Routes du Futur du Grand Paris”,主要展出对2050年法国首都巴黎的主道路设想。

Ratti不仅构思了Périphérique大道,其设计与创新工作室Carlo Ratti Associati还展示了了A6高速道路效果图,将其应用于农业与能源生产之中。

Ratti认为这些变化充满了可能,因为电动自动驾驶汽车会让道路更加干净与安全。

Ratti认为:“在20世纪,城市居民需要为更多的道路与车辆让出空间,而在今天,我们可以通过移动化来进行创新,构成联系更加紧密也更具包容性的城市。”

Titled Les Routes du Futur du Grand Paris, the exhibition looks at how the French capital's major roads might evolve in the decades to 2050.
As well as the reimagined Boulevard Périphérique, Ratti's design and innovation office Carlo Ratti Associati envisions repurposing most of the A6 highway for farming and energy production.
According to Ratti, these changes are possible because electric and autonomous vehicles (EVs and AVs) will make roads cleaner and safer.
"In the 20th century, urbanists made space for bigger roads and more cars," said Ratti. "Today, we can leverage innovation in mobility to imagine creating a more seamless and inclusive city."

2050年的巴黎林荫大道第3张图片

Périphérique大道的第二项设计是在道路上建设可持续建筑/The second design for Périphérique imagines sustainable buildings above the road

设计团队充分利用了Ratti在麻省理工学院Senseable City实验室的研究成果,构成了5个全新的概念。

其中的两个设计方案应用在巴黎Périphérique道路之中,其长度为35公里,是欧洲最为繁忙的道路。

其中一个概念名为“Living Laterality”,研究者认为,随着交通量的减少,道路的使用率会更高,因此大部分道路可以用作运动场。

这个概念参考了“活力街道”项目的模块化地砖,该项目由CRA与谷歌Sidewalk实验室共同开发。

在这个项目中,六边形的路面能够在几分钟之内轻易地抬起或移动,那么这样一来,同样的街道在不同的时间里就可以具备不同的功能。

The design team drew on Ratti's research at MIT's Senseable City Lab, which he heads, to develop the five New Deal concepts.
Two of the five designs take on Paris' Boulevard Périphérique, whose 35 kilometres constitute the busiest stretch of road in Europe.
One concept, titled Habiter Le Lateralité (Living Laterality), imagines that with less traffic moving more efficiently on the road, the majority of lanes are given over to a reconfigurable playground instead.
This concept references the Dynamic Street modular paving tiles CRA developed together with Google's Sidewalk Labs last year.
The hexagonal pavers are designed to be easily picked up and moved around within minutes, meaning the same segment of street can provide different functions throughout the day.

2050年的巴黎林荫大道第4张图片

La Voie Monde在巴黎A6公路上设计了一座光伏发电厂/La Voie Monde creates a photovoltaic plant on Paris' massive A6 highway

Périphérique的另一个概念则名为“Living Above”。在这个概念中,研究者们将横跨环形道路的绿色住宅构想为“宜居桥体”。研究者认为,在当前的环境下,环形道路可以将巴黎的历史中心和郊区分隔开。

那么“Living Above”概念便会为两个地区之间的历史痕迹起到重组作用。

第三个概念名为“The Street of the World”,主要关注于巴黎的A6高速公路。

这个概念有着未来的技术,其12车道会被减少至4车道,部分原区域会改造为温室或是光伏发电厂,从而吸收太阳能。在这个概念设计中,电力车辆能够在此进行充电。

The other Périphérique concept is titled Habiter les Dessus (Living Above). It imagines green residential buildings spanning the ring road like "inhabitable bridges". CRA points out that in its current state, the ring road sharply divides the historic centre of Paris and its outer suburbs, or "banlieues".
The Living Above concept would have the effect of "recomposing a historical fracture between the two Parises".
A third concept, titled La Voie Monde (The Street of the World), focuses on Paris' massive A6 highway.
It proposes that with future technologies, its 12 lanes could be reduced down to just four, with those previously running down the middle turned into greenhouses or a photovoltaic plant generating solar energy. The concepts show EVs charging in this repurposed segment of road.

2050年的巴黎林荫大道第5张图片

“Multimodalite Partout”则是转换小屋,在这里自动驾驶汽车会完成最后的运行/Multimodalite Partout imagines a transit hub where AVs meet last-mile transport

这两个概念都促进了实时移动数据对于公共交通与公共空间的作用。

“Multimodalite Partout”展示出如同广场般的交通枢纽,在这里,迷你巴士大小的自动驾驶汽车能够像共享单车为人们提供服务。

“The Dynamic Road”则说明了这些交通站点在一天当中消失或是出现的各种可能性,它们完全符合使用者的需求。

The final two concepts address how real-time mobility data can enhance public transport and public spaces.
Multimodalite Partout (Multimodality Everywhere) shows a plaza-like mass transit hub where minibus-sized AVs meet last-mile transport options such as share bikes and scooters.
La Voie Dynamique (The Dynamic Road) suggests the possibility of these hubs appearing and disappearing at different times of the day, as they suit the transport needs of commuters.

2050年的巴黎林荫大道第6张图片

La Voie Dynamique表明交通站点可能出现或消失/La Voie Dynamique suggests the possibility of these hubs appearing and disappearing

CRA事务所位于意大利都灵。该事务所的其他道路项目由交通监控智能系统。

Ratti当前是深圳Bi-City城市建筑双年展的策展人,这也是唯一关注城市化与科技的双年展。

“Les Routes du Futur du Grand Paris”由Forum Métropolitain du Grand Paris组织,于2019年6月6日到2019年8月31日在Pavilion de l'Arsenal开展。

图片来源:Gary di Silvio, Pasquale Milieri and Gianluca Zimbardi

CRA is based in Turin, Italy. Among the studio's other roads-based projects is a smart system with traffic-monitoring drones.
Ratti is currently involved in curating the Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism\Architecture in Shenzhen, the only biennale to focus on urbanism and technology.
The Les Routes du Futur du Grand Paris is organised by the Forum Métropolitain du Grand Paris. It opened at the Pavilion de l'Arsenal on 6 June and runs until 31 August 2019.
Images are by Gary di Silvio, Pasquale Milieri and Gianluca Zimbardi.


项目信息:
展览策划:SEURA, CRA-Carlo Ratti Associati, Jornet Llop Pastor, Anna Cervera, Marina Zahonero, Leonard
CRA团队:Carlo Ratti, Giovanni de Niederhausern, Andrea Cassi, Gerolamo Gnecchi Ruscone, Serena Giardina, Chiara Borghi

Project credits:
Exhibition credits: SEURA, CRA-Carlo Ratti Associati, Jornet Llop Pastor, Anna Cervera, Marina Zahonero, Leonard
CRA team: Carlo Ratti, Giovanni de Niederhausern, Andrea Cassi, Gerolamo Gnecchi Ruscone, Serena Giardina, Chiara Borghi

        
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