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蔓延天边的通道,是城市社区的连接纽带第1张图片


滨水连接体项目
Waterview Connection / Warren and Mahoney

由专筑网李韧,吴静雅编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:新西兰运输机构的滨水连接体项目被政府成为“国家最有意义”的项目,目的是改善奥克兰的交通网络。

Text description provided by the architects. Dubbed a project of “national significance” by our government, the New Zealand Transport Agency’s Waterview Connection was conceptualised to improve Auckland’s transport network.

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该项目面向西部环线和机场沿线开放,有着两条2.5公里的平行隧道,这为复杂的交通系统提供了安全便捷、通畅高效的道路。另外该项目还穿过奥克兰人口最为密集的街区,因此也成为全国最大的基础设施,项目景观、传统居民与土地的关系是建筑师最为关注的部分。

Opening up the Western Ring and airport routes with two, 2.5-kilometre parallel tunnels, it provides a safer, less-congested and more time-efficient alternative to complex drives around suburbia. Passing through some of Auckland’s most densely-populated neighbourhoods, there was no doubt that the Connection was needed – but as the largest infrastructure project undertaken in the country to date, local views and ancestral Māori ties to land were of paramount concern.

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这个项目耗时6年,参与人数约1万,项目建筑师Tom Locke咨询了当地社区之后,项目便如期进行,每两周会举行一次设计会议,建筑师和社区代表就当地文化、历史,以及设计的发展等问题进行沟通。高速公路和公共社区是社区的项目特征,设计方法也反应了环境的关注点。当地的杂志称该项目是“咨询与设计的范例”,建筑师以人为本,更多地考虑了人的感受与使用。

The six-year process, which involved more than 10,000 people, began after consulting what project architect Tom Locke calls “the true experts” – the local community.  Fortnightly design sessions discussed plans with community representatives to discover geological ties, cultural connections and shared histories.  The motorway and public realm were seen as distinctly separate identities by the community, with the design developed to reflect each environment’s focus. Described by a local magazine as “a model of how to consult and carry on”, the project unconventionally sought to put people, not cars, at the project’s heart.

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滨水连接体项目正如其名,保持了城市的联系,Te Whitinga人行天桥将Mount Roskill和Mount Albert社区同全新道路连接在一起,这座天桥将周边火山装点为绿色公共空间、水域,以及鸟类栖息地。这座大桥有着深色火山岩桥墩,并且通过三条曲线形成滨水的标志性火山景观。

The Waterview Connection sought to do what its name implied – to preserve local connections.  Bridging the communities of Mount Roskill and Mount Albert over the new highway, the Te Whitinga pedestrian bridge referenced the arcs of surrounding volcanoes over a wetland area lush with green public spaces, waterways and a habitat for native birds. Finishing on dark volcanic basalt legs, the bridge’s form added to Waterview’s iconic, volcanic landscape in three sweeping curves.

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这条通道也通向另一个场所,那里是48座活火山的诞生地。通道的入口灯火通明,其设计参考了奥克兰火山爆发地点的历史特征,因此墙体的设计仿照汹涌熔岩,入口的黑曜石同样具有引导性,也是传统居民的象征,表达了早期建造的农业工具。在南部入口,建筑师与传统居民Ngāti Whātua ōrākei、Te Kawerau a Maki合作,设计了两个混凝土艺术作品,用以描述两位民间英雄Hinemairangi与Tamareia逃入熔岩的勇敢事迹。

The tunnel offered another opportunity to link to place - the birthplace of 48 active and dormant volcanoes. Headlined by a portal glowing with diffused golden light, the tunnel referenced Auckland’s history as a volcanic eruption site through striated basalt walling, simulating the experience of moving through its once-surging lava. Formed to mirror the early Māori horticultural tools that built our first networks, the obsidian Pou at the tunnel’s entrance also represented a head, the Māori symbol of strength and guidance for travel. At the Southern Entrance, collaborations with Māori tribes Ngāti Whātua ōrākei and Te Kawerau a Maki created two concrete artworks depicting Hinemairangi and Tamareia, two folklore heroes who escaped into a lava tube to avoid capture.

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滨水社区既是项目强有力的支持者,也是最严苛的批评者,这对设计团队形成巨大挑战,整个项目有效改善了奥克兰的基础设施模式,这也成为当地不可缺少的财富。当地官员Margi Watson总结道:

“这个项目具有一定设计挑战,对于好成果的渴望,整个社区的参与,最终建成了这座既复杂又与社区环境密切关联的好建筑。”

The project’s strongest supporters and harshest critics, the Waterview community challenged our team to reverse Auckland’s infrastructure model, to deliver to Aucklanders without taking away. Local councillor Margi Watson summed up the community engagement process thus:
“It ensured that there were opportunities to challenge design, look for better outcomes, seek community input and deliver a construction project that is both complex and built with respect to the surrounding environment and community.”

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滨水连接体项目最初只是一个城市交通基础设施,通过社区参与、研究、与毛利人沟通之后,建筑师发掘契机,并且保护、强调了整个社区环境。

Waterview Connection was originally an urban infrastructure project with transport-related goals. Through community engagement, research and consultation with Māori, we have seized the opportunity to discover, preserve and enhance our communities and environment at the same time.

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建筑设计:Warren and Mahoney
地点:新西兰,奥克兰
主创建筑师:Shannon Joe, Tom Locke
其他合作方:Warren and Mahoney in partnership with the Well Connected Alliance team comprising NZTA, Fletcher Construction, McConnell Dowell Constructors, Parsons Brinkerhoff NZ, Beca Infrastructure, Tonkin and Taylor, Boffa Miskell and Obayashi Corporation
项目时间:2017年
摄影:Sam Hartnett
制造商:Allco, Resene

Architects: Warren and Mahoney
Location: Auckland, New Zealand
Lead Architects: Shannon Joe, Tom Locke
Other participants: Warren and Mahoney in partnership with the Well Connected Alliance team comprising NZTA, Fletcher Construction, McConnell Dowell Constructors, Parsons Brinkerhoff NZ, Beca Infrastructure, Tonkin and Taylor, Boffa Miskell and Obayashi Corporation
Project Year: 2017
Photographs: Sam Hartnett
Manufacturers: Allco, Resene

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