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Padova的未来校园会是如何模样?第1张图片


Bak Gordon Arquitectos事务所对未来校园的规划设计竞赛方案
Bak Gordon Arquitectos – Piave Futura Campus. Padova IT . 2019

由专筑网亚森君,王雪纯编译

当我们在提到Padova市最显眼的城市建筑标志时,免不了会提到这座城市的门廊/廊道网络,因为这些门廊所组成的连续的街道界面既定义了公共空间边界,又促进了社区融合。

由凹形门与空旷空间所形成的一系列界面,为城市及城市环境提供了一种独特的氛围。在这种氛围下,公共空间能变得更加舒适,在此活动的人们不仅会感到更加亲切,还能感受到如家庭一般的温馨。

If we were to refer to one of the most distinctive marks of the city of Padova in terms of its urban structure, it would be inevitable to account for a network of covered porticos/galeries that organize the routes and open up to define square spaces, public places of community convergence.
This network of gantry cranes and empty spaces lends the city and its urban environment a unique atmosphere in which the public space offers itself more comfortable, and where urban life gains an intimate character and an almost domestic taste.

Padova的未来校园会是如何模样?第2张图片


公共空间

占主导地位的各类建筑的周边都有着空旷的空间和广场和,从而在积极空间与消极空间之间创造了一种有趣的模糊感,这两者无疑让城市空间变得更为宜居。

这种设计方法也是对当地地理条件和气候条件的回应,能够避免Padovana平原受到严冬和酷暑的影响,从而使城市更加宜居。

Urban Space
The most dominant buildings are surrounded by squares and empty spaces, creating an interesting ambiguity between positive and negative, in which both contribute to the virtues of urban space.
This way of building the city is also a response to the geographical and climatic conditions of the place, protecting the urban habitability from the adverse winter conditions or the hot summers of the Padovana plain.

Padova的未来校园会是如何模样?第3张图片


新校区/大花园

新校区项目实施的首个条件就是需要让Padova市与圣奥古斯丁修道院的遗址产生关联,通过改造再利用来取代这个曾经被孤立、被遗忘的空间,让该空间再次成为实施城市和城市发展的战略的新门户。

New Campus/Hortus Magnus
The first condition that the new campus project imposes on itself is to extend the city of Padova again to the site of the convent of St. Augustine, replacing an isolated and forgotten space with a place of the future that will once again become a new gateway to the city and a strategic place for urban development.

Padova的未来校园会是如何模样?第4张图片


因此,必须在这里建造一处具有连续的城市形态的历史中心,重建一处新的大花园、一处能够传播知识的新学校,并使其成为聚合科学与居民的核心场所,在这里,居民还会感受到自然与城市的融合。

It is therefore essential to build an urbanity in this place that constitutes a morphological continuity with the historic centre, recreating a new Hortus Magnus, a new school capable of spreading knowledge, and becoming the motor of aggregation between a highly qualified scientific community and the citizens who will find a natural extension of their city here.

Padova的未来校园会是如何模样?第5张图片


Portico/Aqueduct(系统和基础设施)

将诸如门廊和水渠等设计元素合为一体,使的新校区转化为可调控的城市基础设施系统,此种设计理念是项目的DNA。

正是这种DNA,使得其起源最终融合在城市历史长河和各类使用功能中,而这种设计方式,确保了整体系统能够容纳任何时间和任何功能的建筑,构建了一处保障基础设施高效运转的领土,因而创造了一处既永恒又全新的场所。

Portico/Aqueduct (System and Infrastructure)
The idea of portico and aqueduct, merged into a single element and transformed into an urban infrastructure capable of generating a regulatory system, constitutes the DNA of the project.
It is this genetic instruction, the origin of which is gathered in the remote history of the city and its functioning, that is here manipulated to ensure a system capable of associating all times and architectures, full and empty spaces, structuring the territory and ensuring it a technical infrastructure, technological and highly effective, giving rise to a place that is both timeless and absolutely new.

Padova的未来校园会是如何模样?第6张图片


该系统用于确保所有校园建筑之间的连接,并提供交叉和覆盖的生活区域,同时确保所有建筑之间的基础设施连接体系。该种系统网络不需要在地下运输,从而避免影响潜在的考古遗址,并将其自身作为一种易于使用且易于维护的元素。

This system is used to ensure connections between all campus buildings, providing crossings and covered living areas, while ensuring a network of technical infrastructure connections between all volumes built. This technological and systemic network does not need to be transported underground, thus avoiding all confrontations with a potential archaeological site and offering itself as an accessible and easily maintained element.

Padova的未来校园会是如何模样?第7张图片


但也正是这个门廊/水渠组织,调整了空间结构的大小,划分了不同的区域,形成了一个有明确界限但可渗透的空间矩阵。

这个系统最有趣的一个方面是它自身即可定义外部的空间和新的建筑,除此之外并不需要任何其他建筑来进行定义。

But it is also this portico/aqueduct that organizes and sizes the whole structure of the place, subdividing the different sectors, giving rise to a matrix of empty spaces with defined but absolutely permeable limits.
Perhaps one of the most interesting aspects of this system is the fact that it is possible, through its materialization, to define both the exterior covered spaces and the new buildings, without the need for any other architecture than that of its own genesis.

Padova的未来校园会是如何模样?第8张图片


Padova的未来校园会是如何模样?第9张图片


Padova的未来校园会是如何模样?第10张图片


Padova的未来校园会是如何模样?第11张图片


建筑设计:Bak Gordon Arquitectos
顾问和合伙人:Studio Muratori & Zanon, Studio Associato Tranchida, Studio Campanella Tessoni, STC Group, PROAP, Ar.glo. Engineering Group, Geoarcheologi Associati, Antonio Buggin, Federico Muratori and Luciano Ricci
合作:José Pedro Cano, Pietro Dardano, Fábio Ferreira, Maria Barreiros, Barbara Fonseca, João Aires Neves
地点:意大利,帕多瓦
客户:Università Degli Studi di Padova
面积:29.315m2
花费:46.796.933,00€
摄影:Stefano Farina

Architecture Coordination: Bak Gordon Arquitectos
Consultants and Associates: Studio Muratori & Zanon, Studio Associato Tranchida, Studio Campanella Tessoni, STC Group, PROAP, Ar.glo. Engineering Group, Geoarcheologi Associati, Antonio Buggin, Federico Muratori and Luciano Ricci
Collaboration: José Pedro Cano, Pietro Dardano, Fábio Ferreira, Maria Barreiros, Barbara Fonseca, João Aires Neves
Site location: Padova, Italy
Client: Università Degli Studi di Padova
Areas: 29.315m2 Construction
Date: Competition 2019
Cost: 46.796.933,00€
Images: Stefano Farina

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