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看似朴素的木头建筑,处处是高科技的结晶第1张图片

Image: Heatherwick Studio

多伦多的高大木建筑
Tall Timber in Toronto

由专筑网邵红佳,李韧编译

Waterfront Toronto与 Alphabet公司的Sidewalk Labs发布了一张方案图。在此方案中,他们创造了一座混合功能的社区。这个方案的特点在于建筑都由木块构成。

方案的演示文稿可以在Sidewalk Toronto的网页上找到PDF版本。建筑师将12英亩(约4.56公顷)的码头改造成一座智能社区,总占地面积将会达到190英亩(约76.89公顷),其中包括谷歌的加拿大总部。一年前Oliver Pohlisch将认为该方案是“陷入谷歌魔掌的多伦多”。这个方案将由谷歌的母公司Alphabet策划,以前纽约市副市长Dan Doctoroff为首的Sidewalk Labs也是Alphabet的子公司。他们开发了智能建筑,可以在街区道路测试无人驾驶车辆,且有安装传感器和摄像头来收集有关环境条件、噪音水平和交通密度等信息。

Waterfront Toronto and Alphabet’s Sidewalk Labs have released a project update for their creation of a mixed-use neighborhood on Toronto's Eastern Waterfront, complete with renderings that depict buildings made from mass timber.
The presentation (available as a PDF on Sidewalk Toronto's website) gives some graspable form to the controversial project that would transform 12 acres of Quayside into a smart neighborhood, with a second phase (including Google Canadian HQ) bringing the grand total to 190 acres. As described a year ago in Oliver Pohlisch's "Toronto Falls into Google’s Clutches," the project is being masterminded by Google's parent company Alphabet, and its subsidiary, Sidewalk Labs, headed by former New York City deputy mayor Dan Doctoroff, and would include "intelligent" buildings, testing of self-driving vehicles on its roads, and the installation of sensors and cameras to collect information on environmental conditions, noise levels and traffic density.

看似朴素的木头建筑,处处是高科技的结晶第2张图片

Image: Sidewalk Labs

最新的项目方案展示淡化了智能城市的概念,将创新的重点放在建筑上。建筑师致力于打造更多样的保障性住房,提供数千个工作岗位和一座城市创新研究所,在公共空间的设计中融入可持续发展的概念。数字化改革仍在继续,百分百WiFi/5G覆盖,通过应用程序对步行区进行管理,利用在港口附近的数据基础设施的“公民数据信托”,来管理匿名和可公开访问的数据。

The February 14 presentation plays down some of these "smart city" features in favor of promoting innovative construction and building programs, a higher mix of affordable housing than the norm, the creation of thousands of jobs and an "Urban Innovation Institute," the creation of public spaces, and the incorporation of numerous sustainable features. Digital Innovations are still there, to be sure, including 100% wifi/5G coverage for the whole development, the management of pedestrian areas by app, and a "Civic Data Trust" for managing the anonymous and publicly accessible data across Quayside's digital infrastructure.

看似朴素的木头建筑,处处是高科技的结晶第3张图片

Image: Snøhetta

“尺度”是在项目方案里经常提及的词。其实,在建造了最初在12英亩的码头原型之后,Sidewalk Labs就一直在讨论是否需要将整个项目扩大为190英亩。例如,货运隧道只设置在比Quayside规模更大的地方。自动驾驶汽车、气候积极建筑,以及建造大型木材塔的“高大木材厂”也是如此。

Scale is an oft-repeated word in the presentation. In essence, Sidewalk Labs is arguing that it would need to build out the entire 190 acres after making the initial investment in "prototypes" on the 12-acre Quayside site. Freight tunnels, for instance, would only work at a scale larger than Quayside. Ditto automated vehicles, "climate positive" buildings, and the "Tall Timber Factory" it would erect to build the mass-timber towers.

看似朴素的木头建筑,处处是高科技的结晶第4张图片

Image: Heatherwick Studio

从数量上看,一期工程(约占整个工程的15%)总建筑面积将达到300万平方英尺(约278709平方米),由3000个住宅单元组成,提供约3900个就业岗位。据发言人称,40%的住房低于市场价格、20%的住房为经济适用房、20%适合中等收入人群,中等收入住房这种分类在多伦多基本不存在。两期工程总面积将达3500万平方英尺(约3251606平方米),拥有33000个住宅单元和45000个工作岗位。

In terms of numbers, the first phase (approximately 15% of the complete project) would total 3 million square feet, be made up of 3,000 residential units, and provide 3,900 jobs "on site." Forty percent of the housing would be below market rate, with 20% affordable and up to 20% middle income; the latter category is basically non-existent in Toronto per the presentation. The full, two-phase project would total 35 million square feet, with 33,000 residential units, and 45,000 jobs "on site."

看似朴素的木头建筑,处处是高科技的结晶第5张图片

Image: Heatherwick Studio

参与该项目的建筑师来自Michael Green Architecture、Heatherwick Studio、Snøhetta。《Architect's Newspaper》称,“Michael Green Architecture公司开发了大量的木材组件,而Snøhetta和heatherwick工作室设计了校园、创新区、公共区域等空间的建筑概念。”

The architects involved on the project are Michael Green Architecture, Heatherwick Studio, and Snøhetta. Their names are nowhere to be found on the latest project update, but according to Architect's Newspaper, "Michael Green Architecture has developed a mass timber kit-of-parts, and Snøhetta and Heatherwick Studio have designed building concepts for the campus, innovation zone, common areas, and other spaces."

看似朴素的木头建筑,处处是高科技的结晶第6张图片

Image: Snøhetta

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