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大理石家具出现在街头,会是一种怎样的存在?第1张图片


伦敦Selfridges百货公司的街道家具
Djao-Rakitine creates monolithic street furniture for London's Selfridges

由专筑网王帅,李韧编译

伦敦Djao-Rakitine景观事务所在伦敦Selfridges百货公司外建造了一座完整的大理石饮用水装置和座椅。

这些雕塑街道家具位于百货公司东侧全新入口的外部,该部分由David Chipperfield建筑事务所设计。

这款类似于巨石一样的家具由Selfridges百货公司委托开发,它属于Duke街公共领域项目,该项目旨在提升整体街道体验,包括夜景、铺路、交通、家具品质和行人舒适度。

Landscape architecture practice Djao-Rakitine has erected a monolithic marble drinking water fountain and bench outside London's Selfridges department store.
The sculptural street furniture is located directly outside of the store's new eastern entrance designed by David Chipperfield Architects.
The boulder-like furniture was commissioned by Selfridges as part of the Duke Street public realm project, which seeks to upgrade the overall streetscape experience, including the quality of street lighting, paving, furniture, pedestrian comfort and traffic.

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饮用水喷泉和长凳由意大利大理石制成,它们会成为Selfridges百货公司新出口的焦点,为消费者与行人提供见面、休息,以及休闲的场所。

Djao-Rakitine建筑事务所在巴黎和伦敦都设有工作室,它的创始人 Irène Djao-Rakitine告诉Dezeen的记者:“加上宽阔而又崭新的人行道,我们提出了广场的概念,希望可以在新入口前和街道上创造出场所精神,这里有四棵特别的树和两个雕塑元素,即大理石长凳和饮水喷泉。”

Made from Italian marble, the drinking water fountain and bench are intended to create a focus point in front of the new Selfridges entrance, while providing a place to rest, meet and rehydrate.
"Together with the wider and renewed pavements, we developed the idea of a plaza, a sense of place in front of the new entrance and within the streetscape, including four feature trees as well as two sculptural elements – the marble bench and fountain," the Paris- and London-based firm's founder Irène Djao-Rakitine told Dezeen.

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她继续说:“饮水喷泉的构思由Selfridges百货公司提出,这与他们的海洋项目息息相关,该项目主要是防止塑料瓶的随意丢弃。”

“最开始项目应用在百货公司内部,而后来我们迅速意识到饮水喷泉属于公共财产,应该位于公共场所。”

"The idea of the drinking fountain was initiated by Selfridges and is in direct relation with their Ocean project against plastic bottles proliferation," she continued.
"It was initially planned to be inside the department store but it quickly became clear that the drinking fountain should be public and located in the public realm."

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雕塑大理石长凳上有四个不同大小和形状的座位,目的是适应不同的人群。

在谈到开发过程时,Djao-Rakitine说到:“我们从手绘开始。”

“然后,我用黏土做出模型并进行雕刻,经过多次的修整,直到Djao-Rakitine事务所、Selfridges百货公司和David Chipperfield建筑事务所都对模型的美学、比例、功能表示满意之后,我再对其进行了3D扫描,并开始对细节进行数字化细化。”

她接着说:“随后将数字3D模型输入到数控机床之中,对石块进行切割。最后我和Dorel Pop一起完成了雕塑的手工制作,Dorel Pop是一名技艺娴熟的石匠,Lorenzo Carrino在制作过程中给与协助,上述所有工作都在意大利托斯卡纳区(Toscana)的Henraux石厂完成。”

The sculptural marble bench has four different sized and shaped seats that are designed to cater to different people.
"It started with hand sketches," commented Djao-Rakitine talking about the development process.
"I then modelled and sculpted the elements with clay. Many times, with many variations. When we – Djao-Rakitine, Selfridges and David Chipperfield Architects – were all happy with the aesthetic, proportions, functionality and complementarity of both objects, we 3D scanned the models and started to refine the details digitally."
"The digital 3D models were then used to cut the stone blocks with a CNC machine," she continued. "Finally, I worked on the hand finishes of the sculptures with Dorel Pop, a very skilled stone mason and Lorenzo Carrino who assisted on the fabrication process which was all done in Toscana at the stone manufacturer Henraux."

大理石家具出现在街头,会是一种怎样的存在?第5张图片


大理石街道家具放置在四棵树旁,树坑里安装着定制的树篱。格栅用来优化树木的生长,考虑到场地的不同约束,因此特意选择了不同的树种。

除了色调适合伦敦威斯敏斯特外,Djao-Rakitine希望这个项目能在Mayfair的公共领域为路人提供独具特色的时刻,同时可以提高伦敦繁忙城市环境的空间质量。

The marble street furniture is placed alongside four new feature trees that are planted in tree pits with custom made tree grilles. The grilles have been developed to optimise tree growth in the cluttered underground environment while tree species are selected considering the different constraints of the site.
As well as respecting the Westminster bourough's palette of materials, Djao-Rakitine said she wanted the project to offer passersby an original and unique moment in Mayfair's public realm and increase the quality of one of London's busiest urban environments.

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Djao-Rakitine说:“这种具有表现力的绿色和白色大理石具有强烈的地质视觉,它是唤起水、岩石、地形、山脉的一种方式。”

“我们使用的Verde Luana大理石密度极高,它们形成于2500万年前的托斯卡纳区的阿普安阿尔卑斯山(Apuan Alps, Toscana),我们挑选出完美的大理石块,然后雕刻成长凳和饮水喷泉。”

在整个项目中,Djao-Rakitine事务所与David Chipperfield建筑事务所合作,这确保了建筑和公共领域之间的有效交流。

"Choosing this expressive green and white marble with strong geological movements was a way to evoke water, rocks, topography, mountains," said Djao-Rakitine.
"The marble we used –Verde Luana – is extremely dense and was formed around 25 million years ago in the Apuan Alps, Toscana, where we went to choose the perfect marble block that we would then carve to create the bench and fountain."
Djao-Rakitine collaborated with David Chipperfield Architects throughout the project to make sure there was a strong dialogue between the building and the public realm.

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David Chipperfield建筑事务所设计的宏伟新入口位于两根黑色预制混凝土柱的框架之下,它从现有建筑物的正面稍微向后倾斜。

David Chipperfield建筑事务所的负责人表示:“Selfridges百货公司对建筑遗产和城市存在着深刻的理解,同时他们也对奢侈品零售的未来有着清晰的规划。”

“我们的任务是把各种元素结合起来,同时把Duke街的各种建筑融合在一起。”

Framed by two black precast concrete pillars, David Chipperfield's grand new entrance is set back slightly from the facades of the existing buildings.
"Selfridges has a deep understanding of the architectural heritage and urban presence of the department store, as well as a clear vision for the future of luxury retail," said David Chipperfield.
"Our task was to unite the elements while stitching together various buildings along Duke Street."

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大理石家具出现在街头,会是一种怎样的存在?第10张图片


项目信息:
客户信息:Selfridges 百货公司
景观设计:Djao-Rakitine (初始设计概念:Vogt Landscape)
建筑设计:David Chipperfield Architects
市政工程:WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff
Djao-Rakitine团队:Irene Djao-Rakitine, Povilas Marozas, Charles Dujardin, Chun Wing Fok, Hortense Blanchard, Marzia Vanzati, Federica Terenzi.

Project Credits:
Client: Selfridges Retail
Landscape Architects: Djao-Rakitine (Initial concept design: Vogt Landscape)
Architects: David Chipperfield Architects
Civil Engineers: WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff
Djao-Rakitine Team: Irene Djao-Rakitine, Povilas Marozas, Charles Dujardin, Chun Wing Fok, Hortense Blanchard, Marzia Vanzati, Federica Terenzi.

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