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从阿尔托到伊姆斯:7个项目中胶合板的建筑美第1张图片


From Aalto to Eames: 7 Projects That Prove the Architectural Beauty of Plywood

由专筑网Martijn,小R编译

胶合板已经影响了现代设计数十年。该材料因其可持续性和灵活性而备受推崇,非常适合不受限制、有表现力的形状和形式的实验。同时,不同程度的厚度和结构使胶合板成为适合大规模生产的材料,其工厂生产对于机器时代的发展至关重要。从19世纪末开始,它被广泛认为是一种工业材料,用于船只,飞机和车辆。从19世纪20年代开始,现代主义的建筑师和设计师开始探索并赞扬胶合板成型为弧形的能力。

芬兰建筑师阿尔瓦·阿尔托尤为接受了由天然材料制成的有机形式的精神,并拒绝了钢管家具的风格,这种风格在现代主义运动中很受欢迎。 1930年,他开始探索如何运用和模制胶合板创造出具有柔和线条的独特家具。迄今为止,他对胶合板可能性的探索一直启发着建筑师和设计师,包括世界著名的查尔斯和雷·伊姆斯。他的作品持续影响着世界,下面这七个美妙的空间证明了他的启发性工作和胶合板的建筑美。

Plywood has influenced modern design for decades. Revered for its sustainability and flexibility, the material lends itself to unencumbered and expressive experimentation of shape and form. At the same time, the varying degrees in thickness and structure make plywood a well-suited material for mass manufacturing and its factory production was pivotal in the expansion of the Machine Age. Widely considered an industrial material, it was used for boats, airplanes and vehicles beginning in the late 19th century. From the 1920s, modernist architects and designers began to exploit and celebrate plywood’s ability to be shaped into curved forms.
In particular, Finnish architect Alvar Aalto embraced the ethos of organic forms created from natural materials and rejected the tubular steel furniture style, which was popular with the Modernist Movement. In 1930, he began exploring how plywood could be manipulated and molded to create unique furniture pieces with soft lines. His exploration into the possibilities of plywood went on to inspire architects and designers to this day, including world-renowned Charles and Ray Eames. His work continues to influence architects and designers from across the world, and these seven beautiful spaces are a testament to his inspiring work and the architectural beauty of plywood.

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海底空间 / DA bureau / 俄罗斯 圣彼得堡

俄罗斯在桦木胶合板生产中处于领先,有许多出色的胶合板内饰实例,DA bureau也不例外。别出心裁的日本的极简主义美学,干净而简单的设计是优雅寿司的完美背景。建筑师参照海洋,创造了由顶部隐藏式框架固定的40片波浪。这样使用当地材料的巨大的木结构改变了空间。

Under the Sea by DA bureau, St. Petersburg, Russia
Leading the way in Birch Ply production, Russia has many fantastic examples of Plywood interiors and Under the Sea by DA Bureau is no exception. Evocative of a Japanese minimalist aesthetic, the clean and simple design is the perfect backdrop for elegant sushi. The architect has taken reference from the sea to create a 40-piece wave secured by a hidden frame overhead. The massive wooden structure transforms the space using local materials.

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Bjergsted金融公园 / Helen&Hard / 挪威 斯塔万格

Bjergsted金融园区是未来工作场所设计的完美典范。它也是欧洲最重要的木构办公大楼。锋利的金属和玻璃三角外观与明亮的有机内部形成鲜明对比。选择了胶合板和坚固的木质内饰,是因为它们具有公认的健康益处。巨大的中庭和美丽的开放式楼梯激发了被大自然所包围的感觉的整体体验。该建筑采用的内部元素,例如本地家具设计师生产的家具,具有令人难以置信的可持续性。

Bjergsted Financial Park by Helen & Hard, Stavanger, Norway
Bjergsted Financial Park is a perfect example of future workplace design; it is also one of Europe’s most significant timber office buildings. The sharp metal and glass triangulated exterior is in direct contrast with its bright organic interior. The ply and solid timber-clad interior were chosen for their proven health benefits. With its colossal atrium and beautiful open stair, the sense of being surrounded by nature encourages a holistic experience. The building is incredibly sustainable with interior elements such as the furniture produced by local furniture designers.

从阿尔托到伊姆斯:7个项目中胶合板的建筑美第6张图片


从阿尔托到伊姆斯:7个项目中胶合板的建筑美第7张图片


Hermes住宅 / Andrew Simpson 建筑事务所 / 澳大利亚 维多利亚州

Hermes住宅是朋友和同事的合作,通过Andrew Simpson建筑事务所和客户Charles Anderson的建筑创造力和技巧,将旧的菊苣窑改造成美丽而智能的家庭住宅。胶合板在整个适应性空间内营造出温暖的氛围和干净利落的线条,使其具有完全的灵活性,包括移动楼梯和带轮厨房。这座建筑既巧妙又富有艺术气息,天花板镶板是电脑蚀刻的胶合板,上面刻有Charles已故父亲的素描。这些图像描绘了他们以前的家庭住所,最初在2007年的一次展览中展出。

House for Hermes by Andrew Simpson Architects, VIC, Australia
A collaboration of friends and colleagues, House for Hermes takes the architectural creativity and skill of both Andrew Simpson and Charles Anderson, the client, to transform an old chicory kiln into a beautiful and intelligent family home. Plywood features predominantly throughout the adaptable space creating a warming atmosphere and clean lines that allow for complete flexibility, including moving staircases and a kitchen on wheels. The building is as artistic as it is clever, with the ceiling panels being computer etched plywood sheets with drawings from Charles’s late father. The images depict their previous family homes and were initially displayed in an exhibition in 2007.

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带枝形吊灯的房屋 / AB CHVOYA / 俄罗斯 Nikola-Lenivets

这个小巧的6米见方的“带枝形吊灯的房屋”是一个仅可容纳两个人的住宅空间。这座小房子位于俄罗斯卡古拉州地区的Nikola-Lenivets的一个湖边,没有窗户,但顶部装有玻璃盒子,到了晚上,整个空间就像灯笼一样。该住宅绝对是最简单的住宅,没有任何现代生活设备,没有厨房也没有浴室。但是,这样的实验性空间显得轻松而舒适。

House with a Chandelier by AB CHVOYA, Nikola-Lenivets, Russia
The minuscule 6-meter-squared “House with a chandelier” is a residential space designed for just two. Found at the edge of a lake in Nikola-Lenivets within the region of Kagula Oblast in Russia the tiny home features no windows but a glazed box perched on top gives the space the appearance of a lantern in the evening. The absolute simplest of dwellings the space has zero mod-cons without even a kitchen or a bathroom. However, the experimental space appears relaxing and cozy.

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Rock Creek住宅 / NADAAA / 美国 华盛顿特区

Rock Creek住宅的四层楼是19世纪20年代原有房屋的扩建。由建筑师Nader Tehrani和他的团队设计,这座独特的建筑拥有奇特的玻璃幕墙,设计出独特的视角以露出不寻常的景色。复杂的木材在内部跨越两层楼高,在整个空间中创造了精心设计的功能时刻。不断地探索形状和形式,同时将制模板保持在最小限度。

Rock Creek House by NADAAA, Washington, DC, United States
The four floors of Rock Creek House are an expansion of an original 1920’s property. Designed by architect Nader Tehrani and his team at NADAAA, the unique building embraces its oddly glazed facade to frame unique perspectives and reveal unusual views. The complex timber interior spans double-height spaces creating functional moments of genius throughout. Shape and form are explored endlessly while the pallet is kept minimal.

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Bolton住宅 / naturehumain e/ 加拿大 Bolton-Est


naturehumaine使用胶合板的作品获得了许多认可,建筑师创造了一系列美妙的项目,将胶合板作为表皮处理进行了探索。 Bolton住宅位于魁北克东部城镇的一片林地中。室内外黑色和浅色木材形成鲜明对比。尖形的山墙屋顶在内部创造了独特的功能,同时使空间感觉大于生活需求而又不会变得太空旷。

Bolton Residence by naturehumaine, Bolton-Est, Canada
Recognized for many of their works using plywood naturehumaine has created an array of beautiful projects that explore ply as a surface finish. The Bolton Residence is located in a plot of wooded land in Quebec’s Eastern Townships. The sharp contrast of black and light timber is present both outside and in. The pointed gabled roof creates a unique feature internally while making the space feel larger than life without becoming too vast.

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木之韵律 / Studio Ardete / 印度 昌迪加尔

木之韵律是一个占据了胶合板和贴面零售商的一楼的独特设计。设计师们对胶合板的能力进行了实验,创造了一个复杂的雕塑作品,蜿蜒穿过整个空间。 一整条木带贯穿其中,创造出功能齐全的家具,例如书桌,展示柜和其他设计元素。 它是各种厚度的胶合板通过CNC,木加工和传统木工使结构变形和功能改变的混合物。

Timber Rhyme by Studio Ardete, Chandigarh, India
Timber Rhyme is a unique design occupying the first floor of a plywood and veneer retailer. The designers have experimented with the capacity of plywood, creating a complex sculptural piece that winds through the space. A ribbon of timber works its way throughout, creating functional furniture pieces such as desks, display units and other design elements. A blend of CNC, millwork and traditional carpentry come together with various plywood thicknesses that allow the structure to morph and change function.

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