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旧交通体系的新生:穿越米兰(ASLA学生总体设计奖)第1张图片

ASLA student award (general design): Milan Traversing

由专筑网胡婧宜,曹逸希编译

“他们对一个古老的城市进行了改造,但并没有拘泥于它的历史,而是用景观设计语言诠释了一个新的愿景。”——2017学生奖评审团评语

“They successfully wrestle with the challenge of intervening in an already existing city without being nostalgic about its past, instead using landscape design to interpret a new vision.”——2017 Awards Jury


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项目背景

米兰城在数百年的历史中,一直依靠外界输送的材料进行城市建设:古时候是通过运河,工业时代是通过铁路。随着社会的发展,这些用于运输的基础设施逐渐退出了历史舞台,成了高密度城市建设中的空白,与周边环境格格不入。

project statement:
As the city of Milan developed over centuries, it is built with the materials transported through the canal in ancient times and railway in the industrial age. As the time goes by, the infrastructure will not function as transportation anymore, leaving the site blank in the dense urban area, fenced out from the urban context.

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新的城市公园体系设计希望通过米兰原有的交通基础设施,将米兰的零散的单个公园进行整合,使它们形成一个序列,引导人们去体验当地景观的变化过程。当人们穿越这些场所的时候,他们将会感受到景观随着米兰城的建设而发生的改变。为了激活城市区域并增加物种多样性,设计增加了场地与公共空间间的道路、设置了灵活的开放空间、并且在整个公园内布置了多样的生境。

The design for the new urban park proposed to integrate the regional landscapes of Milan along the original infrastructure as a sequence into the park, orienting people to experience the transition of the native landscape. While people traverse through the site, they will be informed with the transformation of the materiality, which reflects the construction of the city of Milan over time. Aiming at revitalizing the urban area and enriching the ecologic diversity, the design provided convenient public access, flexible open space, and different types of habitat throughout the whole park.

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更重要的是,这个设计注重细节和工艺,旨在赋予原有的灰色基础设施新的功能,而不仅仅是停留在设想上。

More importantly, focusing on the design of detail and craft, the proposal seeks to transform the original gray infrastructure area into a place with new identity rather than an unrealistic vision.

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项目介绍

设计宣言:场地位于米兰的Milano Porta Genova 火车站原址上。这个13英亩(约合7.29公顷)的场地将成为一个新的城市公园,不再行使原本的交通功能。为了将这个空白的场地塑造成一个新的具有活力的公共空间,并将它与城市环境重新连接起来,设计侧重于赋予场地新的功能,并打破它周围的障碍。

project narrative:
The site is located in the original Milano Porta Genova railway station area in the city of Milan. The 13-acre site is proposed to be a new urban park instead of its original transportation function. In order to transform the blank space into a new vibrant public space and reconnect the site to the urban context, the design proposal mainly focused on creating a place with a new identity and breaking its surrounding barriers. 

Design Manifesto

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设计策略:Candoglia大理石从阿尔卑斯山脉中被开采出,经过长途跋涉,最终建成了米兰市中心的大教堂。大理石的运输轨迹贯穿了地区内5个景观区域。它也反应了米兰城的区域景观是如何在建造过程中逐渐转变的。当人们穿越这条路线时,他们将感受到不同的空间和物质的变化,如何从无序到结构严谨。因此,该设计将五个景观区域组成一个序列,让人们体验到当地景观的过度。该策略利用场地的五个区域来建立序列转换,并将步行体系作为线索,连接公园和城市环境。

The trajectory of the Candoglia Marble, being extracted from the alpine mountain, transported through the Ticino River and Naviglio Grande, and finally constructed into the Duomo at the center of Milan, is basically a transect across five character landscapes in the region. It also reflects how the Milan city being built within the transformation of the regional landscapes. While people traverse through the route, they will experience different spatial and material conditions from uncontrolled to structure. Therefore, the design intended to compose the five regional landscapes into the site as a sequence for people to experience the transition of the native landscape. Design Strategy
The strategy is using the five character areas of the site to establish a sequential transformation of materiality, and the promenade as a traversing armature to connect the park with its urban context.

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放大区域:有两个区域被放大以制定具体的细节和工艺。它们分别是Naviglio河的滨水区域和Porta Genova火车站的广场。

Enlargement Area
Two areas are enlarged to ground the big strategy with specific detail and craft. They are respectively the waterfront area beside the Naviglio Grande and the piazza area at the Milano Porta Genova railway station.

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现状的滨水区是一片被墙和南侧的运河包围起来的开阔平坦的开放空间。所设计的道路系统从不同方向引导人们沿着散步的方向来到这个空间,并将这个空间变成一个举办公共活动的开放空间。草堆和密集的树阵限制了开放空间的边缘,河岸被建设成阶梯状通向水面,为人和鸟类活动营造了滨水空间。现有的火车站将空间严格划分成了两部分,同时站前广场上的车流量很大。我们的策略是拆除部分建筑,以提供连通的可能。在车站的东西两侧设置了两个标志性的花园,用来展示临近的艺术区制作的艺术品,同时也为了纪念即将停运的火车站。花园被嵌在穿过建筑的铺装和盖板上。另外,现有的地铁和有轨电车系统是在广场边缘形成的一个过渡系统,引导人们进入新的广场。

The existing waterfront area is a flat open space fenced by the wall and straight canal bank at the south side edge. A path system is designed to collect people from different directions and orient people along the promenade, creating open space for public activities. The open space’s edge is defined by meadow mounds and dense tree grids, while the canal bank is constructed to be the terraces down to the canal, creating waterfront recreation area for people and habitat for birds. The existing railway station building strictly separated the existing space into two parts. Meanwhile, a lot of traffic is going on in the piazza in front of the building. The strategy is to demolish some part of the building to provide opportunities for connection. While two signature gardens are proposed on east and west side of the building to display artworks produced in the adjacent art & fashion district, and also to memorize the railway station which will stop functioning in the future. They are stitched with paving and decking structures across the building. In addition, the existing metro and tram systems are composed at the edge of the piazza to be a transition system, orienting people into the new proposed piazza.

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项目地点:米兰,意大利
设计者:Zhiqiang Zeng
指导老师:Valerio Morabito
学校:宾夕法尼亚大学
图片:Zhiqiang Zeng

Milan, Italy | Zhiqiang Zeng, Student ASLA
Faculty Advisor: Valerio Morabito
University of Pennsylvania
Photo Credit: Zhiqiang Zeng


出处:本文译自www.asla.org/,转载请注明出处。

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