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UNStudio设计的Georgia机场扩建工程
UNStudio plans extension to Georgia airport just four years after completing it

由专筑网李韧,杨帆编译

荷兰建筑事务所UNStudio公布了格鲁吉亚库塔伊西国际机场的扩建方案,屋面广场是该方案的一大亮点。

该事务所由Ben van Berkel主持创建,他们于2013年完成了这个机场的建设项目,由于快速增长的游客数量,在短短四年后,这个位于阿姆斯特丹的建筑事务所再次受到委托,完成该机场的扩建工程。

现有机场于2012年所服务的乘客数量约12915人次,而到了2016年,这个数字快速增长至300000人,预计到2020年底,该机场所需容纳的乘客数量将达到1000000人次。

Dutch firm UNStudio has unveiled plans for a "user-oriented" extension to its Kutaisi International Airport terminal in Georgia, featuring a rooftop plaza.
The Ben van Berkel-led firm completed the terminal building in 2013. Just four years later, the Amsterdam-based studio was asked to design a large extension, to cater to the airport's rapidly growing number of passengers.
Passengers using the low-cost-airline airport increased from 12,915 per year in 2012 to more than 300,000 in 2016. It is expected to reach a capacity of close to 1,000,000 passengers by 2020.

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“UNStudio的目标是让扩建后的库塔伊西国际机场航站楼能够容纳更多乘客,并通过巧妙的设计保证每位乘客都拥有舒适健康的航空体验。”事务所负责人说道。

“我们的主要任务是提升航站楼的容量,因此我们决定采用一种独特且具有前瞻性的设计方式,确保机场登机口区域和停机坪之间的有机联系。”

"UNStudio's goal for the large extension of the Kutaisi International Airport terminal is primarily to maintain a user-oriented experience where the health and comfort of every single passenger is serviced through the correct application of architecture and spatial design," said the firm.
"Facing the task of upgrading the capacity of the terminal, it was decided to follow a unique and forward-thinking approach that ensures the visual connection of the airport drop-off areas of both departure and apron."

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UNStudio与机场顾问IATA合作设计了五种不同功能的区域空间,即候机厅、安检区、中央客运厅、后勤办公室、大厅。

现有的机场航站楼的伞状木制梁架结构从天花板延伸至外部庭院,这里将成为新建筑的候机大厅。

新建筑的大厅位于航站楼的一侧,这样能够更高效地完成行李搬运和海关服务。

与现有建筑相同,扩建部分的前侧同样运用了大面积落地玻璃,为旅客带来独特的全景视角。

UNStudio worked with airport consultant IATA to define five distinct functional islands for the design: departure hall, security area, central passenger hall, back of house offices and arrival hall.
The existing airport terminal – distinguished by its umbrella-like web of wooden beams that extend down from the ceiling into a glass-lined external courtyard – will become the departure hall.
A new arrivals hall will be located at the other end of the new terminal, helping to maximise the area for underground luggage handling and customs services.
Like the existing terminal, the extension will be fronted by full-height glazing, creating a light-filled interior with views of the Caucasus Mountains.

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新乘客大厅将与航站楼的伞状天花板结构相呼应,旅客可以通过一个木制楼梯来到上部空间,在那里设置了一些零售商店。

这个空间将与建筑屋面相连接,形成一个广阔的屋顶广场。

广场上有阶梯型座椅,这里就如同一个绿色花园,提早到的旅客及其家人可以在这里共同等候。其长度接近航站楼,如同原有建筑的红色区域一样,为旅客创造了独特的等候时光。

其设计目的是让航站楼也具有活动空间,甚至这里还机具广告价值。

“这种设计手法大大提升了出发大厅、中央大厅以及到达大厅的开放性,同时这也为旅客带来更加舒适的旅行体验。”UNStudio负责人说。

“在设计中我们还结合了人体尺度、旅客流线、空间语言等因素,让每位旅客在旅行中均倍感舒适。”

The new central passenger hall will echo the departure hall's umbrella-like ceiling structure. A timber staircase will gradually bring passengers up to a higher level, where they will find food and beverage outlets.
This space will extend out onto the building's roof, creating a huge elevated plaza.
Wrapped by stepped seating, this space will act as a green recreational hub and a waiting area for early arrivals, visitors and their families. It will split the length of the terminal and, like the distinctive red corner of the original terminal building, will create another moment of orientation.
The aim is for the new terminal to also function as an events space, while the outdoor plaza could be used for advertisement purposes.
"By enhancing the transparency and openness of the departure, central and arrival halls, it became possible to provide a pleasant and comfortable travel experience," said UNStudio.
"Using the correct human scale, flow, spatial language and materialisation for these areas forms the basis of providing comfort for every visitor."

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库塔伊西国际机场是格鲁吉亚2011年至2013年间完成的几个重要项目之一,其他重点项目有来自意大利Fuksas建筑事务所的公共服务大楼,以及来自德国事务所J Mayer H的派出所。

当时,Jürgen Mayer H曾经认为建筑是一个国家的新名片,因为它能“展示一个国家的发展进程”。

而根据UNStudio的说法,格鲁吉亚当前的游客数量正处于急剧增长的趋势。

    “格鲁吉亚当前已经成为旅游胜地,而库塔伊西机场也将成为这个国家的新门户。”事务所负责人说道。

除了航站楼扩建项目,第比利斯和黑海沿岸的新铁路也为机场分担了一部分压力。

工作室负责人说扩建工程将引入高加索山脉的意向元素,从而让建筑更具有场地精神。

“来自四面八方的游客源源不断地来到这个迷人好客的国度,位于Georgia的库塔伊西机场方面希望能够在与当地人民密切联系的同时,确保为游客们带来最高效的服务。”工作室负责人补充道。

Kutaisi International Airport was one of several major new buildings completed in Georgia between 2011 and 2013, including a public services building by Italy-based Studio Fuksas and a civic centre and police station by German studio J Mayer H.
At the time, Jürgen Mayer H said the country was using architecture to rebrand itself and "show that there's a change going on".
According to UNStudio, the country is now experiencing a huge influx in tourists.
"Georgia is rapidly becoming one of the new tourist hotspots in the region and Kutaisi has become the gate to access the country," said the firm.
As well as the terminal extension, the airport will also benefit from a new railway link between Tbilisi and the Black Sea coast.
The studio said that the new extension will introduce "a sense of place" through its subtle design references to the Caucasus Mountains.
"Visitors are entering this fascinating and hospitable country from all directions and United Airports of Georgia wants to make sure that they are serviced in the most efficient way – but also with a local touch," it added.

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出处:本文译自www.dezeen.com/,转载请注明出处。

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