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Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第1张图片

Titus Vineyards

由专筑网杨帆,刘庆新编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:Titus兄弟在2012年向MH建筑事务所提出探讨位于纳帕谷的新酒庄项目的概念规划。客户的目标是通过酒庄设计的建筑构件来表达Titus葡萄园中葡萄酒的精神内涵。MH建筑事务所运用一系列的迭代设计逐渐缩小范围,以此获得最匹配客户需求的设计。在这个过程中,建筑师和客户回顾了生产流程的基本要素,与葡萄酒旅游业相匹配的接待需求和发展趋势,创造出能捕捉到品牌形象的建筑审美观。设计团队密切合作,以适应在同一屋檐下光亮的发酵罐的催化厌氧反应的复杂布局,满足客人在审美意识方面挑剔的口味。

From the architect. The Titus brothers reached out to MH Architects to explore the concept of a new winery facility located in Napa Valley in 2012. The client’s stated goal was to express the spirit of Titus Vineyards wine through the architectural components of the winery design. MH Architects responded with a series of design iterations before narrowing the focus toward a design that best matched the client’s needs. During the process, architect and client reviewed the basics of production flow, matched hospitality requirements with current trends in the wine tourism industry, and created a building aesthetic which captured brand identity. The design team worked closely to accommodate the complex layout of shiny fermentation tanks which catalyze anaerobic reactions under the same roof which hosts aesthetically-conscious guests with discerning palates.

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第2张图片
© Tim Maloney

项目地块毗邻Silverado小道东部和纳帕河西部,位于圣海伦娜北部,占地54英亩,能俯瞰整片葡萄园。此前,现有的农场房子偶尔的非正式野餐的葡萄酒是在一个租来的粉碎装置中生产的。客户希望利用这个风景如画的环境并借助国家最先进的生产设备为不断增长的客户群提供集体的品酒体验。新的建筑使Titus葡萄园可以直接向他们的客户出售葡萄酒,并吸引他们对葡萄园中葡萄的生长过程和葡萄酒最初的形成过程的关注。

Bordered by Silverado Trail to the east and the Napa River to the west, the 54-acre project site is located just north of St. Helena with views overlooking estate vineyards. Previously, an existing farm house accommodated occasional informal tastings on a picnic bench and wine was produced at a rented custom crush facility. The client wanted take advantage of the picturesque setting and integrate a tasting experience for an ever-growing clientele with a state-of-the-art production facility. The new building would enable Titus Vineyards to sell wine directly to their customers and engage those customers with the land where the grapes were originally grown and the process of the wine being made.

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第3张图片
© Tim Maloney

项目

项目团队与酒庄员工讨论酿酒过程,绘制出互为邻接关系的主要生产流程。工作人员为所有设备提供技术要求,对必要的间隙进行研究,所有管道和电气元件连接的高效路径也进行了优化。由于设备集成到平面布局,建筑本身也成为一台酿酒设备。

Program
MH Architects discussed the winemaking process at length with winery staff in order to map out crucial adjacencies for production flow.  Staff was forthcoming with technical requirements for all equipment. Necessary clearances were observed and efficient routing for all plumbing and electrical components were optimized. As the equipment was integrated into the floorplan, the building itself became a wine-making machine.

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第4张图片
Sketch/草图

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第5张图片
© Tim Maloney

Titus酒庄拥有20000箱生产装置,通常被认为是一座强调葡萄酒生产量的“精品”酒厂。水果直接从平板车送往被覆盖的压碎区,由地下室工作人员将不合格的葡萄果实挑出。在经过去梗处理后,葡萄被泵抽送到相邻房间的6000加仑发酵罐进行发酵。在接下来的六个星期中,葡萄糖被转化为二氧化碳、热量和乙醇,这一古老的发酵过程通过严格控制的过程管理。经过压榨和发酵后,葡萄酒将被泵送入60加仑的木桶,这些桶共堆了五层高,并在木桶储藏室存放两年。

As a 20,000 case production facility, Titus is generally considered a “boutique” winery where crafted production is emphasized over the volume of wine that is produced. Fruit is delivered directly to the Covered Crush area from flatbed trucks and dumped onto horizontal conveyances for cellar staff to remove any substandard grape clusters. After being processed by the destemmer, the grape “must” is pumped to 6000-gallon fermentation tanks in the adjacent Fermentation Room. During the next six weeks, glucose is converted to carbon dioxide, heat, and ethyl alcohol while the age-old process of fermentation is administered through a tightly-controlled process. Following crush and fermentation, the wine is then pumped into 60-gallon wood barrels stacked five racks tall where it will age for two years in the Barrel Storage Room.

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第6张图片
© Tim Maloney

建筑手法

建筑选址因靠近纳帕河而稍显复杂。为了减轻洪水风险,酒庄被抬升到5 - 8英尺高的土护堤上。除了避免水位上升,护堤也为新品酒室提供了从葡萄园到纳帕河以及茂密的mayacama之间不间断的风景。

Architectural Approach
Siting the building was complicated due to proximity to the Napa River. To mitigate flood risk, the winery was raised to sit atop on a 5- to 8-foot-tall earthen berm. In addition to avoiding high water, the elevated building pad afforded the new Tasting Room uninterrupted views over the surrounding vineyards to the Napa River and the wooded Mayacama Range beyond.

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第7张图片
© Tim Maloney

因为凸起的平台,项目致力于降低结构的垂直高度和建筑物的大体轮廓。发酵和桶储藏室上方的大跨度屋顶是通过相对于倾斜山墙的平面金属桁架来实现的。建筑的周边围墙大部分是由倾斜板状混凝土组成的。墙的模板、钢筋基于6英寸宽的板而创造出一个丰富的波状纹理。固化后,每一个混凝土墙都倾斜了22英尺高,由起重机组装到位。因为墙是预制的,需要特别注意坐标嵌入金属锚连接到金属桁架的两端,确保结构上屋顶和墙壁的连接性。

Because of the raised berm, every effort was made to reduce the vertical height of the structure and the profile of the building in general. The large roof spans at the Fermentation and Barrel Storage Rooms were achieved with flat metal trusses as opposed to sloped gables. Most of the perimeter walls of the building were constructed with tilt-up board-formed concrete. The formwork and rebar for the walls were laid out on 6-inch-wide boards to create a rich, striated texture. After curing, each of the concrete walls was “tilted up” 22-feet high and into place by crane.  Because the walls were precast, special care was taken to coordinate imbedded metal anchors to receive the ends of the metal trusses in order to structurally interlock the roof and walls together.

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第8张图片
© Tim Maloney

横向线条的板制混凝土墙,以及不同宽度、深度的木条和重复的吊顶组成了酒庄的招待室。设置在板条之间的玻璃叶片LED发光装置保持了线性的主题。抵消了坚硬的混凝土地板和墙壁的影响,覆有板条的天花板隔板可减弱声音,消除声共振,使谈话更加方便,解决了客人可能以过多成群的情况出现的问题。MH的建筑师也在品酒台和个人品酒室设置了固定的线性挂件。以最小的飞机电缆悬挂,装置由底部设发光二极管的阿尔德直线积木组成,并与天花板相呼应。

The horizontal lines that define the board-formed concrete walls repeat in the Hospitality Room suspended ceiling, comprised of varied width and depth wooden slats. Glass blade LED light fixtures set between the slats maintain the linear theme. Offsetting the hard concrete floors and walls, the slatted ceiling baffles sound gently and mitigates acoustical resonance allowing intelligible conversation when multiple groups of guests are present. MH Architects also designed linear pendant fixtures over the Tasting Counter and in the individual Tasting Rooms. Suspended by pairs of minimal aircraft cables, the fixtures are comprised of rectilinear wooden blocks of alder to match the ceiling with an LED light slot on the bottom.

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第9张图片
© Tim Maloney

内部和外部的混合

酒庄内部和自然环境之间的区别被刻意模糊了。滑动玻璃双折门横跨了品酒室和室外覆盖的能俯瞰葡萄园西部的门廊之间的一个24英尺宽的开口。混凝土地板和木板天花板在室内外部之间不间断地交插着。品酒室扩展到覆盖的门廊和在天花板镜子所反映的葡萄园中清晰的线条。

Blending of Interior and Exterior
The distinction between the winery interior and the natural setting was intentionally blurred. Sliding glass Nana bi-fold doors span a 24-foot-wide opening between the Tasting Room and the exterior covered porch overlooking the vineyards to the west. The concrete floor and wood slat ceiling finishes continue uninterrupted between the interior and exterior. The Tasting Room space expands toward the covered porch and the crisp lines in the ceiling mirror the cultivated vineyard rows beyond.

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第10张图片
© Tim Maloney

在品酒时,客人们可欣赏到葡萄园的美景,或观察酒窖中员工们辛勤工作的场景,也可以透过东面的玻璃墙观察发酵室中的场景。通过葡萄和发酵罐,客人也累积了葡萄酒的酿造经验。用葡萄园生产的葡萄酒来款待客人,也将Titus 葡萄园的品牌理念融入建筑形式之中。

During a tasting, guests may admire the view of the estate vineyards to the west or alternately observe the cellar staff hard at work in the Crush and Fermentation Rooms through a glass wall to the east. Flanked by grapevines and fermentation tanks, the winemaking process is integral to the guest experience. As wine production weaves with wine hospitality, the philosophy of the Titus Vineyards brand translates into built form.

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第11张图片
Elevations/立面图

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第12张图片
Site Plan/场地平面图

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第13张图片
Section Diagram/剖面图示

Titus葡萄园Titus Vineyards / MH Architects第14张图片
Plan Diagrams/规划图

建筑设计:MH Architects
地点:美国
首席设计师:Matt Hollis
项目年份:2015年
摄影:Tim Maloney
项目负责人:Helen Vasquez, MH Architects
土木工程师:Mike Muelrath, Applied Civil Engineering Inc.
结构工程师:Rich Burris, Structural Design Group (SDG)
承包商:Steve Kilgannon, Facility Development Construction (FDC)

Architects: MH Architects
Location: 2971 Silverado Trail N, St Helena, CA 94574, USA
Principal + Lead Designer: Matt Hollis
Project Year: 2015
Photographs: Tim Maloney
Project Manager: Helen Vasquez, MH Architects
Civil Engineer: Mike Muelrath, Applied Civil Engineering Inc.
Structural Engineer: Rich Burris, Structural Design Group (SDG)
Contractor: Steve Kilgannon, Facility Development Construction (FDC)


出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。

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