网站地图关于我们

查看相册 View Gallery
由专筑网雷君,vigo,卢荣姝编译

1991年,乔治城大学第一次为其一年级学生及转校生提供“过夜体验”的“逃离”计划,使他们暂时离开华盛顿校区。去年,学校开辟了这个计划的新地点——卡尔卡格尼尼冥想中心,以校友亚瑟卡尔卡格尼尼命名,他是该计划创始人。该中心位于弗吉尼亚州谢南多厄谷,各种建筑都是Dynerman建筑师设计的,其中最为突出的是圣依纳爵教堂。Alan Dynerman回答了关于建筑的几个问题。

Since 1991 Georgetown University has offered first-year and transfer students an "overnight experience" away from its Washington, D.C. campus with it ESCAPE program. Last year the school dedicated the program's new venue, the Calcagnini Contemplative Center, named for alumnus Arthur Calcagnini, who has endowed the program since its inception. Located in Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, the Center's various buildings were designed by Dynerman Architects, a standout being the St. Ignatius Chapel. Alan Dynerman answered a few questions about the building.

圣依纳爵教堂 / Dynerman Architects第1张图片
Chapel at dusk/黄昏中的教堂

你是在什么情况下接受这个委任的呢?

我们是一家小公司,机缘巧合得到一些项目;这个项目也是如此。

我被要求作为在华盛顿特区一个建筑学校的设计评审团,Alan Brangman也在这个评审团中,他后来成了乔治城大学的校建筑师。在审查结束时,他问我是否能在随后的一两个星期内去他办公室,给他看我们的项目案例。我向他演示的项目之一是几年前在弗吉尼亚农村的一个家庭住宅的设计。这个“农家乐”的一个重要组成部分是一个巨大的石头壁炉。在那个时候,艾伦正在开始寻找一位建筑师,设计休闲中心,这是由该大学主要捐助者资助的项目。他觉得壁炉设计和我的架构方法将与捐助者和监督本项目的耶稣会教士产生共鸣,于是他们就雇了我。

What were the circumstances of receiving the commission for this project?
Ours is a small firm and like many similar offices getting commissions is often serendipitous; the history of his project coming into the office was just that.
I was asked to be on a design jury at an architecture school here in Washington, D.C. Also on that jury was Alan Brangman, then the university architect for Georgetown University. At the end of the review he asked if, in the next week or two, I would come by his office and show him examples of our work. One of the projects I presented was a home in rural Virginia that I had done a few years earlier. An important component of the “farmhouse” is a large stone fireplace. At that time Alan was beginning the search for an architect to design a retreat center that a major donor to the university was funding. He felt the fireplace design and my approach to architecture would strike a chord with the donor and the Jesuit priest who overseeing the project – I was hired.

圣依纳爵教堂 / Dynerman Architects第2张图片
Entry from across courtyard/跨过庭院的入口

请大致描绘一下这项设计

这座教堂是乔治城大学卡尔卡格尼尼冥想中心的一个组成部分,是Dynerman Architects的杰作。

伊纳爵教育和耶稣会传统精神的核心是精神修行,这形成了静修仪式的基础形式。乔治城大学的静修计划是多种多样的;有些是精神上的,其他都是完全非宗教的。从历史上看,大学已经租用多个场地,以服务这一广泛的计划。2004年,乔治城购买了弗吉尼亚农村克拉克县的土地,建设了一个容纳所有静修项目的中心。该中心的一个重要组成部分就是圣依纳爵教堂。

Please provide an overview of the project.
This chapel is a component of the Georgetown University Calcagnini Contemplative Center, also designed by Dynerman Architects, PC (see site plan at bottom).
At the core of Ignatian teachings and the Jesuit traditions are spiritual exercises that form the basis of the ritual of retreats within this order. Georgetown University’s program of retreats is quite varied; some are spiritual, others completely non- religious. Historically, the university has rented multiple venues to serve this broad agenda. In 2004, Georgetown purchased land in rural Clarke County, Virginia, to build a center to house all its retreats. A key component of the Center is the St. Ignatius Chapel.

圣依纳爵教堂 / Dynerman Architects第3张图片
View of nave/教堂正厅

主要概念和灵感来自哪里呢?

教堂被设计为供小团队使用的空间—最多容纳24人,被看作是一个元素馆。设计旨在将十六世纪(耶稣教创始之时)的教堂连接起来,它们对光的应用服务于克拉克县乡村的本土深层精神仪式和价值观。

为了支持这种质朴的贵族精神,色调简单而丰富。砌体墙–内外粉刷–以8“x 8”x 1 1 / 2“的平板玻璃穿孔;地板是现浇彩色混凝土。暴露的杉木框架和雪松板装饰着内部。屋顶是镀锌铝结构,棚和谷仓是该地区典型的样式。

What are the main ideas and inspirations influencing the design of the building?
The chapel was designed to serve small groups – up to 24 celebrants – and is conceived as an elemental pavilion. The design seeks to connect churches of the 16th century – the time of the founding of the Jesuits – whose manipulation of light served the order’s deeply spiritual rites and values with Clarke County’s rural vernacular.
In support of this rustic nobility, the palette is spare yet rich. The masonry walls – stuccoed inside and out – are perforated with 8” x 8” x 1 1/2” slabs of glass; the floor is poured in place stained concrete. Exposed fir framing and cedar boards complete the interior. The roof is galvanized aluminum, typical for the sheds and barns of the region.

圣依纳爵教堂 / Dynerman Architects第4张图片
View along altar shelf/祭坛

客户/未来的使用者是在什么样的程度上影响了这项设计?

至少从我的角度来看,这是一个不太恰当的问题。客户的需求和功能是所有好的设计的核心。而乔治城大学是一个耶稣会学校,学生和教员的组成很不同。教堂需要服务于乔治城所有的宗教团体——天主教、新教、犹太教、伊斯兰教、印度教等。突出的功能性焦点是设计一个赋予清晰而强烈的精神感召力的方案,而非过于倾向任何单一宗教。设计的简洁性——平面、体量和色调——加上光的控制,为建筑赋予了灵动气质,同时避免了在多教派教堂中常见的单调乏味。

To what extent did the clients and/or future users of the building influence the design and the outcome of the building?
This is an odd question, at least from my point of view; the clients’ needs and agenda are at the heart of any good design.  While Georgetown University is a Jesuit school the make up of students and faculty is quite varied. The chapel needed to serve all the religious communities at Georgetown – Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, Muslim, Hindu, etc. The salient programmatic issue was developing a design that imparted a clear and strong sense of spirituality without being overly specific to any one religion. The simplicity of the design – plan, massing and palette – coupled with the manipulation of light affords spirituality without the banality often found in multi-denominational chapels.

圣依纳爵教堂 / Dynerman Architects第5张图片
View to tabernacle/壁龛

你怎么评价弗吉尼亚的建筑,这个项目和他们有什么联系吗?

在过去,人们可能会说,“弗吉尼亚建筑”包含一些可识别的类型,以一些特定的区域划分——山麓、潮水、城市等等,而不是简单地按整个区域来说。但标志着地域性的技术和气候条件不再是驱动因素。不考虑最热门最重要的可持续发展问题,我们假设征服了气候,而且假设加利福尼亚建设的技术与弗吉尼亚和密歇根没什么不同。就是说,教堂的设计运用了弗吉尼亚山前的乡村建筑--不是引用,而是在材料选择和体量及布局的简洁性上。

本文由John Hill通过电子邮件采访撰写。

How would you describe the architecture of Virginia and how does the building relate to it?
In the past one could argue that “Virginia Architecture” encompassed some identifiable types, divided more along the lines of specific regions – the piedmont, the tide-water, urban, etc – than simply the entire state. But the technological and climatic forces that informed regionalism are no longer driving factors. Current and important sustainable issues notwithstanding, we pretend to have conquered climate and the technologies of building in California are no different from those in Virginia or Michigan. That said, the chapel design is informed by the architecture of rural buildings in Virginia’s piedmont – not as a quotation but in the choice of materials and simplicity of massing and plan.

Email interview conducted by John Hill.

圣依纳爵教堂 / Dynerman Architects第6张图片

圣依纳爵教堂 / Dynerman Architects第7张图片
Interior rendering/室内透视图

圣依纳爵教堂 / Dynerman Architects第8张图片
Early perspective/早期透视图

圣依纳爵教堂 / Dynerman Architects第9张图片
Overall site plan/总平面图

圣依纳爵教堂 / Dynerman Architects第10张图片
Plan/平面图

项目名称:圣依纳爵教堂
项目地点:弗吉尼亚克拉克县
委托方:乔治城大学
建筑设计:Dynerman Architects,华盛顿
总设计师/项目经理:Alan Dynerman, FAIA
项目设计师:Jennifer Carney, AIA (合同洽谈阶段)
项目团队:Jae Ha
结构工程:McMullan Associates
机电工程:Comfort Design
照明工程:Dynerman Architects, PC
承包商:Howard Shockey & Sons / Walnutdale Building Company (joint venture)
建造经理:Tom Keaton
乔治城大学项目经理:Chris Jordan
摄影:Alan Karchmer Photographer
绘图:Dynerman Architects, PC

St. Ignatius Chapel
Location: Clarke County, Virginia
Client: Georgetown University
Architect: Dynerman Architects, PC  Washington, D.C.
Design Principal/Project Manager: Alan Dynerman, FAIA
Project Architect: Jennifer Carney, AIA (Contract Administration Phase)
Project Team: Jae Ha
Structural Engineer: McMullan Associates
MEP/FP Engineer: Comfort Design
Lighting Designer: Dynerman Architects, PC
Contractor: Howard Shockey & Sons / Walnutdale Building Company (joint venture)
Construction Manager: Tom Keaton
Project Manager, Georgetown University: Chris Jordan
Photographs: Alan Karchmer Photographer
Drawings: Dynerman Architects, PC


出处:本文译自www.world-architects.com/,转载请注明出处。


【专筑网版权与免责声明】:本网站注明“来源:专筑网”的所有内容版权属专筑网所有,如需转载,请注明出处

专于设计,筑就未来

无论您身在何方;无论您作品规模大小;无论您是否已在设计等相关领域小有名气;无论您是否已成功求学、步入职业设计师队伍;只要你有想法、有创意、有能力,专筑网都愿为您提供一个展示自己的舞台

投稿邮箱:submit@iarch.cn         如何向专筑投稿?

扫描二维码即可订阅『专筑

微信号:iarch-cn

登录专筑网  |  社交账号登录:

 匿名

没有了...
评论加载中,请稍后!

访谈 (60 articles)


建筑 (8037 articles)


宗教建筑 (161 articles)


教堂 (186 articles)


美国 (929 articles)


弗吉尼亚 (2 articles)


彩色混凝土 (2 articles)


木材 (2016 articles)