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兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第1张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

来自专筑编辑孙云鹏,许航的报道。自2007年以来,建筑师一直致力工作于兄弟别墅的项目上,而且在项目的设计过程中,他们获得了丰厚的经验。特别是,他们可以亲自感受到如果施工图足够详细而精确,即使没有设计师的监督,也能实现建筑师所表达的概念。而且他们只需要进行几次指导,就能得出准确的结果。此外,根据建筑师的初始概念,一些重要的元素被做得更轻薄,例如木制框架。

The architects have been working on this project off and on since 2007 and highly appreciate the experience that they have gained. In particular, they could see for themselves that if working drawings are detailed enough the concept can be actualized rather precisely even without the author supervision. It only took a couple of  consultations – and the result was accurate. Besides, some important elements – for example, the wooden frames of the terraces – turned out to be thin and light – just according to the concept.h

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第2张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第3张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第4张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

住宅的窗户朝向树林,其两个体块表面都被黑色的哑灰石板所覆盖。它们被紧密设计在一起,形成的一些空间就布置成院落。这样就营造了一个精心布置的,连续的,既是自然又是城市的现代选择的“花园城市”。再加上室内设计的枯白色也强调了外墙简约的石材纹理(建筑师也参与设计了其中一个住宅的室内设计)。

The two volumes are covered with dark scratchy slate plasterwork, with their windows facing the woodland. Being placed closely to each other they form some room between them for the yard – as a result, it is a well-laid-out, coherent ensemble, both natural and urban, a modern choice for a “garden-city”. Plus the stone texture of the facades is contractedly underlined by the blight whiteness of the interior space (the architects have also worked with the interior of one of the houses).

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第5张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

DNK 建筑事务所的首席建筑师——NataliyaSidorova是这样评价这个项目的设计的:该项目的关键点是什么?

Nataliya Sidorova:“我们的任务是要为两个兄弟在被森林环绕的两个相邻地块建造两套房子。其所有必要的功能空间加起来的面积几乎占满了整块建设用地。这就是为什么我们的主要任务之一便是解决来自城市发展带来的种种问题,并且保留乡村生活的全部优点。在建模过程中,我们已经开发出一种非方形的房屋结构,其布局看似偶然的几何形体。这种布局方式让我们利用一种结构解决了很多设计问题:所有主要房间的窗户朝向树林以避免朝向相邻建筑的墙壁,类似的经过编程的和尺寸设计的房间已经充分考虑了使用者的特点。两个体量之间的空间形成一个有乔木和烧烤的内院,在这里,整个大家庭可以在家庭餐桌前聚在一起。”

We talked about these houses with one the chief architects of DNK agency, Nataliya Sidorova
What is the key-point of this project?

Natalia Sidorova: “Our task was to build two houses for two brothers on two adjacent lots surrounded by forest. The necessary function program was to almost fully cover up the land meant for building. That is why one of the main tasks was to settle the space issue coming from the almost urban development connected with preserving all the advantages of country life. During the modeling process we’ve developed a structure of houses with non-square, seemingly accidental geometry of their layouts. This composition let us answer several questions at one stroke: the windows of all the main buildings face the forest avoiding the walls of neighboring buildings, the similarly programmed and sized houses attained individual plan features. The space between the volumes forms an inner yard with an arbor and barbecue where the whole big family can gather together at the family table.”

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第6张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第7张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

关于外墙立面的设计

NS:“所有的外墙均是五颜六色的,像雕塑;没有划分主立面和次立面。因此,我们不仅在空间上是连续的,在立面上也是完整统一的。同时,每一个立面有自己的“个性”,这些个性是由房屋的规划格局所决定的。他们是由两种类型的石板设计成的:基本的银色石板和暗灰色的带有夹杂色的石板。在树荫下形成不同的微妙的颜色变化,但在阳光下也增强了对比:银色的由于类似金属光滑的表面,在光照下闪闪发光;而暗色石板其粗糙的表面则更加深邃。在采购购外观材料时,一开始客户对选用深色的石头表示怀疑,并说他想要的是比较传统的,亮一点的材料。但石材的选用是整个概念的本质,最后幸运的是,我们能说服他选择了暗灰色的石板并且反应良好。

Tell us about the facades.

N.S.: “All the facades are multicolored, like sculptures; there is no dividing them into main and subordinate ones. Thereby we have not only a spatial but also complete and extensional composition. At the same time each façade has a “personality” of its own, dictated by the planning pattern of the houses. They are finished with lines of two types of slate: the basic – silvery one and inclusions of dark grey. In the shade the colors differ in subtly,but the contrast intensifies in the sunlight: the silvery stone shines slightly due to its metallized smooth surface and the dark stone is matted and more rugged. When it came to ordering the façade materials the client started doubting the dark color of the stone and said he wanted the finishing to be more traditional, light. It was essential for the whole concept and fortunately we could persuade him to choose the dark-grey slate and save the intended mood.

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第8张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第9张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

在工程解决方案中典型的成功案例

NS:“稍微外伸的木质框架和散布于住宅各面的露台已经成为一个颇具特色的元素。另外,细长的窗框对于“线”的表达是非常重要的。这就是为什么我们为这些元素选择了一个统一结构,并且把它安装到主体中去,框架用热连的。它让我们在没有防冻措施下共同完成了项目。

Which engineering solutions that you proposed were a particular success, do you think?
N.S.: “The slightly overhung wooden framings of the niches and terraces scattered about the house have become a rather characteristic element. Plus, a shallow thickness of the frames was very important for the character of the “line”. That is why we chose a monolith construction for these console elements and fixed it to the main, also monolith, framework with a thermo-connector. It let us do without the winterizing and achieve the necessary width together with the finishing.

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第10张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第11张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

是否参与了所有的内部装修

NS:“我们设计了其中一栋建筑的内部。它是以一个简约,沉稳的风格为外观,是基于自然的色 彩范围和真材实料而设计的。与浅色调内饰对比,只有带有楼梯的中央核心是以暗灰色板岩的外观为主。”

id you do all the interiors?
N.S.: “We have designed an interior of one of the houses. It is made in the same minimalistic, calm style as the façade and is based on a natural color range and genuine materials. Contrasting with the façade the interior is dominated by light colors and only the central core with the console staircase is marked out by the same dark-grey slate of the façade.”

© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第12张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第13张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第14张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第15张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

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© DNK Architectural Group

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© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第18张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第19张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第20张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

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© DNK Architectural Group

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© DNK Architectural Group

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© DNK Architectural Group

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© DNK Architectural Group

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© DNK Architectural Group

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© DNK Architectural Group

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© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第28张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

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© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第30张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

兄弟别墅/DNK建筑事务所第31张图片
© DNK Architectural Group

地点:俄罗斯,莫斯科
建筑设计:DNK Architectural Group
设计团队:Daniel Lorenz, Natalia Sidorova, Konstantin Khodnev, Anna Averyanova, Elena Serebrova
面积:1500 平方米
日期:2007 年至今
撰文: Tatiana Timofeeva

Location: Moscow, Russia
Architect: DNK Architectural Group
Team: Daniel Lorenz, Natalia Sidorova, Konstantin Khodnev, Anna Averyanova, Elena Serebrova
Area: 1500 sqm
Date: 2007-present time
Text: Tatiana Timofeeva

出处:本文译自archi.ru,转载请注明出处。


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