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Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第1张图片
© Frank Stabel

以下文字来自事务所的描述。虽然Aknaibich幼儿园只有1间教室,不过其整体的建筑设计结合了社区动态、生物气候学和当地新乡土风格。


From the architect. The preschool of Aknaibich is only 1 classroom, nevertheless a holistic architectural design, incorporating community dynamics, bioclimatics and a new vernacular style.

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第2张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich是一个过渡小镇:东部古城由夯土建筑、呈正弦弯曲的道路和狭窄的街巷组成,而西部存在着现代的,根据规划布置的城乡移民建造的混凝土房屋。由于教育基础设施的需要,由法国摄影师Yann-Arthus Bertrand组织的Goodplanet基金会试图出资建造一个兼具学前教育与生态功能的幼儿园,作为位于小镇现代部分现有混凝土学校的扩建部分。


Aknaibich is a town in transition: the eastern old town is made of earthen constructions, sinusoid roads and narrow alleys, while the western part exists of modern, plot-based concrete houses built by rural-urban emigrants. In need of educational infrastructure, Goodplanet foundation presided by French photograher Yann-Arthus Bertrand aims to install a preschool with bioclimatic functioning, as an extension to the existing concrete school building in the modern part of town.

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第3张图片
© Thomas Joos

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第4张图片
剖面图


在与aknaibich社区开会研讨之后,该项目被认为是一次受东部古城启发,并且与现有的现代学校基础设施之间的对话。它的风格可以被称为新乡土风格,受地域特色、材料和技术的影响,同时具有一个现代的外观、高性能的生物气候功能和抗震设计。


After a workshop with the Aknaibich community, it was seen fit to be inspired by the old town, and hence to create a dialogue with the existing modern school infrastructure. It’s style could be called a new vernacular, inspired on local typologies, materials and techniques, while at the same time having a contemporary look, performant bio-climatic functioning and earthquake proof design.

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第5张图片
平面图


Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第6张图片
分解轴测图

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第7张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第8张图片
© Frank Stabel

在缺少阳光照射的东、西立面,额外增加了一道中空墙体用以保温隔离,在南立面有又深又小的开窗和一个大型的蓄热体,使建筑内部在白天凉爽,但是从晚上到凌晨这段时间却格外温暖。北立面尽可能多的安装了玻璃门,间接让阳光进入房间。


The east and west façades which have harsh low-sun impacts are doubled-up with a cavity wall for insulation, while the south façade has deep, small windows and a big thermal mass, making the building cool during the day, but warmer through the night until the morning. The north façade has been maximally opened up with glass doors to allow indirect sunlight to enter the room.

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第9张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第10张图片
© Kristel Pelliet & © Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第11张图片
© Frank Stabel

教室紧邻着外面的操场,这个操场是让3-6岁的小朋友玩耍的,操场对面更大的庭院为其他稍大一点的孩子提供玩耍的空间。这个操场上有一个可以玩耍也可以坐下休息的棚架,它可以用来作为讲故事及其他活动的室外教室。


The classroom links to the playground just outside, which can be read as the playground for the smaller ones (3-6 years) as opposed to the bigger courtyard serving the rest of the school students. This playground has a pergola with playing and sitting infrastructure, which can be used as an external classroom for storytelling and other activities.

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第12张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第13张图片
© Frank Stabel

幼儿园的选址靠近学校的位置,因此没有用围墙明确的界定范围。它是整齐地坐落在现有的三棵摩洛哥坚果树之间,对这三棵坚果树的保护对于已经过度砍伐的新城相当重要。在网格状房间布局的现有学校之后,aknaibich幼儿创造了“新乡土”和“现代主义”并存的有趣现象,也许这会启发aknaibich社区未来建设的方式。


As a site implementation, the preschool borders the school plot, hence defining the site without the explicit use of compound walls. It is neatly located in between three existing argan trees, which are important to preserve in the quite deforestated new part of town. By following the grid-like layout of the existing school rooms, the Preschool of Aknaibich creates an interesting juxtaposition of the ‘new vernacular’ next to the ‘existing modern’, maybe inspiring the way forward for future constructions within the community of Aknaibich.

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第14张图片
© Kristel Pelliet

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第15张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第16张图片
© Kristel Pelliet

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第17张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第18张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第19张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第20张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第21张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第22张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第23张图片
© Thomas Joos

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第24张图片
© Thomas Joos

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第25张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第26张图片
© Frank Stabel

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第27张图片
© Nicolas Coeckelberghs

Aknaibich的新乡土幼儿园 / BC architects + MAMOTH第28张图片
分解轴测图

[table=98%]
[tr][td=50] [/td][td]建筑设计:BC建筑, MAMOTH
地址:摩洛哥,非斯30000,艾哈迈德HIBA街2号,阿拉伯语语言研究所
面积:55平方米
时间:2014年
摄影: Frank Stabel, Thomas Joos, Kristel Pelliet, Nicolas Coeckelberghs
当地材料咨询公司:BC建筑,MAMOTH
社区参与与组织:BC建筑,MAMOTH和the foundation Goodplane
合作者:Frank Stabel, Thomas Joos, Alina Negru, Carole Fournier and Elisabetta Carnevale
资金支持:the foundation Goodplane管理的私人基金
预算: 2.5万欧元
[/td][td]Architects: BC architects , MAMOTH
Location: Arabic Language Institute in Fez, 2 Ahmed Hiba Street, Fes 30000,Morocco
Area: 55.0 sqm
Year: 2014
Photographs: Frank Stabel, Thomas Joos, Kristel Pelliet, Nicolas Coeckelberghs
Local Material Consultancy: BC studies, MAMOTH
Community Participation And Organisation: BC studies, MAMOTH and the foundation Goodplanet
Collaborators: Frank Stabel, Thomas Joos, Alina Negru, Carole Fournier and Elisabetta Carnevale
Financial Support: Private funds managed by the foundation Goodplanet
Budget: 25 000
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