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梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第1张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

位于多伦多北部的休伦湖拥有美丽湛蓝的湖水,和周围壮丽的景色交相辉映,使这里成为梦寐以求的休闲度假场所。这是一场视觉的盛宴,平静安宁的景观让前来暂住的游客体验到了超乎想象的和谐与美好。PARTISANS的设计团队受新的委托人委托在这里设计和建造一个隐藏在这一片湖光山色中的桑拿房。当他们来到此地时,他们发现对他们来说最大的挑战是在山石堆里建造一个可以独立支撑的结构,这个结构不仅要尊重周围环境而且要从环境中生长出来。


The blue waters of Lake Huron—located north of Toronto— complement its majestic surroundings and offer a dream-like location for a retreat. A sensual environment, its serene landscape reminds the temporary dwellers of the harmony that exist beyond human possibilities. When PARTISANS team met on site, with a new client for designing and constructing a potential Sauna, they knew that their most prominent challenge was to make a free-standing structure that not only respected, but also matured from the context.

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第2张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

项目所在地位于乔治亚湾,是一大片史前岩层。通过深入地调查研究,一个人工洞室激发了本次设计的灵感。历史上,洞室通常是嵌在河湾下天然或人工的洞穴,因此总是被那些花时间去探索的人们发现。


Located within the Georgian Bay, the site is a prehistoric large-scale rock formation. Contemplated research was conducted, and through the process a Grotto was set as an inspiration that would inform the design. Grottos, historically, have been known as natural or artificial caves that are embedded deep behind the curvature of streams, and thus discovered by those who would take the time to explore.

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第3张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

深入了解项目现场那些古老的岩石层是建筑的第一步。由于原本垂直如瀑布般的花岗岩悬崖被水流雕琢成了半岛的形状,这样的岩石地貌不仅让建筑有了新的可能性,并且提供了通透的视野。《国家地理》也曾把这里评为世界上最好的日落观赏地之一。我们决定保护并且加强这得天独厚的优势。


Understanding the age-old rock, intimately, was the first step toward architecture. As a cascading granite cliff shaped by glaciers into a peninsula, the rock offered both new possibilities and an unobstructed view of the horizon. National Geographic has ranked the sunsets on this site as one of the best in the world. And we were determined to preserve and enhance the experience of it.

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第4张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

设计团队首先用徕卡三维激光扫描仪扫描这些岩石,从而得到不同尺度、不同材质的多种数控三维模型。然后,我们采用了一种非常规的“玩设计”设计方法,我们工作室的每一个人都参与塑造这个人工洞室。提出了大约有15个不同的设计想法,其中只有4个是符合感官要求的;拥有一颗冒险的心的委托人选择了一个既让我们兴奋,对于团队来说又是一种挑战的方案。


The team scanned the rock, using a Leica 3D laser scanner to create multiple CNC’d models in differing scales and materials. Subsequently, an unconventional process of design-play took place, and everyone in our studio collaborated in sculpting the Grotto. Out of roughly fifteen completely different ideas only 4 made the most sense; and the clients—adventurous at heart—selected a scheme that presented both excitement and challenges for the team.

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第5张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

被选中的洞室方案从外部看是一个简单且坚固的造型,然而内部采用的则是动态的流线型曲面造型,这需要设计师想办法解决这个设计难题。在进一步经过一系列材料试验之后,我们最终选择了木材作为基本材料,因为木材拥有某种特殊的性能。


The selected concept for the Grotto prescribed a solid, simple presence on the exterior, while the interior followed dynamic air movements in curvature forms; requiring design solutions. As a result we proceeded to experiment further with the materials, and selected wood, due to its specific properties, as the primary medium.

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第6张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

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© Jonathan Friedman

为了向目前建筑行业的实践标准发起挑战,我们在所有的细节上都是直接与MCM Inc.合作,这是一家集打磨加工和钢铁制造于一体的公司。在双方的合作下,我们发展了一种建造的新流程:利用最先进的3-D技术去扫描、建模并建造洞室。这个流程引导我们发现材料的新特性。为了创造奇幻的如雕刻般的空间,我们特地选择了有很多相似斑纹的雪松木材做面板。


Challenging the standards of current practices in the construction industry, we worked directly with a millwork and steel fabrication partner, MCM Inc., on every detail. Together, we developed a new process of fabrication; utilizing state of the art 3-D technology to scan, model and build the Grotto. The process led to a new-found understanding for the properties of materials. Creating the illusion of a carved interior, we formed the specially selected cedar timber into panels with parallel grains.

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第8张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

作为独立的桑拿房,洞室桑拿房采用两个高性能锅炉供热以保证高效运转及控制。同时桑拿房也配有通风口和风扇,让建筑根据季节进行通风,避免结构发生腐蚀和霉坏。剩下的系统都是基于可控的空气流通来通风的。这个建筑做了保温,这样不仅可以保护内部组件不会快速升温和冷却,而且可以使能源高效利用。


As a free-standing sauna, the Grotto uses two high performance ovens that ensure efficiency and control. There are vents and fans in-place that allow the building to breathe seasonally and prevent rot or mold in the structure. The rest of the systems were based on controlled air flow. We used insulation on the building to not only protect its components from heating up or cooling down too quickly, but also to make the Grotto more energy efficient.

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第9张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第10张图片
平面图

我们特地选择雪松这种特殊的木材基于很多因素;例如防霉、香味、颜色、产地和质量等。这个位于安大略的桑拿房的入口我们分别安置了两层和三层高性能的防火玻璃以保证节能和持久。而且,这个桑拿室的内部结构是密封的,表面粘附有一层节能铝箔,在室内空间形成了对流。这使得内部木材在四周都是热运动的情况下也能均匀伸缩。


The specific type of wood, Cedar, was then selected based on a number of factors; such as resistance to rot, aroma, colour, local sources, and quality. The openings were fabricated here in Ontario using double and triple glazed high efficiency annealed glass to ensure high energy savings and durability. Furthermore, the internal structure of the Grotto was tightly sealed and a layer of energy efficient aluminum foil was adhered to all internal surfaces creating a convective air plenum between the internal wood panels and the space in which they were mounted. This allows for the wood to expand and contract evenly with even heat movement all around.

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第11张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第12张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

木材板后的空间可以创造空气对流使得建筑通过座位上的缝隙和雪松木的接缝口等这些通风口达到通风换气的目的。总的来说,这是一个雕塑的空间,一场感官的享受,一个建筑科学支持下的精致空间。


The space behind the wood panels created convection currents that allow the skin to breathe through the ventilation pores that were carved into seats and seams of the cedar panels. The result is a sculpted space, a sensual experience, and a sophisticated exercise in building science.

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第13张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第14张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

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© Jonathan Friedman

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第16张图片
© Jonathan Friedman

梦境中的洞室桑拿/ Partisans第17张图片
场地平面图

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北立面

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西立面

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剖面图

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细节

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细节

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图解

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草图

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草图

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草图

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草图

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草图

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© Jonathan Friedman

建筑设计:Partisans
项目位置:加拿大安大略省Bernyk 群岛
摄影:Jonathan Friedman
设计团队:Alexander Josephson, Pooya Baktash, Jonathan Friedman, Shamir Panchal, Ivan Vasyliv, Betty Vuong, Nathan Bishop
承包商:Jordan Construction, Chantler Barging
照明顾问:G2J Design Inc
项目管理:Partisans
Architects: Partisans
Location: Bernyk Island, The Archipelago, ON, Canada
Photographs: Jonathan Friedman
Design Team: Alexander Josephson, Pooya Baktash, Jonathan Friedman, Shamir Panchal, Ivan Vasyliv, Betty Vuong, Nathan Bishop
Contractor: Jordan Construction, Chantler Barging
Lighting Consulting: G2J Design Inc
Project Management: Partisans

出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。
编辑:范偲慧,亚鑫

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