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英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第1张图片
© Wilkinson Eyre Architects

Wilkinson Eyre建筑事务所近期设计了第18家Maggie抗癌中心。该项目位于牛津市的丘吉尔医院的场地上。设计师的灵感来源于“树屋”,整个建筑由架空柱支撑,悬浮于小灌木丛之上,植物从建筑底下穿越而过,自由生长。扭转的几何造型使建筑的内部空间充满了动感,同时能够享受到最大程度的光照。建筑与环境相互交融,让来到康复中心的人们内心充满宁静和安详。


From the architect. Wilkinson Eyre has completed the latest Maggie’s Centre at Churchill Hospital in Oxford. Inspired by the concept of a tree house, Maggie’s Oxford at the Patricia Thompson Building, floats amongst the trees in a small copse on the edge of the hospital grounds. Raised on piloti, it treads lightly on the landscape beneath while the twisting geometry of the architectural form creates internal spaces that are full of gentle movement and light. The design interacts with and embraces nature to provide comfort and reassurance for visitors in their time of need.

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第2张图片
© Julian Abrams

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第3张图片
底层平面图

该项目关键的设计理念是要让人们感觉Maggie抗癌中心的温暖与友好。它要摆脱传统意义上的康复中心的限制,打造一个安静、略有中性且相对私人的空间。因此设计师采用多边形的几何形体使内部空间充满动感和活力。


Key to the design concept was to create a building that felt warm and friendly. The Centre needed to be tranquil, slightly neutral and not in any way corporate or clinical. This was addressed by the angular geometry of the architectural form which has added movement and life to the spaces within.

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第4张图片
© Wilkinson Eyre Architects

建筑坐落在一个倾斜的三角平台上,采用了一系列三维模式的组件,折叠包装在一起。这样的结构不仅使建筑和周围原有树木和谐共存,而且保留了周围的植被不受来往人流破坏,使来访者仍旧能够欣赏周围的自然景观。外部梯田式的台阶为人们提供了探索周围自然的机会。


A series of three-dimensional planes fragment, fold and wrap into each other around a tripartite plan which allows the structure to fit among the existing trees – and visitors to escape visually into the landscape. External terraces and steps into the woodland allow visitors the opportunity to explore and immerse themselves further.

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第5张图片
施工图

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第6张图片
© Wilkinson Eyre Architects

为了和周围的树林相协调,Maggies抗癌中心由木结构组成。为了减少对该地区野生环境的破坏,建筑大量采用木质构造和预制叠层板,胶合堆叠,稳固的立于地面之上,与周围景观相得益彰。建筑外立面由大块木材和玻璃组成,显得友好、亲近又不失现代感,与周围景观和谐共存。


In keeping with the woodland setting, the building has been constructed from timber all the way to the ground. To minimise disruption to the flora and fauna, prefabricated crossply laminated timber panels were erected on glulam timber columns fixed to concealed screw piles below the ground. Informal clusters of tilted columns support the structure and evoke a thicket of tree trunks in the woods. The surface materials are largely timber and glass which are friendly and familiar and while modern, they will weather naturally and sit comfortably within the landscape.

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第7张图片
© Wilkinson Eyre Architects

建筑内部的平面组成是由一个中心区域和由此发散出去的三个翅膀状的空间组成,扩大了内部空间和外部景观之间的联系,提供了放松的环境以及信息和医疗的空间,这些构成了Maggie抗癌中心的主要功能。中心的区域是接待中心,和其他空间相连,这里布置有厨房,餐桌和火炉。


The internal plan is composed of three wings emanating from a central space which is a direct interpretation of the Maggie’s brief, allowing separate areas for information, emotional support and relaxation. All are linked to the central welcoming heart of the building which has a kitchen, dining table and stove.

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第8张图片
© Wilkinson Eyre Architects

整个室内空间大小适中,给人一种家居的感觉,友好又充满魅力,同时又留有私密的安静区域,以给人思考和反省的空间。天窗玻璃连接着隔墙和天花板,通过它可以看到出挑的屋顶,也可以让阳光照进室内。地板的开缝设计也很巧妙,让位于建筑底下的景观成为室内的装饰。这两种设计巧妙结合,使室内和室外景观相互联系。室外的自然景观以及阳光变成了室内的装饰,而建筑本身俨然成了室外景观的一部分。


The spaces are of a domestic scale, friendly and inviting but also offering quiet places to retreat and reflect. Clerestory glazing connects partition walls to the ceiling, giving the feeling of an oversailing roof and bringing light through the building. Slot openings in the roof allow shafts of sunlight into the spaces and openings in the floor provide views through to the landscape below. Together, these elements combine to create a strong relationship between the internal spaces and the natural surroundings, offering views and light from every aspect.

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第9张图片
施工图

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第10张图片
© Julian Abrams&© Wilkinson Eyre Architects

细节上的反复考虑使得Maggie抗癌中心的内部空间更加吸引人,如Wilkinson Eyre设计的餐桌,休息区由Diana Edmunds设计的色彩鲜艳的地毯,为加强建筑的几何形体而在木质墙体表面蚀刻的精美线条等等。


Considered details have further enhanced the Centre’s interior spaces: the kitchen table (designed by Wilkinson Eyre) and the colourful rug in the relaxation area (designed by Diana Edmunds) are bespoke designs, while delicate surface lines etched into the timber walls gently reinforce the building’s geometry.

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第11张图片
© Wilkinson Eyre Architects

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第12张图片
© Wilkinson Eyre Architects

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第13张图片
场地平面图

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第14张图片
西南立面

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第15张图片
施工图

英国牛津树屋式Maggie抗癌中心/ Wilkinson Eyre Architects第16张图片
概念草图

设计单位:Wilkinson Eyre Architects
项目位置:英国 牛津
设计团队:Chris Wilkinson, Andrew Walsh
项目面积:225.0 平方米
项目时间:2014年
摄影:Courtesy of Wilkinson Eyre Architects, Julian Abrams
结构工程设计:Alan Baxter Associates
机电顾问:KJ Tait Engineers
工料测量:Turner & Townsend
景观设计:Touchstone Collaborations with Babylon Plants and Design
总承包商:Jacksons Building Contractors
Architects: Wilkinson Eyre Architects
Location: Oxford, Oxford, UK
Design Team: Chris Wilkinson, Andrew Walsh
Area: 225.0 sqm
Year: 2014
Photographs: Courtesy of Wilkinson Eyre Architects, Julian Abrams
Structural Engineers: Alan Baxter Associates
M&E Consultant: KJ Tait Engineers
Quantity Surveyor: Turner & Townsend
Landscape Architect: Touchstone Collaborations with Babylon Plants and Design
Main Contractor: Jacksons Building Contractors

出处:本文译自www.archdaily.com/,转载请注明出处。
编辑:范偲慧,刘庆新
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