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       该档案馆以模块的几何与空间特性作为出发点,得到一个规则的、铰接式的和有图案的结构体系,使建筑空间最大化,并利用堆叠的特征产生一个紧凑结构效果:文件堆叠、堆放在货架上,最后成为水密存储室。
       在这个空间构架的基础上,该建筑通过四个步骤进行了叠加:
       首先,将垂直的和均匀的图案结构安装在带有斜坡的材料上,就像轻轻地搁在地面上,避免任何文件存储空间被布置在地面以下,这样的建筑结构和当地自然地形还有这个城市融为一体。
       其次,将公共区域和私人空间通过入口和不同楼层加以区分。如此一来,每条存在于外部的路线都是循环出现的。而在内部,运转和循环路线更趋合理。
       再次, 拆除了原来建筑前面的小隔间,创造出一处很大规模的空间,现在这里透光性很好且布局很具有代表性,使该档案馆在城市公共区域透射出非常威严的感觉。
       最后,屋顶上叠加一个保护外壳,该造型和四周墙壁完美地结合在一起,让人对这座带有图案的紧凑“容器”印象更加深刻,而且,此屋顶设计还能有效调节室内温度(通过间接照明、自然通风和光照的控制)。
       金属包层、犹如纺织出来的几何图案在这个不透明“容器”和城市建筑之间起到了调节作用,而且在它的“保险箱”功能和社会、人文、象征功能之间也同样起到了调节作用。所以,这样的建筑外观具有渗透性和装饰性,在内外之间形成了过滤层,而且周围环境也衬托了这样的建筑风格。
       混凝土墙的三维图案和整齐规范的厚切片以各种形式变形和改变着,以突出它的异构特征,凸显出与城市周围环境的与众不同。
       总之,该档案馆是在透明和不透明之间或者在透气性和坚固性之间冲突的结合体。这样的建筑风格使该建筑看起来更像是城市中的一座完美的雕塑品。

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© Isao Suzuki

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© Isao Suzuki

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© Isao Suzuki

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© Isao Suzuki

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© Isao Suzuki

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© Isao Suzuki

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© Rojo/Fernandez-Shaw architects

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© Rojo/Fernandez-Shaw architects

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© Isao Suzuki

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© Rojo/Fernandez-Shaw architects

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© Rojo/Fernandez-Shaw architects

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外观图

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建筑南面细节图

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示意图

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东西立面

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底层平面图

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北立面

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屋顶平面图

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剖面图

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剖面图

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场地规划图

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平面图

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南立面

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底层平面图

项目信息:
地点:瓜达拉哈拉
建筑设计事务所:Luis Rojo de Castro, Begoña Fernández-Shaw
助理建筑师:Sander Laheij, Gilad Lan, Itziar Vinagre
开发商:Gerencia de Infraestructuras y Equipamientos Culturales
           Ministerio de Cultura, Gobierno de España
建筑师:Joaquín Bau Miguel
结构设计: Federico Muñoz Pagna
结构工程师:Alfonso Gómez Gaite, Gogaite sl
环境控制:úrculo Ingenieros
预算控制:CPV Control
建筑公司:CABBSA, www.cabbsa.com
委托方:Ministry of Culture


* 本文由Rojo/Fernandez-Shaw architects建筑设计事务所提供稿件,转载请注明出处。*

The Historical Archive of Guadalajara

The proposal assumes the geometric and spatial character of the archive module-file as a point of departure, giving rise to a regular, articulated and patterned structural system that maximizes the built volume and produces a compact construction with the character of a stacking: document stacking, stacked on shelves and, ultimately, of watertight store-chambers.
On the basis of this spatial organization, concocted and homogeneous, the proposal develops by superimposing on it four operations:
First, to adapt the orthogonal and homogeneous patterned structure to the gentle slope of the plot, resting lightly the building on the ground, avoiding the placement of any document-storage space under the ground level and integrating the built volume into the natural topography of the plot and the city.
Second, to differentiate the public from the personnel areas by means of access and through level differentiations. Thus, each circulation route is endowed with its due presence on the outside while, inside, the movements and the circulations are rationalized.
Third, removing or emptying a full vertical cellblock on the front to create a space of prominent scale, transparent and representative, capable of dignifying the projection of the Archive on the public realm of the city, thus promoting integration in the urban environment at the same time that transparency towards the inside.
Fourth, superimposing a protective envelope, shaping in continuity the roof, the East and West facades, to order to enhance the image of a textile yet compact container, while facilitating an efficient climate control (indirect lighting, natural ventilation and control of exposure to sunlight).
The metallic envelope, its textile geometry and materiality, assume the role of mediating between the opaque container and the urban building opened to its environment; between the Archive as 'safe box' and its social, cultural and symbolic function in the city. Therefore the surface is permeable and decorative, filtering the flow between the inside and the outside and connecting the architecture with its surroundings.
The three-dimensional pattern of concrete walls and slabs, uniform and regulated, is deformed and altered in various ways to adapt itself to the heterogeneous reality that surrounds, adapting itself into the different instances of the city that surround it.
In short, the proposal for the Archive faces the conflict between transparency and opacity, or between permeability and solidity, as a disciplinary and material problem, in order to achieve an architecture that participates and builds the city in which it is inscribed.


Project Credits:
location: C/ Julián Besteiro no3, lots B1+B2. Guadalajara.
Architects: Luis Rojo de Castro, Begoña Fernández-Shaw
Assistant architects: Sander Laheij, Gilad Lan, Itziar Vinagre
Developer: Gerencia de Infraestructuras y Equipamientos Culturales
               Ministerio de Cultura, Gobierno de España
Arquitecto: Joaquín Bau Miguel
Aparejador: Federico Muñoz Pagna
Structural Engineer: Alfonso Gómez Gaite, Gogaite sl
Environmental Control: úrculo Ingenieros
Budget control: CPV Control
Construction Company: CABBSA, www.cabbsa.com
Client: Ministry of Culture


*Appreciation towards Rojo/Fernandez-Shaw architects for providing the project description.*
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 匿名

  • 蓝天
  • 2014.07.03 15:44
    简洁、靓丽!!
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