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墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第1张图片


Suspended weights counterbalance cantilevered viewpoint in Mexico

由专筑网若山,小R编译

建筑设计师Emiliano Domínguez和Santiago Martínez为墨西哥克雷塔罗州设计了一处山顶观景台,使用悬挂的石笼与钢悬臂平衡重量。

观景台名为Espina,高耸在雷塔罗州的一座养牛场上方,为游客带来墨西哥中部山区景观的全景视野。

Suspended gabions weights provide a counterweight to the steel cantilever in this hilltop pavilion designed by Emiliano Domínguez and Santiago Martínez in Querétaro, Mexico.
Known as Espina, the pavilion sits high above a cattle ranch in Santiago de Querétaro, opening visitors to a 360-degree, panoramic view of the mountain landscape of central Mexico.

墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第2张图片

▲ Espina观景台由建筑师Emiliano Domínguez和Santiago Martínez设计
Espina was designed by Emiliano Domínguez and Santiago Martínez


建筑师Emiliano Domínguez和Santiago Martínez于2023年完成了这座21㎡(226平方英尺)的小型结构。

建筑团队表示:“Espina观景台通过不同元素的协同作用,来实现结构和视觉的平衡。”

Architects Emiliano Domínguez and Santiago Martínez completed the compact 21-square metre (226-square foot) structure in 2023.
"Espina emerges from the synergy of different elements that interact to achieve both structural and visual balance," the team told Dezeen.

墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第3张图片

▲ 两面平行的混凝土基础墙矗立在植被中
Two parallel concrete foundation walls rise out of the vegetation


“这是一个没有明确定义的观景台,其唯一目的就是提供阴凉处,并将视线引向地平线。”

两面平行的混凝土基础墙矗立在坐北朝南的植被中,由于场地的地形条件和偏远区位,只有马或四个轮子的交通工具才能进入。

"It is a pavilion without a defined program, serving the sole purpose of providing shade and directing views towards the horizon."
Two parallel concrete foundation walls – cast in place due to the site's geography and remote location that can only be accessed by horse or four-wheeler – rise out of the vegetation running north to south.

墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第4张图片

▲ 混凝土墙组成开放平台
Bridging the concrete walls is an open platform


混凝土墙组成了一个从山坡延伸到自然景观中的开放平台。养牛场护栏保护着入口,两面墙壁微微升高:一面作为长椅的靠背,另一面较低的构成空间的框架。

一个燃木小壁炉沿着一面墙向下延伸,搭配盆栽植物点缀,四周可以欣赏日出和日落。

Bridging the concrete walls is an open platform that extends from the hillside out over the landscape. Cattle guards protect the entrance, and the walls rise slightly: one wall becoming a backrest for benches while the other lower wall frames the space.
A small wood-burning fireplace extends down on one side and a few potted plants decorate the space, which is otherwise left open to the surrounding views of the sunrise and sunset.

墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第5张图片

▲ 黑色钢架支撑屋顶结构
A black steel frame rises to support the roof structure


轻质的黑色钢框架从一侧挑高,支撑起屋顶结构,整体形成一个数字“4”的形态,模块化的框架交叉固定住波纹金属倾斜屋顶。

建筑团队表示:“这个框架有两个作用,一是划定占地面积,二是让悬臂向西立面延伸。”

和悬臂不同,水平横撑超出建筑范围,由平衡电缆上的石笼块锚定。石笼提取自浇注基础时使用的当地石头。

建筑团队表示:“结构向外悬挂的程度决定了石笼配重与当地景观的距离,而最终,观景台会完完全全融入景观之中。”

A lightweight, black steel frame rises to support the roof structure from one side. Shaped like a "4", the modular frame forks out to hold a corrugated metal slanted roof.
"This framework serves a dual purpose – on one hand, delineating the footprint area, and on the other hand, extending in cantilever towards the west facade," the team said.
Opposite the cantilever, the horizontal braces extend past the footprint and are anchored by gabion masses on tension cables. The gabions are composed of local stone that was extracted when the foundation was poured.
"The dilatation of the structure determines the distance of these counterweights in relation to an endemic landscape that, eventually, will take over the pavilion," the team explained.

墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第6张图片

▲ Espina高耸在养牛场上方
Espina sits high above a cattle ranch


“材料与设计结构完整性之间的对比强调出每种元素的特定功能。”

最近在墨西哥落地的其他观景台,还有TO Arquitectura事务所用回收砖石拱顶打造的音乐学校,以及Erre Q Erre事务所在公园中的半圆形石砌观景台作品。

"This contrast between materials and the structural integrity of the design emphasizes the specific function of each element."
Other pavilions recently completed in Mexico include a reclaimed masonry vault that serves as a music school by TO Arquitectura and a semi-circular, stone-clad pavilion in a public park by Erre Q Erre.

墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第7张图片


墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第8张图片


墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第9张图片


墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第10张图片


墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第11张图片


墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第12张图片


墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第13张图片


墨西哥一处观景平台的倾斜屋顶悬挂很多石笼第14张图片


项目信息:
结构工程师:Andrés Casal
景观设计师:Matorral
铁匠:Gregorio Cisneros
图片由César Belio拍摄。

Project credits:
Structural engineering: Andrés Casal
Landscaping: Matorral
Blacksmith: Gregorio Cisneros
The photography is by César Belio.

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