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绿意盎然的学校建筑,足够吸引你吗?第1张图片


巴塞罗那TBS学校
TBS School in Barcelona / Batleiroig

由专筑网小R编译

TBS学校位于22@创新区域,这里能够容纳大约1100名学生,建筑呈现退台形态,瓷砖立面上设计有大型开口,目的是表达具有活力的室内空间,建筑师希望能够打造一个与自然连接的高品质教育场所,该项目已经获得LEED金质可持续认证,建筑的阶梯式形态和周边环境相互融合,商学院位于22@街区,这里也是巴塞罗那的创新商业活动核心,整个区域处于Venezuela与Josep Pla大街的交叉口,建筑的布局呼应场地形态,强调了Eixample区域的特征。

Text description provided by the architects. The TBS school is located in the innovation district of 22@, prepared to accommodate more than 1,100 students. It is a terraced building with a ceramic facade featuring large openings that reflect the dynamism of the interior program. The design aims to create efficient, high-quality educational spaces connected to vegetation, and the building has achieved LEED Gold sustainability certification. The stepped structure is integrated into its surroundings, and the business school is situated in a block of 22@, Barcelona's innovation and business activity hub, occupying the corner between Venezuela and Josep Pla streets. The building's layout follows the chamfered shape, highlighting the characteristic morphology of the Eixample district.

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依据城市规划管理条例,建筑师规划了一部分的场地用作内部通道,构成了全新的公共空间,从而开放历史上的密集工业形态,让整个项目融入城市环境,建筑有着紧凑的体量布局,限定了空间,形成逐步向下的退台,减少对于城市景观视线的影响,整体规模也更加适应内部通道,退台的形态也连接着室外景观空间,学生们可以在这里休息与互动。

Following urban planning regulations, the project integrates into the urban environment by dedicating a portion of the plot to create an interior block passage, generating a new public space that helps open up the historically dense industrial fabric. The building starts with a compact volume that defines the corner and gradually steps down to mitigate its impact on the urban landscape, adjusting its scale to fit the interior passage. This stepping also provides outdoor spaces connected to vegetation for the rest and interaction of the student community.

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建筑师还强调了场地的动态路径,宽敞通高的动态门廊位于场地角落,这里成为了人们去向城市中心的入口,打造了全新的市民公共场所,在内部,主要门厅保留了通高,延续室外部分的质感,构成温馨舒适的内部空间,地面层包含了公共功能,自助餐厅有着高度透明的外立面,强调了室内外的融合,下部楼层主要功能均和学生相关,上部楼层则服务于教师和管理人员,在建筑的七层,除了礼堂和一些特殊功能用房,人们还可以看到城市美景。

Enhancing permeability with dynamic access. A spacious double-height porch located at the chamfered corner serves as the entrance to the center and contributes a new public space to the city. Once inside, the main lobby maintains the double height and exterior materiality, presenting itself as a welcoming and cozy space. The ground floor houses more public functions, such as a cafeteria area, which, combined with the facade's extensive transparency, enhances the public space's permeability. The lower floors accommodate most student-related activities, while the upper floors are dedicated to faculty, administrative departments, and management. The seventh floor offers privileged city views and is reserved for unique uses such as auditoriums and representative rooms.

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校园的设计是为了教育的创新,这座建筑以使用者为核心,有着宽敞的公共空间,以舒适且可持续理念为设计指导原则,各个楼层都设计有公共活动区域,这些几乎成为了该项目的主要部分,这些聚会和休息区域双层甚至是三层通高,构成一系列相互联系的空间,让建筑拥有了直截了当的垂直交通体系,同时也提升了室内空间品质,除此之外,还增加了使用者之间的联系与交流,并以此构成核心教室的整体布局,

A campus designed for pedagogical innovation. The building has been designed with the user at the center, creating spacious communal areas to encourage new teaching dynamics, with comfort, biophilia, and sustainability as guiding principles. Communal spaces are distributed throughout all floors, considered the heart of the project. These meeting and resting areas are designed with double and triple heights, creating a sequence of interconnected spaces that provide the building with intuitive vertical communication and enhanced interior spatial quality. Moreover, these communal spaces foster the exchange of knowledge and relationships among users while organizing the overall arrangement of the center's classrooms.

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这也是个提升社区生活品质的标志性空间,建筑立面应用了大面积的玻璃,每个楼层都设计有两层或是三层通高的学生公共交流区,并且通过螺旋楼梯将大空间联系在一起,绿植墙体也创造了从地面层至八层的空间延续性,在这些独特空间中设计的楼梯很好地构成了空间的连续性,大大提升建筑中的流线效率,楼梯区域结合着自然采光和绿色植物,促进了使用者的健康,减少人们对于电梯的依赖,降低了能源消耗。

Iconic spaces that enhance community life. The chamfered corner facade, fully glazed from top to bottom, reveals double and triple-height communal meeting areas for students on each floor. Helical staircases connect these shared spaces. A green wall creates continuity from the ground floor to the eighth. The arrangement of stairs in these unique spaces contributes to creating spatial continuity and promotes healthy mobility within the building. The design of comfortable stairs with natural light, highlighted by vegetation and located in visible spaces, encourages their use and, therefore, the well-being of individuals, reducing the reliance on elevators and their corresponding energy consumption.

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建筑立面直接表达了内部的活力场所,因此建筑师构思了两种立面策略,诸如教室、办公室等私密区域应用陶瓷片和竖向玻璃面板构成立面模块,而诸如大堂、聚会区、礼堂,以及Magna教室则设计了大型开口,强调了空间渗透性和透明度,将教育设施和城市环境密切结合在一起,同时也很好地表达了内部的活力特征,建筑的立面材质呼应了城市背景和场地历史,不透明的部分则应用了陶瓷,让建筑和区域的工业历史相结合,同时更加适应城市景观。

Reflecting the interior dynamism of the city. The building envelope aims to mirror the activity within, leading to the development of two different facade solutions. While the more private areas (such as classrooms or offices) are resolved with a modular facade using ceramic pieces and vertically proportioned glass panels, public and unique spaces (such as lobbies, meeting areas, the auditorium, and the Magna classroom) are framed with large openings that enhance permeability and transparency, connecting the educational center with the city and revealing its internal dynamism. The facade's materiality strives to be consistent with the urban context and the site's history. Therefore, a finish of ceramic pieces is chosen for the opaque facade module, directly linking the building to the industrial past of Poblenou and adapting it to the urban landscape.

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建筑的立面设计也让使用者更加贴近自然,建筑和绿植之间的密切关系也成为了该项目的特征,大大提升了使用者的舒适性和自然的联系,建筑的退台式空间构成了各式各样的室外花园,提升了生物多样性,并且让室内活动延伸到室外,每个空间都是一个独立的休憩、工作,亦或是举办活动的场所,结合了绿植的悬臂在南侧立面上构成了第二层自然立面,让自然环境更加贴近TBS社区,人们也可以直接欣赏到花园和露台,这种设计策略鼓励了亲生物原则,并且对于全新的内部街区带来了更加友好的特性,建筑中的内部街区连接着巴塞罗那Aparto Pallars学生公寓的三个大型院落。

A facade that brings vegetation closer to the user. The project's identity is also defined by the strong relationship between the building and vegetation, aiming to promote user comfort and connection with nature. The building's stepped design creates various terraced gardens that encourage biodiversity and extend indoor activities outdoors. Each space is an additional room for relaxation, work areas, or hosting significant events. Cantilevers with planters create a second green facade on the south facade, bringing vegetation closer to the TBS community. This ensures a direct view of green areas and the main terraces. This approach promotes biophilia and its benefits for users while contributing a friendly character to the new interior block passage, connecting with the three large courtyards of the Aparto Pallars Student Residence building in Barcelona.

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优化朝向的建筑拥有最高的能源效率,这在设计之初就确定为构思策略,建筑师应用被动式措施来减少建筑的能源需求,紧凑的体块优化了外部表皮,最大限度地减少了能源的消耗,同时也很好地调节了小气候。

An optimally oriented building for maximum efficiency. Energy efficiency has been considered a design method from the initial stages, implementing passive measures to reduce the building's energy demand. Its compact volume optimizes the envelope, minimizing energy exchange with the exterior and facilitating climate control.

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建筑立面有着一定的环境敏感度,朝向北侧的大型开口适应着不同的朝向,并且在南侧形成绿植墙体,减少了太阳辐射,除此之外,建筑师研究分析了立面虚实部分的比例,在利用自然光线和控制太阳辐射之间形成了完美的平衡,确保使用者的舒适度和建筑的能源效益,同时,立面上还设置有开启扇窗户,一系列的被动式策略促进了自然通风,而屋面上的水回收系统和光伏面板也让建筑成为了自身的能源发电场所,该项目也因此获得了LEED金质可持续认证。

The facade is sensitive to the environment, adapting to each orientation by opening up to the north with large openings and creating a vegetal shield to the south, protecting against solar radiation. Examples include cantilevers and climbing plants characterizing the southern face, serving as sun protection, and a solar filter for the most demanding facade. Similarly, the optimal percentage between glass and solid elements has been studied for each facade, achieving a balance between harnessing natural light and controlling solar radiation – ensuring user comfort and the building's energy efficiency. The facade also features operable windows, promoting natural ventilation and user comfort through passive systems. Additionally, water recovery systems and photovoltaic panels on the roof, among other features, contribute to making the campus an active energy-generating building, earning it a LEED Gold sustainability certification.

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建筑设计:Batleiroig
类型:教育建筑
面积:12210 m²
时间:2022年
客户:Beetown Invest S.L.
主创建筑师:Enric Batlle Durany, Joan Roig i Duran, Albert Gil Margalef, Helena Salvadó Giné, Anna Lloret Papaseit
设计团队:Nerea Castell Sagües, Begoña de Pablos Alfaro, Núria Ribas Ortiz, Joan Batlle Blay
景观设计:Clàudia Amías Roget, Berta Vilar Moragas
建筑技术:David Sobrino Viguín
农业与环境工程:Yago Cavaller Galí
结构工程:BIS Structures
基础工程设计:PGI Engineering
施工方:Dragados, OCP – Obra Civil Profesional, Aluman, Alainsa, Conillas
城市:巴塞罗那
国家:西班牙

EDUCATIONAL ARCHITECTURE
BARCELONA, SPAIN
Architects: Batleiroig
Area: 12210 m²
Year: 2022
Client: Beetown Invest S.L.
Architects In Charge: Enric Batlle Durany, Joan Roig i Duran, Albert Gil Margalef, Helena Salvadó Giné, Anna Lloret Papaseit
Design Team: Nerea Castell Sagües, Begoña de Pablos Alfaro, Núria Ribas Ortiz, Joan Batlle Blay
Landscape: Clàudia Amías Roget, Berta Vilar Moragas
Technical Architect: David Sobrino Viguín
Agricultural And Environmentalist Engineer: Yago Cavaller Galí
Structural Engineer: BIS Structures
Facility Engineering Design: PGI Engineering
Builders: Dragados, OCP – Obra Civil Profesional, Aluman, Alainsa, Conillas
City: Barcelona
Country: Spain

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