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Ramón y Cajal 住宅大楼:健康城市之发展趋势第1张图片


Ramón y Cajal Residential Building / Estudio Alvarez-Sala + Aybar-Mateos Arquitectos + Hombre de Piedra

由专筑网小R编译

这座建筑拥有在疫情之后社会对于建筑空间的新要求,那便是充足的光线、通风,以及宽阔的视野,这样能够适当地调节室内空气,并且进行一定的外部接触。

Text description provided by the architects. The building has the qualities required after Covid-19: space, light, ventilation, and views, favouring and modulating the necessary contact with the exterior.

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这座历史悠久的建筑是一个以城市为核心的项目,修复了古老的中心场地,在这个场地中,办公楼与城市加油站相结合,但是由于2009年的危机而没有施工完成。

The long history of this building can be summarised by saying that a project committed to the city that rehabilitated an old, centrally located, degraded site, whose design integrated an office building with an urban petrol station, was in the process of construction when the crisis left it unfinished at the structural stage in 2009.

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该项目最初由Hombre de Piedra Architects事务所设计,建筑师将加油站的顶棚和办公楼相结合,构成整体最为突出的部分,这也构成了连贯的空间,从而形成了通向Plantinar地区的新门户。

Originally designed by Hombre de Piedra Architects, it integrated the petrol station canopy as a spectacular overhanging volume of the office building itself. This created a coherent ensemble and a landmark that would form a futuristic urban gateway to the Plantinar neighbourhood.

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8年以来,西班牙塞维利亚这条街道上的建筑成为了城市的疤痕,最后,开发商AEDAS Homes收购了这座建筑,并且通过竞赛的方式对EAS、Aybar-Mateos,以及Hombre de Piedra事务所的方案进行了筛选,在这个项目中,建筑师恰当地利用了现有住宅,构成独特的住房类型,探索住宅建筑的品质与意义。

For more than eight years, the building in structure and on one of Seville's main avenues became a striking urban scar. Finally, the developer AEDAS Homes acquired the building and selected the proposal by the team of architects EAS, Aybar-Mateos, and Hombre de Piedra through a competition. In this project, the appropriate use of the pre-existence becomes the opportunity to propose a unique type of housing that explores the current meaning of residential architectural quality.

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从城市角度而言,设计方案整合了原有办公项目中的加油站,在建筑北立面和南立面里的露台和悬挑部分沿着加油站顶棚,让体量构成连贯感,三层的立面构成了由加油站而支撑的底座,上部则有着更加轻易的空间,这样的策略有效地削弱了建筑的体量感,让其与住宅环境很好地融合起来。

From the urban point of view, it assumes the integration of the petrol station already contemplated in the original office project. The terraces and overhangs on the north and south facades follow the horizontal lines of the petrol station canopy, giving continuity to its volumes. The façades of the first three floors form a base braced by the petrol station, unlike the upper levels, which have lighter, more pared-down volumes. This strategy reduces the scale of the building and improves its integration into the residential environment.

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沿着建筑立面的金属悬挑给窗户带来了有效的防晒保护,在北面一侧,它们和玻璃栏杆构成连续的空间,让建筑和街道分隔开,建筑原有的序列感,并没有因为墙体而打断,而是通过柱子而得以强调。

The metal overhangs running along the façades of the building are also efficient sun protection for the windows on the south façade, while on the north façade, together with the continuous glass railings, they help to protect the building from the busy avenue. The powerful pre-existing musculature of the building, which allows for its spatial amplitude, is not concealed by the partition walls but is enhanced by leaving the pillars freestanding and exposed in most of the rooms.

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全新的地中海院落开放式策略让原有的建筑更加适合居住,而开放式空间的布置也经过精心设计,防止破坏原有结构,大厅面向立面和院落,楼层平面依次排列,每个住宅都能够享受到庭院空间,并且中央廊道也得以采光和通风。

The opening of strategic new Mediterranean courtyards was the optimal solution to make the great depth of the original building more habitable. These openings were carefully placed so as not to damage the pre-existing structure. The halls open onto both the facades and the courtyard. The floor plans are arranged in series towards the east so that each dwelling takes up the courtyard. These courtyards also allow the central corridor to be naturally lit and ventilated.

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这是一座高效建筑,能源等级A级,满足宜居性和可持续性,表达了2020年健康危机之后的发展之路。

The final result is an efficient building, with Energy Rating "A", where spatiality, habitability and sustainability have been the axes that show the way after the health crisis of 2020.

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建筑设计:Aybar-Mateos Arquitectos, Estudio Alvarez-Sala, Hombre de Piedra
类型:多功能建筑/加油站/住宅
面积:159758平方英尺(约14842平方米)
时间:2019年
摄影:Jesús Granada, Javier Orive, Pablo Diaz Fierro
制造商:Apavisa, Technal, Knauf, Living ceramics, Strugal, MEISTER
主创建筑师:Enrique álvarez-Sala, Juan José Mateos, Juan Manuel Rojas
结构设计:CQD Ingeniería
设计团队:Enrique álvarez-Sala, Juan José Mateos, Camila Aybar, Juan Manuel Rojas, Laura Domínguez.
客户:AEDAS Homes
安装工程:Valladares Ingeniería
城市:Sevilla
国家:西班牙

MIXED USE ARCHITECTURE, GAS STATION, RESIDENTIAL
SEVILLA, SPAIN
Architects: Aybar-Mateos Arquitectos, Estudio Alvarez-Sala, Hombre de Piedra
Area: 159758 ft2
Year: 2019
Photographs: Jesús Granada, Javier Orive, Pablo Diaz Fierro
Manufacturers: Apavisa, Technal, Knauf, Living ceramics, Strugal, MEISTER
Lead Architects: Enrique álvarez-Sala, Juan José Mateos, Juan Manuel Rojas
Structure: CQD Ingeniería
Design Team: Enrique álvarez-Sala, Juan José Mateos, Camila Aybar, Juan Manuel Rojas, Laura Domínguez.
Clients: AEDAS Homes
Installations: Valladares Ingeniería
City: Sevilla
Country: Spain

        
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