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最健康的学校,最纯粹的童年第1张图片


美国Slate小学
Slate School / Patriquin Architects

由专筑网小R编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:该项目是一座私立的独立非盈利小学,建筑位于美国康涅狄格州诺斯黑文,场地面积为25英亩。这所学校由Jennifer Staple Clark与 Alexander Clark共同创立,给孩子们以自然为基础的学习环境,目的是培养孩子们的创造力和管理能力,同时激发他们对于学习的热情。学校的创始人委托设计团队进行项目设计,并且结合以上这些灵感与理念,结合学校的自然环境,给学生和老师们带来健康与希望。

Text description provided by the architects. Slate School is a private, independent, coeducational non-profit elementary school located on a biodiverse 25-acre site in North Haven, CT. Founded by Jennifer Staple Clark and Alexander Clark, the School provides a unique nature-based learning environment that aspires to cultivate creativity, kindness, and stewardship of the Earth, while fostering a passion for learning and discovery. The School’s founders tasked the Project Team to create a campus and buildings that embody these aspirations, integrate the beauty and richness of the School’s natural setting, and optimize the health and well-being of students and teachers.

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设计团队和施工管理方就进行了共同的努力,最大限度地减少对于现场的影响,保护现有的生态环境和景观。学校的占地面积较小,只应用了曾经已经施工过的土地,并且让场地的其他部分保留当地的生物多样性,构成自然保护区。通过雨水管理,提升了下游湿地的适应性,再隔绝一部分的入侵物种,保留了本地的生物多样性,提升了湿地治理能力。

From the outset, the Design Team and the Construction Manager worked together to minimize site disturbance and preserve and enhance the site’s productive ecosystems and landscapes. The school’s small footprint – built only on previously disturbed soils – allows the remainder of the site to become a nature preserve for both local flora and fauna to thrive. A stormwater management plan improves downstream wetlands, while landscape management practices remove invasive plant and animal species, bolster native species, and create wetland enhancement areas.

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项目的室内空间尽可能地缩小,并且让室外空间构成学习环境的重要组成部分,学校的6座建筑包含有4个独立的部分,其中有教室、图书馆、多功能空间。这些建筑环绕着中央院落为布局,这个院落也是学校的重要部位,可以开展各项学习活动,建筑师没有设计内部走廊,大型门窗将每个教室和中央院落、花园、操场等开放空间连接在一起。在建筑内部,充足的自然采光强调了自然规律,让学生们在白天活动,在夜晚更好地休息。

The school’s design deliberately minimizes interior space, while engaging the outdoors as an extension, and vital part of, the learning environment. Slate School’s six buildings house four individual classrooms, a library, and a multi-purpose space. The buildings are arranged around a central courtyard that is the focal point of the school, used extensively for learning activities. There are no interior hallways. Large windows and doors connect each classroom directly to the central courtyard, to gardens, and playgrounds, and other open spaces. Within the buildings, plentiful natural daylight is augmented by circadian lighting that encourages attentiveness in the day and restfulness in the evening.

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该项目的另一个重要关键因素是通过提升能源效益来减少学校的生态足迹,建筑围护结构依据被动式建筑标准来进行设计,应用了R-60屋面、R-40 墙体,以及R-30楼层板和低空气渗透体系。雨水管理体系包含有雨水屏风滑动面板和开放式蒸汽耐候屏障(WRB)。高效的机械系统使得校园内无需燃烧化石燃料,同时应用了智能能源回收通风体系(ERV),这个体系能够持续地检测室内温度和湿度,并作出相应的适应性调整。机械与结构系统直接裸露,这也是学生生态教育学习的部分内容。

Reducing the school’s ecological footprint through energy efficiency was another key goal of the project. Building envelopes are insulated and detailed to Passive House standards, with R-60 roofs, R-40 walls, R-30 floor slabs, and low air infiltration. Enhanced moisture management includes rain screen siding and a vapor-open weather-resistant barrier (WRB). High-efficiency mechanical systems burn no fossil fuels on campus, and include a “smart” energy recovery ventilation (ERV) system that constantly monitors indoor temperature and humidity and adjusts accordingly. Mechanical (and structural) systems are left visible, forming another part of the students’ education about ecological practices.

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客户还有一个关键要求,那便是给师生们带来安全健康的学习环境,那么这就需要建筑师对于材料和产品进行逐一地分析与研究,这部分的内容较为繁杂,但是整个项目完全没有应用诸如甲醛、挥发性有机化合物(VOCs)等不健康材料。除此之外,当地政府也对微量铅等有毒金属物质的含量进行了严格地测试,目的是给师生们带来独特安全的学习环境,从而让学校拥有更加健康的空间场所。

A key priority of the client was to create the safest and healthiest classroom setting for teachers and students. Achieving this task required extensive material and product research throughout the design and construction periods. Although challenging, the project team succeeded in designing a building with no Red List materials, formaldehydes, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), chemical flame retardants, and other allergens and irritants. Additionally, great pains were taken to test and ban any materials containing traces of lead or other toxic heavy metals. This creates an environment that is uniquely safe for students and teachers, further helping set the standard for schools as beautiful and healthy spaces.

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建筑设计:Patriquin Architects
地点:美国 诺斯黑文
类型:中小学/可持续
面积:6925平方英尺(约643平方米)
时间:2018年
摄影:Ian Christmann
制造商:AutoDesk, Cupa Pizarras, Decoustics, Lumion, Owens Corning, Benjamin Moore, Cambria, Ceco Door, CertainTeed, Forbo Flooring Systems, GAF, Lepage Millwork, Mecho Systems, Toto, Columbia Forest Products Purebond, DuctSox Corporation, Filtrine, Vermont Industries
主创建筑师:Karin Patriquin and Paolo Campos
设计团队:Jennifer Shea, Kristin Irwin, Thomas Beech, Max Ballardo, Brian Gonzalez
客户:Jennifer Staple Clark and Alexander Clark
施工管理:Gilbane Building Company
勘察\土木工程\景观设计:Milone & MacBroom
Mep工程:Consulting Engineering Services
结构工程:Girard and Company
灯光设计:Gorecki Design Associates
声学设计:SH Acoustics
可持续顾问:Bryant-Dieso
客户代表:Colliers International
安全措施:OmniData

ELEMENTARY & MIDDLE SCHOOL, SUSTAINABILITY
NORTH HAVEN, UNITED STATES
Architects: Patriquin Architects
Area: 6925 ft2
Year: 2018
Photographs: Ian Christmann
Manufacturers: AutoDesk, Cupa Pizarras, Decoustics, Lumion, Owens Corning, Benjamin Moore, Cambria, Ceco Door, CertainTeed, Forbo Flooring Systems, GAF, Lepage Millwork, Mecho Systems, Toto, Columbia Forest Products Purebond, DuctSox Corporation, Filtrine, Vermont Industries
Lead Architects: Karin Patriquin and Paolo Campos
Design Team: Jennifer Shea, Kristin Irwin, Thomas Beech, Max Ballardo, Brian Gonzalez
Clients: Jennifer Staple Clark and Alexander Clark
Construction Manager: Gilbane Building Company
Survey, Civil Engineering + Landscape Architecture: Milone & MacBroom
Mep Engineer: Consulting Engineering Services
Structural Engineer: Girard and Company
Lighting Design: Gorecki Design Associates
Acoustical Design: SH Acoustics
Sustainability Consultant: Bryant-Dieso
Owner’s Project Rep: Colliers International
Security & It: OmniData

       
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