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孟加拉Hindu-paraRohingya难民营社区中心
Integrated Community Center in Hindu-paraRohingya Refugee Camp / Rizvi Hassan

由专筑网小R编译

来自建筑事务所的描述:在罗兴亚难民中有少部分印度教社区,他们居住在世界上最大的难民营中。2年多以来,孟加拉国社区不断地在分享他们的资源、土地,以及日常生活。各个社区之间距离很近,印度教综合社区中心因此而生,目的是构成共享区域,满足人们的使用要求,促进难民和社区之间的沟通。

Text description provided by the architects. Hindupara community is the minority group among Rohingya refugees who are now living in the world’s largest refugee camp in Kutupalong. Host communities in Bangladesh have been sharing their resources, land & everyday life for more than two years now. As the host communities are very nearby, Hindupara Integrated Community Center was designed to build a sharing platform that will try to create aspiration for the surrounding, and be a catalyst for better communication between refugees and host community as well as majority and minority groups.

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印度教社区成员和来自周边社区的成员能够共创一个区域,在这里他们可以拥有社会心理支持、培训、事件管理以及知识分享。他们构思了图案,绘制了中心区域,构成开放场所,增近彼此的距离。在施工期间和施工之后,工人和使用者能够加入到设计过程中,让每个人都能够以自己的方式进行构思。

Community members of Hindupara and members from adjacent hosting community have got the scope to come forward to create the center together from which they can be benefited in terms of psycho-social support, training, case management and knowledge sharing. They created patterns and painted their center and created the scope to open up or may be to be a bit more tolerable to each other. Engaging craftsmen & users in the creative process during construction and after automatically makes everyone put a little more effort towards creating and conserving in their own way.

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施工之后社区成员Rajpoti Shil apa及其团队选择了一些必要的植物种植在建筑之中,用于不同的需求。例如Gada、Joba、Golap、Kathal Chapa、Barota、Morichha等可以使用在一些仪式中。其他诸如Bel、Kola、Tulshi、Aam植物的叶子也有相应的价值。环境的美化让人们更加了解这个新场所。

After construction, Rajpoti Shil apa (member of Hindu-para community) and her team selected all the necessary trees and plants that can be planted within the complex as well as can be used in different ceremonies and needs. Gada, Joba, Golap, Kathal Chapa, Barota, Morichha etc. were selected to use the flowers in Puja and other ceremonies. For other purposes like leaf, medicinal benefit and fruits Bel, Kola, Tulshi, Aam etc. came to proposal by the users. Sharing stories and landscaping together immediately helped everyone get introduced to the newly built environment.

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最大的难民营在短时间内建成,工作量较大,因此当地的资源利用十分重要。工人们应用了一些原始竹子、防水布、稻草,让难民营能够有机地建造起来,但是随着时间的流逝,当地的竹子总量却在减少,结构部分使用的竹子需要生长的时间为3年,其他部分竹子则需要1年。除非有着合理的利用规划,那么这时候就可以利用上替代的方案。

The largest refugee camp has been formed in a very short time with immense amount of work and intensive use of local resources. Rapid use of non-treated bamboo, tarpaulin and straw has made the camp grow like an organic entity in the emergency period. 'The total national supply of bamboo is diminishing over time, whilst demand is growing'-Humanitarian Bamboo Technical Report. Structural bamboos require almost 3 years re-growing & other partitioning bamboos (i.e Muli/Nali/Ora/Khag/Dolu etc.) require 1 year. Unless proper planning is established for harvesting and safely treating Borak bamboo in nearby areas (for lower cost and easy availability in intervals) alternative schemes can play vital roles in the development phase of the camp.

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那么,资源较多的钢铁就成为了另一种方式,孟加拉国的钢铁工业较为发达,该项目则有着以钢材为主体结构的扁平化模块设计策略,这样能够减少资源的浪费,增强运输的便捷性、材料的可利用性,同时还易于清洁与施工。建筑有着钢材结构、模块化表皮和简单的双坡屋面,在亚热带季风气候中构成了一个伞型空间,模块化体系中呼应了当地的环境,让建筑与当地人民有着密切的联系。

Hence steel comes as an immediate alternative solution which is easily available as the steel industry in Bangladesh is based in the nearby port city Chittagong. A deployable scheme with steel members as primary structure and flat-pack modules has been designed to ensure less wastage of resources, transportability, reusability and clean construction/ease of construction. The scheme consists of a basic base, steel skeleton, modular partitioning as the skin and simple double pitched roof that works as an umbrella in this sub-tropical monsoon climate. Muli bamboo in-fill in the modular system offers contextual essence and makes the structure relatable to Rohingya Refugees as well as local villagers.

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在过渡时期,难民营需要有着更好的功能性,因此,项目也有着很强的适应性,来自国外的资助也成为了一场投资,而不仅仅只是人道主义背景下的慈善捐助。

In this transitional period, structures in camp require to be better in terms of dignity and usability within temporary schemes. For that, deployable/reusable systems that are contextual and adaptable can set examples. It also makes foreign aid a thoughtful investment, instead of mere charity in a humanitarian context.

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建筑设计:Rizvi Hassan
地点:孟加拉国
类型:社区中心
面积:221.0 m2
时间:2019年
摄影:Rizvi Hassan
制造商:BSRM, AutoCAD, SketchUp
主创建筑师:Rizvi Hassan
设计团队:Rizvi Hassan, Saad Ben Mostafa, Kamal bhai, Rubel bhai ,Rajpoti Shil apa, Syedullah, Masons, Community members
客户:Forcefully displaced Myanmar Nationals & Bangladeshi Host Community in Kutupalong, Supported by UNHCR & BRAC
工程色剂:BiplobHossain, HasanTarek, Mostafizur Rahman, Sagor Mondol, Abdul Latif
景观设计:Hindupara Community Members
合作方:UNHCR, BRAC, Shah Alam, Shahidul Islam Khan, Tahrima Akhtar, Sheikh Jahidur Rahman

COMMUNITY CENTER
BANGLADESH
Architects: Rizvi Hassan
Area: 221.0 m2
Year: 2019
Photographs: Rizvi Hassan
Manufacturers: BSRM, AutoCAD, SketchUp
Architect In Charge: Rizvi Hassan
Design Team: Rizvi Hassan, Saad Ben Mostafa, Kamal bhai, Rubel bhai ,Rajpoti Shil apa, Syedullah, Masons, Community members
Clients: Forcefully displaced Myanmar Nationals & Bangladeshi Host Community in Kutupalong, Supported by UNHCR & BRAC
Engineering: BiplobHossain, HasanTarek, Mostafizur Rahman, Sagor Mondol, Abdul Latif
Landscape: Hindupara Community Members
Collaborators: UNHCR, BRAC, Shah Alam, Shahidul Islam Khan, Tahrima Akhtar, Sheikh Jahidur Rahman

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